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Extracellular vesicle profiling and their use as potential disease specific biomarker.

Julich H, Willms A, Lukacs-Kornek V, Kornek M - Front Immunol (2014)

Bottom Line: Therefore EVs might serve as a novel inexpensive and minimally invasive method to screen risk patients for the outbreak of a disease even before the initial symptoms, to follow up treatment complications and disease relapse.Additionally, it will be discussed if the combination of EV profiling and miRNA profiling could be a future joint tool for the purpose of detecting cancer and from far larger interest to ultimately distinguish among various tumor entities.EVs might increase the chance of early detection of chronic diseases or cancers especially if applied as part of yearly health screenings in the future.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Medicine II, Saarland University Medical Center , Homburg , Germany.

ABSTRACT
Cell-derived vesicles in particular extracellular vesicles (EVs) such as microparticles (MPs) and microvesicles besides exosomes are raising more and more attention as a novel and unique approach to detect diseases. It has recently become apparent that disease specific MP signatures or profiles might be beneficial to differentiate chronic liver diseases such as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and chronic hepatitis C, to monitor their progression or possibly to assess treatment outcome. Therefore EVs might serve as a novel inexpensive and minimally invasive method to screen risk patients for the outbreak of a disease even before the initial symptoms, to follow up treatment complications and disease relapse. The purpose of the current review is to summarize already published EVs signatures for a limited number of exemplary diseases and to discuss their possible impact. Additionally, it will be discussed if the combination of EV profiling and miRNA profiling could be a future joint tool for the purpose of detecting cancer and from far larger interest to ultimately distinguish among various tumor entities. EVs might increase the chance of early detection of chronic diseases or cancers especially if applied as part of yearly health screenings in the future.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Workflow of current MP/MV profiling strategies. From less than 10 mL of blood sample first serum is prepared and subsequently MPs are isolated using ultracentrifugation and Annexin V enrichment. The isolation is followed by either a miRNA analysis of MP/MV content or FACS phenotyping using various surface marker combinations determining the underlying disease. The MP/MV profile generated this way could help health screening, diagnosis, and tumor differentiation.
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Figure 1: Workflow of current MP/MV profiling strategies. From less than 10 mL of blood sample first serum is prepared and subsequently MPs are isolated using ultracentrifugation and Annexin V enrichment. The isolation is followed by either a miRNA analysis of MP/MV content or FACS phenotyping using various surface marker combinations determining the underlying disease. The MP/MV profile generated this way could help health screening, diagnosis, and tumor differentiation.

Mentions: Another and an even more doable application might be screening treatment response and outcome by EV profiling. Ideal would be a normalization of the EV disease profile toward an EV profile of healthy subjects during a positive treatment response separating responders from non-responders. Additionally, still speculative, a negative treatment response mirrored by an unchanged EV profile would give the chance to re-review treatment strategy. In accordance with these hypotheses, Shao and colleagues showed that MV protein typing, not EV profiling by surface markers, was successfully used as a predictive metric of treatment-induced changes (30). Nevertheless, how EVs will be characterized, if by their content or by their surface markers (Figure 1), EV isolation, their identification, and quantification must be simplified and standardized. Recently, a first step has been done toward simplifying MPs isolation by using Miltenyi Annexin V beads to capture MPs in body fluids recovering them in equal numbers as done previously by differential ultracentrifugation (31).


Extracellular vesicle profiling and their use as potential disease specific biomarker.

Julich H, Willms A, Lukacs-Kornek V, Kornek M - Front Immunol (2014)

Workflow of current MP/MV profiling strategies. From less than 10 mL of blood sample first serum is prepared and subsequently MPs are isolated using ultracentrifugation and Annexin V enrichment. The isolation is followed by either a miRNA analysis of MP/MV content or FACS phenotyping using various surface marker combinations determining the underlying disease. The MP/MV profile generated this way could help health screening, diagnosis, and tumor differentiation.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4150251&req=5

Figure 1: Workflow of current MP/MV profiling strategies. From less than 10 mL of blood sample first serum is prepared and subsequently MPs are isolated using ultracentrifugation and Annexin V enrichment. The isolation is followed by either a miRNA analysis of MP/MV content or FACS phenotyping using various surface marker combinations determining the underlying disease. The MP/MV profile generated this way could help health screening, diagnosis, and tumor differentiation.
Mentions: Another and an even more doable application might be screening treatment response and outcome by EV profiling. Ideal would be a normalization of the EV disease profile toward an EV profile of healthy subjects during a positive treatment response separating responders from non-responders. Additionally, still speculative, a negative treatment response mirrored by an unchanged EV profile would give the chance to re-review treatment strategy. In accordance with these hypotheses, Shao and colleagues showed that MV protein typing, not EV profiling by surface markers, was successfully used as a predictive metric of treatment-induced changes (30). Nevertheless, how EVs will be characterized, if by their content or by their surface markers (Figure 1), EV isolation, their identification, and quantification must be simplified and standardized. Recently, a first step has been done toward simplifying MPs isolation by using Miltenyi Annexin V beads to capture MPs in body fluids recovering them in equal numbers as done previously by differential ultracentrifugation (31).

Bottom Line: Therefore EVs might serve as a novel inexpensive and minimally invasive method to screen risk patients for the outbreak of a disease even before the initial symptoms, to follow up treatment complications and disease relapse.Additionally, it will be discussed if the combination of EV profiling and miRNA profiling could be a future joint tool for the purpose of detecting cancer and from far larger interest to ultimately distinguish among various tumor entities.EVs might increase the chance of early detection of chronic diseases or cancers especially if applied as part of yearly health screenings in the future.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Medicine II, Saarland University Medical Center , Homburg , Germany.

ABSTRACT
Cell-derived vesicles in particular extracellular vesicles (EVs) such as microparticles (MPs) and microvesicles besides exosomes are raising more and more attention as a novel and unique approach to detect diseases. It has recently become apparent that disease specific MP signatures or profiles might be beneficial to differentiate chronic liver diseases such as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and chronic hepatitis C, to monitor their progression or possibly to assess treatment outcome. Therefore EVs might serve as a novel inexpensive and minimally invasive method to screen risk patients for the outbreak of a disease even before the initial symptoms, to follow up treatment complications and disease relapse. The purpose of the current review is to summarize already published EVs signatures for a limited number of exemplary diseases and to discuss their possible impact. Additionally, it will be discussed if the combination of EV profiling and miRNA profiling could be a future joint tool for the purpose of detecting cancer and from far larger interest to ultimately distinguish among various tumor entities. EVs might increase the chance of early detection of chronic diseases or cancers especially if applied as part of yearly health screenings in the future.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus