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Cooking breakfast after a brain injury.

Tanguay AN, Davidson PS, Guerrero Nuñez KV, Ferland MB - Front Behav Neurosci (2014)

Bottom Line: Accurately assessing safety and proficiency in cooking is essential for successful community reintegration following ABI, but in vivo assessment of cooking by clinicians is time-consuming, costly, and difficult to standardize.As expected, the ABI patients had significant difficulty on all aspects of the Breakfast Task (failing to have all their foods ready at the same time, over- and under-cooking foods, setting fewer places at the table, and so on) relative to controls.These results indicate caution when endeavoring to replace traditional evaluation methods with computerized tasks for the sake of expediency.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Psychology, University of Ottawa Ottawa, ON, Canada.

ABSTRACT
Acquired brain injury (ABI) often compromises the ability to carry out instrumental activities of daily living such as cooking. ABI patients' difficulties with executive functions and memory result in less independent and efficient meal preparation. Accurately assessing safety and proficiency in cooking is essential for successful community reintegration following ABI, but in vivo assessment of cooking by clinicians is time-consuming, costly, and difficult to standardize. Accordingly, we examined the usefulness of a computerized meal preparation task (the Breakfast Task; Craik and Bialystok, 2006) as an indicator of real life meal preparation skills. Twenty-two ABI patients and 22 age-matched controls completed the Breakfast Task. Patients also completed the Rehabilitation Activities of Daily Living Survey (RADLS; Salmon, 2003) and prepared actual meals that were rated by members of the clinical team. As expected, the ABI patients had significant difficulty on all aspects of the Breakfast Task (failing to have all their foods ready at the same time, over- and under-cooking foods, setting fewer places at the table, and so on) relative to controls. Surprisingly, however, patients' Breakfast Task performance was not correlated with their in vivo meal preparation. These results indicate caution when endeavoring to replace traditional evaluation methods with computerized tasks for the sake of expediency.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The Breakfast Task versions. (A) The 1-screen version: The five foods and the table are shown on a single screen. (B,C) The 2-screen version: The five foods are shown on one screen and the table on a separate one. (B,D) The 6-screen version: The five foods and the table are shown on a separate screen.
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Figure 1: The Breakfast Task versions. (A) The 1-screen version: The five foods and the table are shown on a single screen. (B,C) The 2-screen version: The five foods are shown on one screen and the table on a separate one. (B,D) The 6-screen version: The five foods and the table are shown on a separate screen.

Mentions: To strike a balance between the advantages of standardization and experimental control inherent to traditional tests of executive functions and the intricate and varying demands placed on executive functions by real-world scenarios, Craik and Bialystok (2006) developed the Breakfast Task (from Kerr, 1991). It is a computerized simulation in which participants use a touch screen to virtually “cook” five foods (each requiring a different cooking time) and ensure that they are all ready at the same time, while simultaneously setting the places at a virtual table. The task has three levels of difficulty, each thought to place heavier demands on executive functioning than the previous level (a 1-screen version, in which all five foods and the table are shown on the same screen; a 2-screen version, in which the five foods are shown on one screen and the table on a separate one, requiring participants to switch between the two screens; and a 6-screen version, in which each of the five foods and the table are shown on a separate screen, requiring participants to switch among the six screens; Figure 1). Successful performance on the Breakfast Task (especially on the 6-screen version) requires participants to plan, multitask, hold different elements of one's plan and one's activities in mind while operating, monitor performance, and at times inhibit one behavior and switch to another. These are the hallmarks of executive functioning.


Cooking breakfast after a brain injury.

Tanguay AN, Davidson PS, Guerrero Nuñez KV, Ferland MB - Front Behav Neurosci (2014)

The Breakfast Task versions. (A) The 1-screen version: The five foods and the table are shown on a single screen. (B,C) The 2-screen version: The five foods are shown on one screen and the table on a separate one. (B,D) The 6-screen version: The five foods and the table are shown on a separate screen.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4151095&req=5

Figure 1: The Breakfast Task versions. (A) The 1-screen version: The five foods and the table are shown on a single screen. (B,C) The 2-screen version: The five foods are shown on one screen and the table on a separate one. (B,D) The 6-screen version: The five foods and the table are shown on a separate screen.
Mentions: To strike a balance between the advantages of standardization and experimental control inherent to traditional tests of executive functions and the intricate and varying demands placed on executive functions by real-world scenarios, Craik and Bialystok (2006) developed the Breakfast Task (from Kerr, 1991). It is a computerized simulation in which participants use a touch screen to virtually “cook” five foods (each requiring a different cooking time) and ensure that they are all ready at the same time, while simultaneously setting the places at a virtual table. The task has three levels of difficulty, each thought to place heavier demands on executive functioning than the previous level (a 1-screen version, in which all five foods and the table are shown on the same screen; a 2-screen version, in which the five foods are shown on one screen and the table on a separate one, requiring participants to switch between the two screens; and a 6-screen version, in which each of the five foods and the table are shown on a separate screen, requiring participants to switch among the six screens; Figure 1). Successful performance on the Breakfast Task (especially on the 6-screen version) requires participants to plan, multitask, hold different elements of one's plan and one's activities in mind while operating, monitor performance, and at times inhibit one behavior and switch to another. These are the hallmarks of executive functioning.

Bottom Line: Accurately assessing safety and proficiency in cooking is essential for successful community reintegration following ABI, but in vivo assessment of cooking by clinicians is time-consuming, costly, and difficult to standardize.As expected, the ABI patients had significant difficulty on all aspects of the Breakfast Task (failing to have all their foods ready at the same time, over- and under-cooking foods, setting fewer places at the table, and so on) relative to controls.These results indicate caution when endeavoring to replace traditional evaluation methods with computerized tasks for the sake of expediency.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Psychology, University of Ottawa Ottawa, ON, Canada.

ABSTRACT
Acquired brain injury (ABI) often compromises the ability to carry out instrumental activities of daily living such as cooking. ABI patients' difficulties with executive functions and memory result in less independent and efficient meal preparation. Accurately assessing safety and proficiency in cooking is essential for successful community reintegration following ABI, but in vivo assessment of cooking by clinicians is time-consuming, costly, and difficult to standardize. Accordingly, we examined the usefulness of a computerized meal preparation task (the Breakfast Task; Craik and Bialystok, 2006) as an indicator of real life meal preparation skills. Twenty-two ABI patients and 22 age-matched controls completed the Breakfast Task. Patients also completed the Rehabilitation Activities of Daily Living Survey (RADLS; Salmon, 2003) and prepared actual meals that were rated by members of the clinical team. As expected, the ABI patients had significant difficulty on all aspects of the Breakfast Task (failing to have all their foods ready at the same time, over- and under-cooking foods, setting fewer places at the table, and so on) relative to controls. Surprisingly, however, patients' Breakfast Task performance was not correlated with their in vivo meal preparation. These results indicate caution when endeavoring to replace traditional evaluation methods with computerized tasks for the sake of expediency.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus