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Testing for the endogenous nature between women's empowerment and antenatal health care utilization: evidence from a cross-sectional study in Egypt.

Zaky HH, Armanious DM, Hussein MA - Biomed Res Int (2014)

Bottom Line: The findings show that women's empowerment and receiving regular antenatal care are simultaneously determined and the recursive bivariate probit is a better approximation to the relationship between them.Women's empowerment has significant and positive impact on receiving regular antenatal care.The availability and quality of health services do significantly increase the likelihood of receiving regular antenatal care.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Humanities and Social Sciences, The American University in Cairo and Social Research Center of The American University in Cairo, New Cairo 11835, Egypt ; Department of Statistics, Faculty of Economics and Political Science, Cairo University, Giza 12613, Egypt.

ABSTRACT
Women's relative lack of decision-making power and their unequal access to employment, finances, education, basic health care, and other resources are considered to be the root causes of their ill-health and that of their children. The main purpose of this paper is to examine the interactive relation between women's empowerment and the use of maternal health care. Two model specifications are tested. One assumes no correlation between empowerment and antenatal care while the second specification allows for correlation. Both the univariate and the recursive bivariate probit models are tested. The data used in this study is EDHS 2008. Factor Analysis Technique is also used to construct some of the explanatory variables such as the availability and quality of health services indicators. The findings show that women's empowerment and receiving regular antenatal care are simultaneously determined and the recursive bivariate probit is a better approximation to the relationship between them. Women's empowerment has significant and positive impact on receiving regular antenatal care. The availability and quality of health services do significantly increase the likelihood of receiving regular antenatal care.

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Summary results of the recursive bivariate model.
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fig1: Summary results of the recursive bivariate model.

Mentions: The results indicate that exposure to the media significantly increases the likelihood of women's empowerment. Table 3 shows that women who are reading newspapers or watching television are more likely to get involved into decision-making processes, compared with women who are not reading newspapers or watching television. Figure 1 summarizes the basic results of the recursive bivariate model.


Testing for the endogenous nature between women's empowerment and antenatal health care utilization: evidence from a cross-sectional study in Egypt.

Zaky HH, Armanious DM, Hussein MA - Biomed Res Int (2014)

Summary results of the recursive bivariate model.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4129960&req=5

fig1: Summary results of the recursive bivariate model.
Mentions: The results indicate that exposure to the media significantly increases the likelihood of women's empowerment. Table 3 shows that women who are reading newspapers or watching television are more likely to get involved into decision-making processes, compared with women who are not reading newspapers or watching television. Figure 1 summarizes the basic results of the recursive bivariate model.

Bottom Line: The findings show that women's empowerment and receiving regular antenatal care are simultaneously determined and the recursive bivariate probit is a better approximation to the relationship between them.Women's empowerment has significant and positive impact on receiving regular antenatal care.The availability and quality of health services do significantly increase the likelihood of receiving regular antenatal care.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Humanities and Social Sciences, The American University in Cairo and Social Research Center of The American University in Cairo, New Cairo 11835, Egypt ; Department of Statistics, Faculty of Economics and Political Science, Cairo University, Giza 12613, Egypt.

ABSTRACT
Women's relative lack of decision-making power and their unequal access to employment, finances, education, basic health care, and other resources are considered to be the root causes of their ill-health and that of their children. The main purpose of this paper is to examine the interactive relation between women's empowerment and the use of maternal health care. Two model specifications are tested. One assumes no correlation between empowerment and antenatal care while the second specification allows for correlation. Both the univariate and the recursive bivariate probit models are tested. The data used in this study is EDHS 2008. Factor Analysis Technique is also used to construct some of the explanatory variables such as the availability and quality of health services indicators. The findings show that women's empowerment and receiving regular antenatal care are simultaneously determined and the recursive bivariate probit is a better approximation to the relationship between them. Women's empowerment has significant and positive impact on receiving regular antenatal care. The availability and quality of health services do significantly increase the likelihood of receiving regular antenatal care.

Show MeSH