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Traditional chinese medicine prescriptions enhance growth performance of heat stressed beef cattle by relieving heat stress responses and increasing apparent nutrient digestibility.

Song X, Luo J, Fu D, Zhao X, Bunlue K, Xu Z, Qu M - Asian-australas. J. Anim. Sci. (2014)

Bottom Line: Serum T3 and T4 levels with TCM I and TCM II treatments elevated (p<0.05), and serum cortisol levels of TCM I treatments decreased (p<0.05), compared with the HTC group.Total protein, albumin, globulin in TCM II treatments elevated and blood urea nitrogen levels of both TCM treatments increased, but glucose levels of both TCM treatments decreased, compared with the HTC group (p<0.05).Average daily feed intake was not different among three groups, however average daily gain increased and the feed:gain ratio decreased with both TCM treatments, compared with the HTC group (p<0.05).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Veterinary Science, Mahidol University, Phutthamonthon, Nakhon Pathom 73170, Thailand .

ABSTRACT
The present aim was to investigate the effects of traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions (TCM) on body temperature, blood physiological parameters, nutrient apparent digestibility and growth performance of beef cattle under heat stress conditions. Twenty-seven beef cattle were randomly divided into three groups as following; i) high temperature control (HTC), ii) traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions I+high temperature (TCM I) and iii) traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions II+high temperature (TCM II) (n = 9 per group). The results showed that the mean body temperature declined in TCM II treatment (p<0.05). Serum T3 and T4 levels with TCM I and TCM II treatments elevated (p<0.05), and serum cortisol levels of TCM I treatments decreased (p<0.05), compared with the HTC group. Total protein, albumin, globulin in TCM II treatments elevated and blood urea nitrogen levels of both TCM treatments increased, but glucose levels of both TCM treatments decreased, compared with the HTC group (p<0.05). The apparent digestibility of organic matter and crude protein with TCM I treatment increased, and the apparent digestibility of acid detergent fiber elevated in both TCM treatments (p<0.05). Average daily feed intake was not different among three groups, however average daily gain increased and the feed:gain ratio decreased with both TCM treatments, compared with the HTC group (p<0.05). The present results suggest that dietary supplementation with TCM I or TCM II improves growth performance of heat stressed beef cattle by relieving heat stress responses and increasing nutrient apparent digestibility.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Daily changes of the temperature and humidity indexes (THI) at different hours during summer months in South China
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f1-ajas-27-10-1513: Daily changes of the temperature and humidity indexes (THI) at different hours during summer months in South China

Mentions: The average daily THI values during the experimental period were higher than 79 for 55 out of 60 days. Daily changes of THI values at 08:00, 14:00, and 22:00 hrs during the experimental period are presented in Figure 1. There was no differences of body temperature between HTC and TCM I groups observed during the experiment period (p>0.05). Dietary supplementation with TCM II showed a significant decline of body temperature on day 20 (p<0.05) but no significant difference of body temperature was recorded on days 40 and 60, compared with HTC group. Changes of body temperature of all groups are presented in Figure 2.


Traditional chinese medicine prescriptions enhance growth performance of heat stressed beef cattle by relieving heat stress responses and increasing apparent nutrient digestibility.

Song X, Luo J, Fu D, Zhao X, Bunlue K, Xu Z, Qu M - Asian-australas. J. Anim. Sci. (2014)

Daily changes of the temperature and humidity indexes (THI) at different hours during summer months in South China
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4150185&req=5

f1-ajas-27-10-1513: Daily changes of the temperature and humidity indexes (THI) at different hours during summer months in South China
Mentions: The average daily THI values during the experimental period were higher than 79 for 55 out of 60 days. Daily changes of THI values at 08:00, 14:00, and 22:00 hrs during the experimental period are presented in Figure 1. There was no differences of body temperature between HTC and TCM I groups observed during the experiment period (p>0.05). Dietary supplementation with TCM II showed a significant decline of body temperature on day 20 (p<0.05) but no significant difference of body temperature was recorded on days 40 and 60, compared with HTC group. Changes of body temperature of all groups are presented in Figure 2.

Bottom Line: Serum T3 and T4 levels with TCM I and TCM II treatments elevated (p<0.05), and serum cortisol levels of TCM I treatments decreased (p<0.05), compared with the HTC group.Total protein, albumin, globulin in TCM II treatments elevated and blood urea nitrogen levels of both TCM treatments increased, but glucose levels of both TCM treatments decreased, compared with the HTC group (p<0.05).Average daily feed intake was not different among three groups, however average daily gain increased and the feed:gain ratio decreased with both TCM treatments, compared with the HTC group (p<0.05).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Veterinary Science, Mahidol University, Phutthamonthon, Nakhon Pathom 73170, Thailand .

ABSTRACT
The present aim was to investigate the effects of traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions (TCM) on body temperature, blood physiological parameters, nutrient apparent digestibility and growth performance of beef cattle under heat stress conditions. Twenty-seven beef cattle were randomly divided into three groups as following; i) high temperature control (HTC), ii) traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions I+high temperature (TCM I) and iii) traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions II+high temperature (TCM II) (n = 9 per group). The results showed that the mean body temperature declined in TCM II treatment (p<0.05). Serum T3 and T4 levels with TCM I and TCM II treatments elevated (p<0.05), and serum cortisol levels of TCM I treatments decreased (p<0.05), compared with the HTC group. Total protein, albumin, globulin in TCM II treatments elevated and blood urea nitrogen levels of both TCM treatments increased, but glucose levels of both TCM treatments decreased, compared with the HTC group (p<0.05). The apparent digestibility of organic matter and crude protein with TCM I treatment increased, and the apparent digestibility of acid detergent fiber elevated in both TCM treatments (p<0.05). Average daily feed intake was not different among three groups, however average daily gain increased and the feed:gain ratio decreased with both TCM treatments, compared with the HTC group (p<0.05). The present results suggest that dietary supplementation with TCM I or TCM II improves growth performance of heat stressed beef cattle by relieving heat stress responses and increasing nutrient apparent digestibility.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus