Microtubules provide directional information for core PCP function.
Bottom Line: Consistent with previous results, we find that the Ft/Ds/Fj-module has an effect on a MT-cytoskeleton.We show Ft/Ds/Fj-dependent initial polarization of the apical MT-cytoskeleton prior to global alignment of the core-module, reveal that the anchoring of apical non-centrosomal MTs at apical junctions is polarized, observe that directional trafficking of vesicles containing Dsh depends on Ft, and demonstrate the feasibility of this model by mathematical simulation.Together, these results support the hypothesis that Ft/Ds/Fj provides a signal to orient core PCP function via MT polarization.
Affiliation: Department of Pathology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, United States email@example.com.Show MeSH
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Mentions: Distal (peripheral) polarity is independent of Ft function; polarity in this region may depend on a spatial signal perhaps originating from the wing margin. A candidate for this signal is the proposed redundant functions of Wnt4 and Wg. Both are expressed at the wing margin, combined loss-of-function produces a mild polarity phenotype, and overexpression of Wnt4 to a much greater extent than Wg perturbs hair polarity (Lawrence et al., 2002; Lim et al., 2005; Wu et al., 2013). Based on a cell culture assay, these Wnts were suggested to impact core PCP function by blocking interactions between Fz and Vang. However, our observation that a Ft independent signal might polarize MTs near the wing margin suggests that other possible mechanisms should be considered. Notably Wnt4 (but not Wg) overexpression reorganizes MTs (Figure 3—figure supplement 7), suggesting that a different possible mechanism for Wnt4 function should be entertained.
Affiliation: Department of Pathology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, United States firstname.lastname@example.org.