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Karyotype variability in tropical maize sister inbred lines and hybrids compared with KYS standard line.

Mondin M, Santos-Serejo JA, Bertäo MR, Laborda P, Pizzaia D, Aguiar-Perecin ML - Front Plant Sci (2014)

Bottom Line: Somatic chromosomes of a JD line and the commonly used KYS line were compared by FISH in a hybrid of these lines.This suggests that homologous chromosomes could pair through differential degrees of chromatin packaging in homologous arms differing in size.The results contribute to current knowledge of maize global diversity and also raise questions concerning the meiotic pairing of homologous chromosomes possibly differing in their amounts of repetitive DNA.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Genetics, Luiz de Queiroz College of Agriculture, University of São Paulo, Piracicaba, Brazil.

ABSTRACT
Maize karyotype variability has been extensively investigated. The identification of maize somatic and pachytene chromosomes has improved with the development of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using tandemly repeated DNA sequences as probes. We identified the somatic chromosomes of sister inbred lines that were derived from a tropical flint maize population (Jac Duro [JD]), and hybrids between them, using FISH probes for the 180-bp knob repeat, centromeric satellite (CentC), centromeric satellite 4 (Cent4), subtelomeric clone 4-12-1, 5S ribosomal DNA and nucleolus organizing region DNA sequences. The observations were integrated with data based on C-banded mitotic metaphases and conventional analysis of pachytene chromosomes. Heterochromatic knobs visible at pachynema were coincident with C-bands and 180-bp FISH signals on somatic chromosomes, and most of them were large. Variation in the presence of some knobs was observed among lines. Small 180-bp knob signals were invariant on the short arms of chromosomes 1, 6, and 9. The subtelomeric 4-12-1 signal was also invariant and useful for identifying some chromosomes. The centromere location of chromosomes 2 and 4 differed from previous reports on standard maize lines. Somatic chromosomes of a JD line and the commonly used KYS line were compared by FISH in a hybrid of these lines. The pairing behavior of chromosomes 2 and 4 at pachytene stage in this hybrid was investigated using FISH with chromosome-specific probes. The homologues were fully synapsed, including the 5S rDNA and CentC sites on chromosome 2, and Cent4 and subtelomeric 4-12-1 sites on chromosome 4. This suggests that homologous chromosomes could pair through differential degrees of chromatin packaging in homologous arms differing in size. The results contribute to current knowledge of maize global diversity and also raise questions concerning the meiotic pairing of homologous chromosomes possibly differing in their amounts of repetitive DNA.

No MeSH data available.


Ideogram representative of the somatic chromosomes of JD lines showing knobs on chromosomes 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9, detected by C-banding and FISH probed with the knob 180-bp repeat (black), small 180-bp repeat signals (blue), subtelomeric 4-12-1 clone (orange), Cent4 (red), 5S rDNA (green), and NOR rDNA (yellow). Knobless homologues of chromosomes 3, 5, 7, (without K7S), and 9 are displayed.
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Figure 2: Ideogram representative of the somatic chromosomes of JD lines showing knobs on chromosomes 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9, detected by C-banding and FISH probed with the knob 180-bp repeat (black), small 180-bp repeat signals (blue), subtelomeric 4-12-1 clone (orange), Cent4 (red), 5S rDNA (green), and NOR rDNA (yellow). Knobless homologues of chromosomes 3, 5, 7, (without K7S), and 9 are displayed.

Mentions: From these observations on the C-banded somatic chromosomes, we delineated an ideogram showing the chromosomes with and without knobs (Figure 2).


Karyotype variability in tropical maize sister inbred lines and hybrids compared with KYS standard line.

Mondin M, Santos-Serejo JA, Bertäo MR, Laborda P, Pizzaia D, Aguiar-Perecin ML - Front Plant Sci (2014)

Ideogram representative of the somatic chromosomes of JD lines showing knobs on chromosomes 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9, detected by C-banding and FISH probed with the knob 180-bp repeat (black), small 180-bp repeat signals (blue), subtelomeric 4-12-1 clone (orange), Cent4 (red), 5S rDNA (green), and NOR rDNA (yellow). Knobless homologues of chromosomes 3, 5, 7, (without K7S), and 9 are displayed.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4195276&req=5

Figure 2: Ideogram representative of the somatic chromosomes of JD lines showing knobs on chromosomes 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9, detected by C-banding and FISH probed with the knob 180-bp repeat (black), small 180-bp repeat signals (blue), subtelomeric 4-12-1 clone (orange), Cent4 (red), 5S rDNA (green), and NOR rDNA (yellow). Knobless homologues of chromosomes 3, 5, 7, (without K7S), and 9 are displayed.
Mentions: From these observations on the C-banded somatic chromosomes, we delineated an ideogram showing the chromosomes with and without knobs (Figure 2).

Bottom Line: Somatic chromosomes of a JD line and the commonly used KYS line were compared by FISH in a hybrid of these lines.This suggests that homologous chromosomes could pair through differential degrees of chromatin packaging in homologous arms differing in size.The results contribute to current knowledge of maize global diversity and also raise questions concerning the meiotic pairing of homologous chromosomes possibly differing in their amounts of repetitive DNA.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Genetics, Luiz de Queiroz College of Agriculture, University of São Paulo, Piracicaba, Brazil.

ABSTRACT
Maize karyotype variability has been extensively investigated. The identification of maize somatic and pachytene chromosomes has improved with the development of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using tandemly repeated DNA sequences as probes. We identified the somatic chromosomes of sister inbred lines that were derived from a tropical flint maize population (Jac Duro [JD]), and hybrids between them, using FISH probes for the 180-bp knob repeat, centromeric satellite (CentC), centromeric satellite 4 (Cent4), subtelomeric clone 4-12-1, 5S ribosomal DNA and nucleolus organizing region DNA sequences. The observations were integrated with data based on C-banded mitotic metaphases and conventional analysis of pachytene chromosomes. Heterochromatic knobs visible at pachynema were coincident with C-bands and 180-bp FISH signals on somatic chromosomes, and most of them were large. Variation in the presence of some knobs was observed among lines. Small 180-bp knob signals were invariant on the short arms of chromosomes 1, 6, and 9. The subtelomeric 4-12-1 signal was also invariant and useful for identifying some chromosomes. The centromere location of chromosomes 2 and 4 differed from previous reports on standard maize lines. Somatic chromosomes of a JD line and the commonly used KYS line were compared by FISH in a hybrid of these lines. The pairing behavior of chromosomes 2 and 4 at pachytene stage in this hybrid was investigated using FISH with chromosome-specific probes. The homologues were fully synapsed, including the 5S rDNA and CentC sites on chromosome 2, and Cent4 and subtelomeric 4-12-1 sites on chromosome 4. This suggests that homologous chromosomes could pair through differential degrees of chromatin packaging in homologous arms differing in size. The results contribute to current knowledge of maize global diversity and also raise questions concerning the meiotic pairing of homologous chromosomes possibly differing in their amounts of repetitive DNA.

No MeSH data available.