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Glycolysis in patients with age-related macular degeneration.

Yokosako K, Mimura T, Funatsu H, Noma H, Goto M, Kamei Y, Kondo A, Matsubara M - Open Ophthalmol J (2014)

Bottom Line: There were no significant differences of any of these glycolysis metabolites between the tAMD and PCV groups.Multivariate analysis revealed that none of the variables tested, including patient background factors (age, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, cerebrovascular disease, alcohol, smoking, visual acuity, and AMD phenotype), were significantly associated with the lactate/pyruvate ratio.A high lactate/pyruvate ratio is a well-known marker of mitochondrial impairment, and it indicates poor oxidative function in AMD.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Ophthalmology, Tokyo Women's Medical University Medical Center East, Tokyo, Japan.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Retinal adenosine triphosphate is mainly produced via glycolysis, so inhibition of glycolysis may promote the onset and progression of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). When glycolysis is inhibited, pyruvate is metabolized by lactic acid fermentation instead of entering the mitochondrial tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle. We measured urinary pyruvate and lactate levels in patients with AMD.

Methods: Eight patients with typical AMD (tAMD group) and 9 patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV group) were enrolled. Urinary levels of pyruvate, lactate, α-hydroxybutyrate, and β-hydroxybutyrate were measured in all patients.

Results: The mean urinary levels of pyruvate and lactate were 8.0 ± 2.8 and 7.5 ± 8.3 μg/mg creatinine (reference values: 0.5-6.6 and 0.0-1.6), respectively, with the mean increase over the reference value being 83.6 ± 51.1% and 426.5 ± 527.8%, respectively. In 12 patients (70.6%), the lactate/pyruvate ratio was above the reference range. Urinary levels of α-hydroxybutyrate and β-hydroxybutyrate were decreased by -31.9 ± 15.2% and -33.1 ± 17.5% compared with the mean reference values. There were no significant differences of any of these glycolysis metabolites between the tAMD and PCV groups. Multivariate analysis revealed that none of the variables tested, including patient background factors (age, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, cerebrovascular disease, alcohol, smoking, visual acuity, and AMD phenotype), were significantly associated with the lactate/pyruvate ratio.

Conclusion: A high lactate/pyruvate ratio is a well-known marker of mitochondrial impairment, and it indicates poor oxidative function in AMD. Our results suggest that increased lactate levels may be implicated in the pathogenesis of AMD.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Urinary α-hydroxybutyrate concentration and percent increase of β-hydroxybutyrate relative to the mean reference value.
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Figure 4: Urinary α-hydroxybutyrate concentration and percent increase of β-hydroxybutyrate relative to the mean reference value.

Mentions: The mean urinary concentration and percent increase of α-hydroxybutyrate were 0.6 ± 0.4 and -31.9 ± 15.2%, respectively (Table 2, Fig. 3). Finally, the mean urinary concentration and percent increase of β-hydroxybutyrate were 0.3 ± 0.3 and -33.1 ± 17.5%, respectively (Table 2, Fig. 4). Both α-hydroxybutyrate and β-hydroxybutyrate were within their reference ranges.


Glycolysis in patients with age-related macular degeneration.

Yokosako K, Mimura T, Funatsu H, Noma H, Goto M, Kamei Y, Kondo A, Matsubara M - Open Ophthalmol J (2014)

Urinary α-hydroxybutyrate concentration and percent increase of β-hydroxybutyrate relative to the mean reference value.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4150380&req=5

Figure 4: Urinary α-hydroxybutyrate concentration and percent increase of β-hydroxybutyrate relative to the mean reference value.
Mentions: The mean urinary concentration and percent increase of α-hydroxybutyrate were 0.6 ± 0.4 and -31.9 ± 15.2%, respectively (Table 2, Fig. 3). Finally, the mean urinary concentration and percent increase of β-hydroxybutyrate were 0.3 ± 0.3 and -33.1 ± 17.5%, respectively (Table 2, Fig. 4). Both α-hydroxybutyrate and β-hydroxybutyrate were within their reference ranges.

Bottom Line: There were no significant differences of any of these glycolysis metabolites between the tAMD and PCV groups.Multivariate analysis revealed that none of the variables tested, including patient background factors (age, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, cerebrovascular disease, alcohol, smoking, visual acuity, and AMD phenotype), were significantly associated with the lactate/pyruvate ratio.A high lactate/pyruvate ratio is a well-known marker of mitochondrial impairment, and it indicates poor oxidative function in AMD.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Ophthalmology, Tokyo Women's Medical University Medical Center East, Tokyo, Japan.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Retinal adenosine triphosphate is mainly produced via glycolysis, so inhibition of glycolysis may promote the onset and progression of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). When glycolysis is inhibited, pyruvate is metabolized by lactic acid fermentation instead of entering the mitochondrial tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle. We measured urinary pyruvate and lactate levels in patients with AMD.

Methods: Eight patients with typical AMD (tAMD group) and 9 patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV group) were enrolled. Urinary levels of pyruvate, lactate, α-hydroxybutyrate, and β-hydroxybutyrate were measured in all patients.

Results: The mean urinary levels of pyruvate and lactate were 8.0 ± 2.8 and 7.5 ± 8.3 μg/mg creatinine (reference values: 0.5-6.6 and 0.0-1.6), respectively, with the mean increase over the reference value being 83.6 ± 51.1% and 426.5 ± 527.8%, respectively. In 12 patients (70.6%), the lactate/pyruvate ratio was above the reference range. Urinary levels of α-hydroxybutyrate and β-hydroxybutyrate were decreased by -31.9 ± 15.2% and -33.1 ± 17.5% compared with the mean reference values. There were no significant differences of any of these glycolysis metabolites between the tAMD and PCV groups. Multivariate analysis revealed that none of the variables tested, including patient background factors (age, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, cerebrovascular disease, alcohol, smoking, visual acuity, and AMD phenotype), were significantly associated with the lactate/pyruvate ratio.

Conclusion: A high lactate/pyruvate ratio is a well-known marker of mitochondrial impairment, and it indicates poor oxidative function in AMD. Our results suggest that increased lactate levels may be implicated in the pathogenesis of AMD.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus