The Severity of Illness Index as a severity adjustment to diagnosis-related groups.
Bottom Line: Comparative analyses of the resulting case-mix groups within hospitals, and an application of severity-adjusted diagnosis-related groups case-mix definitions.Cross-hospital comparisons.Some of the consequences of incorporating a patient severity refinement into the prospective payment system.
This article discusses the Severity of Illness case-mix groups, and suggests a refinement to diagnosis-related groups (DRG's) designed to accommodate the important element of patient severity. An application of the suggested refinement is presented in a discussion of the efficient production of hospital services. The following areas are addressed. A brief summary of the goals and development of the Severity of Illness Index, and the methodology used to collect severity of illness data on hospital inpatients. Comparative analyses of the resulting case-mix groups within hospitals, and an application of severity-adjusted diagnosis-related groups case-mix definitions. The contribution of the variation in physician practice patterns to the variation in resource use per patient within a hospital. Cross-hospital comparisons. Some of the consequences of incorporating a patient severity refinement into the prospective payment system.
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Mentions: The results of these comparisons are presented in Figure 6 for several hospitals. In general, the results show that DRG's explain 30-40 percent of the variability in resource use. Physician subgrouping within DRG's explains another 20-40 percent of the variability of resource use. Taking severity of illness into account as well, raises the explanatory power to between 90 percent and 96 percent of the variability in charges for each of the hospitals. These results suggest that most of the variability in resource use within a hospital can be explained by: