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Immigration within European Union - Does health immigration make a difference in analgesic use?

Väänänen MH, Pietilä K, Airaksinen M - Pharm Pract (Granada) (2006)

Bottom Line: Our study indicates, that high amount of Finnish immigrants suffer from some degree of health problems and the health state factors have a large influence on the emigration into Spain.As this kind of trend might also exist among immigrants from other EU-nations, immigrants might burden the local Spanish health care services in the future.Therefore the Providers of health care services in immigrant areas should consider these trends in planning health care in the future.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Division of Social Pharmacy. Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Helsinki ( Finland ).

ABSTRACT

Unlabelled: European integration has facilitated the emigration inside Europe and it has been predicted that the amount of immigrants in Southern European countries will increase in the future. As these people age and their morbidity increases, they will demand more services from local health care than immigrants do at the moment. The aim of this study is to determine the amount of Finnish people who have moved to Spain for health reasons (health immigrants) and whether their health service and analgesic usage patterns differed from those of non-health immigrants.

Methods: This study was carried out among Finnish people living in Costa del Sol area, southern Spain. The data were collected by questionnaire during 2002 by using a convenience sample of 1,000 Finns living permanently in the area (response rate 53%, n=530). Statistical analyses were conducted using statistical software SPSS 11.5.

Results: Two-thirds of the respondents were categorised as health immigrants. Health immigrants were more often suffering from chronic morbidity, their perceived health status was poorer and they used public health services more often than the non-health immigrants. Half (50%) of the all respondents had used some analgesics during the two weeks before the survey. There were more analgesic users among the health immigrant group (54 % vs. 43 %, p = 0.034) and they also used analgesics more frequently than the non-health immigrants (27 % vs. 9 %, p= 0.020).

Conclusions: Our study indicates, that high amount of Finnish immigrants suffer from some degree of health problems and the health state factors have a large influence on the emigration into Spain. As this kind of trend might also exist among immigrants from other EU-nations, immigrants might burden the local Spanish health care services in the future. Therefore the Providers of health care services in immigrant areas should consider these trends in planning health care in the future.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The study design.
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Figure 1: The study design.

Mentions: This study was a part of a larger health and drug use study carried out among Finnish people living in Costa del Sol area, southern Spain (Figure 1). Data was collected in spring 2002 using a questionnaire that was distributed in two ways: half (500) of the questionnaires were dispensed with Finnish newspapers by mail and half through Finnish associations and outlets working in the region (Figure 1). These associations (e.g. churches, cafes, restaurants, societies) were instructed to deliver the questionnaires to people using their services. Participants were required to be Finnish adults living permanently in Spain. It is possible that some people received more than one questionnaire, though it is unlikely that the same person would have completed more than one questionnaire. The questionnaire was tested before the actual study on ten Finnish people living in Spain. This was done to enhance reliability by ascertaining that the questionnaire was unambiguous and simple to complete as well as being suitable for collecting the information needed. A total of 533 questionnaires out of 1,000 disseminated (53 %) were returned anonymously. Three were excluded because they were incomplete. Approximately, 3-4 percent of the Finnish population living in Spain participated in the study.


Immigration within European Union - Does health immigration make a difference in analgesic use?

Väänänen MH, Pietilä K, Airaksinen M - Pharm Pract (Granada) (2006)

The study design.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4155617&req=5

Figure 1: The study design.
Mentions: This study was a part of a larger health and drug use study carried out among Finnish people living in Costa del Sol area, southern Spain (Figure 1). Data was collected in spring 2002 using a questionnaire that was distributed in two ways: half (500) of the questionnaires were dispensed with Finnish newspapers by mail and half through Finnish associations and outlets working in the region (Figure 1). These associations (e.g. churches, cafes, restaurants, societies) were instructed to deliver the questionnaires to people using their services. Participants were required to be Finnish adults living permanently in Spain. It is possible that some people received more than one questionnaire, though it is unlikely that the same person would have completed more than one questionnaire. The questionnaire was tested before the actual study on ten Finnish people living in Spain. This was done to enhance reliability by ascertaining that the questionnaire was unambiguous and simple to complete as well as being suitable for collecting the information needed. A total of 533 questionnaires out of 1,000 disseminated (53 %) were returned anonymously. Three were excluded because they were incomplete. Approximately, 3-4 percent of the Finnish population living in Spain participated in the study.

Bottom Line: Our study indicates, that high amount of Finnish immigrants suffer from some degree of health problems and the health state factors have a large influence on the emigration into Spain.As this kind of trend might also exist among immigrants from other EU-nations, immigrants might burden the local Spanish health care services in the future.Therefore the Providers of health care services in immigrant areas should consider these trends in planning health care in the future.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Division of Social Pharmacy. Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Helsinki ( Finland ).

ABSTRACT

Unlabelled: European integration has facilitated the emigration inside Europe and it has been predicted that the amount of immigrants in Southern European countries will increase in the future. As these people age and their morbidity increases, they will demand more services from local health care than immigrants do at the moment. The aim of this study is to determine the amount of Finnish people who have moved to Spain for health reasons (health immigrants) and whether their health service and analgesic usage patterns differed from those of non-health immigrants.

Methods: This study was carried out among Finnish people living in Costa del Sol area, southern Spain. The data were collected by questionnaire during 2002 by using a convenience sample of 1,000 Finns living permanently in the area (response rate 53%, n=530). Statistical analyses were conducted using statistical software SPSS 11.5.

Results: Two-thirds of the respondents were categorised as health immigrants. Health immigrants were more often suffering from chronic morbidity, their perceived health status was poorer and they used public health services more often than the non-health immigrants. Half (50%) of the all respondents had used some analgesics during the two weeks before the survey. There were more analgesic users among the health immigrant group (54 % vs. 43 %, p = 0.034) and they also used analgesics more frequently than the non-health immigrants (27 % vs. 9 %, p= 0.020).

Conclusions: Our study indicates, that high amount of Finnish immigrants suffer from some degree of health problems and the health state factors have a large influence on the emigration into Spain. As this kind of trend might also exist among immigrants from other EU-nations, immigrants might burden the local Spanish health care services in the future. Therefore the Providers of health care services in immigrant areas should consider these trends in planning health care in the future.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus