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Double obstruction of ureter: A diagnostic challenge.

Halder P, Shukla RM, Mandal KC, Mukhopadhyay B, Barman S - J Indian Assoc Pediatr Surg (2014)

Bottom Line: Postoperative nephrostogram confirmed the diagnosis in all patients.Because of the rarity of this condition it can escape the eye of even an astute clinician.Early diagnosis can be made if this condition is kept in mind while treating any hydronephrosis due to UPJO or UVJO.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pediatric Surgery, Nil Ratan Sircar Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Isolated obstruction of the ureteropelvic junction and the vesico-ureteric junction are the two most common causes of hydronephrosis in a pediatric population.[1] They do not pose diagnostic difficulties when are present alone but when together can be difficult to diagnose. Here, we discuss the problems we faced when we encountered these two anomalies in the same ureter and the way in which we managed them.

Aim: To assess the difficulties in diagnosis of pediatric patients who present with both ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) and vesico-ureteric junction obstruction (VUJO) in the ipsilateral ureter and their management protocol.

Materials and methods: This is a retrospective study. The study period is from 1 January 2004 to 31 December 2011. Out of 254 children who were diagnosed to have hydronephrosis due to UPJO in our institute, 5 patients (in the age range of 5 to 10 years) had both UPJO and VUJO in the ipsilateral ureter. The problems we faced in diagnosing the two conditions are mentioned with a literature review.

Results: Operative intervention was used in four out of five patients; none of the patients had an accurate diagnosis before surgery. All patients were suspected of having double obstruction during pyeloplasty when appropriate size double J stent could not be negotiated through the vesicoureteric junction into the bladder. Postoperative nephrostogram confirmed the diagnosis in all patients.

Conclusion: Children with double obstruction of the ipsilateral ureter present as a diagnostic dilemma. Because of the rarity of this condition it can escape the eye of even an astute clinician. Early diagnosis can be made if this condition is kept in mind while treating any hydronephrosis due to UPJO or UVJO.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

USG and MCU before pyeloplasty in case 1
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Figure 1: USG and MCU before pyeloplasty in case 1


Double obstruction of ureter: A diagnostic challenge.

Halder P, Shukla RM, Mandal KC, Mukhopadhyay B, Barman S - J Indian Assoc Pediatr Surg (2014)

USG and MCU before pyeloplasty in case 1
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4155627&req=5

Figure 1: USG and MCU before pyeloplasty in case 1
Bottom Line: Postoperative nephrostogram confirmed the diagnosis in all patients.Because of the rarity of this condition it can escape the eye of even an astute clinician.Early diagnosis can be made if this condition is kept in mind while treating any hydronephrosis due to UPJO or UVJO.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pediatric Surgery, Nil Ratan Sircar Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Isolated obstruction of the ureteropelvic junction and the vesico-ureteric junction are the two most common causes of hydronephrosis in a pediatric population.[1] They do not pose diagnostic difficulties when are present alone but when together can be difficult to diagnose. Here, we discuss the problems we faced when we encountered these two anomalies in the same ureter and the way in which we managed them.

Aim: To assess the difficulties in diagnosis of pediatric patients who present with both ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) and vesico-ureteric junction obstruction (VUJO) in the ipsilateral ureter and their management protocol.

Materials and methods: This is a retrospective study. The study period is from 1 January 2004 to 31 December 2011. Out of 254 children who were diagnosed to have hydronephrosis due to UPJO in our institute, 5 patients (in the age range of 5 to 10 years) had both UPJO and VUJO in the ipsilateral ureter. The problems we faced in diagnosing the two conditions are mentioned with a literature review.

Results: Operative intervention was used in four out of five patients; none of the patients had an accurate diagnosis before surgery. All patients were suspected of having double obstruction during pyeloplasty when appropriate size double J stent could not be negotiated through the vesicoureteric junction into the bladder. Postoperative nephrostogram confirmed the diagnosis in all patients.

Conclusion: Children with double obstruction of the ipsilateral ureter present as a diagnostic dilemma. Because of the rarity of this condition it can escape the eye of even an astute clinician. Early diagnosis can be made if this condition is kept in mind while treating any hydronephrosis due to UPJO or UVJO.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus