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Triatominae species of Suriname (Heteroptera: Reduviidae) and their role as vectors of Chagas disease.

Hiwat H - Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz (2014)

Bottom Line: Nine species of Triatominae, representing three tribes and five genera, are currently known in Suriname.Additionally, the results of several years of opportunistic collection in two domestic environments are presented.The most common species are Rhodnius pictipes Stål, 1972, Rhodnius robustus Larrouse, 1972 and Panstrongylus geniculatus (Latreille, 1811).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Entomology, Bureau of Public Health, Paramaribo, Suriname.

ABSTRACT
Nine species of Triatominae, representing three tribes and five genera, are currently known in Suriname. An annotated list of the species based on the collections of the Bureau of Public Health (Suriname), the National Zoological Collection Suriname and the National History Museum Leiden (the Netherlands) is provided. Additionally, the results of several years of opportunistic collection in two domestic environments are presented. The most common species are Rhodnius pictipes Stål, 1972, Rhodnius robustus Larrouse, 1972 and Panstrongylus geniculatus (Latreille, 1811). The significance of the species as vectors of Chagas disease in Suriname is discussed.

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: map of Suriname showing the 10 districts: 1: Nickerie; 2: Coronie; 3:Saramacca; 4: Para; 5: Sipaliwini; 6: Brokopondo; 7: Wanica; 8: Paramaribo(capital); 9: Commewijne; 10: Marowijne.
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f01: : map of Suriname showing the 10 districts: 1: Nickerie; 2: Coronie; 3:Saramacca; 4: Para; 5: Sipaliwini; 6: Brokopondo; 7: Wanica; 8: Paramaribo(capital); 9: Commewijne; 10: Marowijne.

Mentions: The Republic of Suriname is situated on the Caribbean coast between Guyana and FrenchGuiana, north of Brazil. The country is divided into 10 districts (Fig. 1) that cover three major ecological landscapes: the northerncoastal area, the southern forested highlands and the savannah belt in between. Thecoastal area is mainly lowland with swamps and mangroves, but also has shell ridges; itis the most populated part of the country and almost all national agriculture isperformed that region. The highlands in the interior are almost completely covered withtropical rainforest; however, deforestation, especially due to gold mining, isincreasing significantly. This area has some inselbergs or tepuis andsmall savannah areas along the south-southeastern border. The savannah belt stretchesfrom east to west and separates the coastal lowlands from the interior highlands (Fig. 2).


Triatominae species of Suriname (Heteroptera: Reduviidae) and their role as vectors of Chagas disease.

Hiwat H - Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz (2014)

: map of Suriname showing the 10 districts: 1: Nickerie; 2: Coronie; 3:Saramacca; 4: Para; 5: Sipaliwini; 6: Brokopondo; 7: Wanica; 8: Paramaribo(capital); 9: Commewijne; 10: Marowijne.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4155847&req=5

f01: : map of Suriname showing the 10 districts: 1: Nickerie; 2: Coronie; 3:Saramacca; 4: Para; 5: Sipaliwini; 6: Brokopondo; 7: Wanica; 8: Paramaribo(capital); 9: Commewijne; 10: Marowijne.
Mentions: The Republic of Suriname is situated on the Caribbean coast between Guyana and FrenchGuiana, north of Brazil. The country is divided into 10 districts (Fig. 1) that cover three major ecological landscapes: the northerncoastal area, the southern forested highlands and the savannah belt in between. Thecoastal area is mainly lowland with swamps and mangroves, but also has shell ridges; itis the most populated part of the country and almost all national agriculture isperformed that region. The highlands in the interior are almost completely covered withtropical rainforest; however, deforestation, especially due to gold mining, isincreasing significantly. This area has some inselbergs or tepuis andsmall savannah areas along the south-southeastern border. The savannah belt stretchesfrom east to west and separates the coastal lowlands from the interior highlands (Fig. 2).

Bottom Line: Nine species of Triatominae, representing three tribes and five genera, are currently known in Suriname.Additionally, the results of several years of opportunistic collection in two domestic environments are presented.The most common species are Rhodnius pictipes Stål, 1972, Rhodnius robustus Larrouse, 1972 and Panstrongylus geniculatus (Latreille, 1811).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Entomology, Bureau of Public Health, Paramaribo, Suriname.

ABSTRACT
Nine species of Triatominae, representing three tribes and five genera, are currently known in Suriname. An annotated list of the species based on the collections of the Bureau of Public Health (Suriname), the National Zoological Collection Suriname and the National History Museum Leiden (the Netherlands) is provided. Additionally, the results of several years of opportunistic collection in two domestic environments are presented. The most common species are Rhodnius pictipes Stål, 1972, Rhodnius robustus Larrouse, 1972 and Panstrongylus geniculatus (Latreille, 1811). The significance of the species as vectors of Chagas disease in Suriname is discussed.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus