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Effect of metoprolol on myocardial apoptosis after coronary microembolization in rats.

Su Q, Li L, Liu YC, Zhou Y, Wen WM - World J Emerg Med (2013)

Bottom Line: Echocardiographic parameters displayed that the metoprolol group improved cardiac function significantly compared with the CME group (P<0.05).The myocardial apoptotic rate of the CME group as well as the contents of activated caspase-3 increased significantly (P<0.05), both of which were ameliorated significantly by metoprolol treatment (P<0.05).These results suggest that the inhibition of apoptosis can be a potential therapeutic strategy for the treatment of CME.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning 530021, China.

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronary microembolization (CME) is a serious complication following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with acute coronary syndromes. The use of metoprolol before PCI can significantly protect ischemic myocardium from myocardial damage, but the function of metoprolol in the treatment of CME is not entirely clear. This study was to explore the effect and significance of metoprolol on myocardial apoptosis and caspase-3 activation after CME in rats.

Methods: Thirty rats were randomly divided into three groups including sham-operation (control group), CME plus saline (CME group), CME plus metoprolol (metoprolol group), 10 rats for each group. The CME group was induced by injecting 3 000 polyethylene microspheres (42 μm) into the left ventricle during a 10-second occlusion of the ascending aorta; the control group was injected with physiological saline instead of microembolization ball; the metoprolol or saline group was given three intravenous bolus injections before CME. Echocardiography, TUNEL staining, and Western blotting were used to evaluate cardiac function, proportion of apoptotic cells and activation of caspase-3 respectively at 6 hours after operation.

Results: Echocardiographic parameters displayed that the metoprolol group improved cardiac function significantly compared with the CME group (P<0.05). The myocardial apoptotic rate of the CME group as well as the contents of activated caspase-3 increased significantly (P<0.05), both of which were ameliorated significantly by metoprolol treatment (P<0.05).

Conclusions: This study demonstrates that metoprolol can protect the myocardium during CME in rats by inhibiting apoptosis and improving cardiac function. These results suggest that the inhibition of apoptosis can be a potential therapeutic strategy for the treatment of CME.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Histopathology of post-CME myocardial microinfarcts. HE staining of tissue samples from the coronary microembolization group revealed myocardial microinfarcts with a low level of inflammatory cell infiltration. However, a portion of cardiomyocyte nuclei is not visible. The arrow indicates the presence of a 42 μm microsphere following the experimental protocol (HE staining, original magnification×400).
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Figure 1: Histopathology of post-CME myocardial microinfarcts. HE staining of tissue samples from the coronary microembolization group revealed myocardial microinfarcts with a low level of inflammatory cell infiltration. However, a portion of cardiomyocyte nuclei is not visible. The arrow indicates the presence of a 42 μm microsphere following the experimental protocol (HE staining, original magnification×400).

Mentions: Microspheres were injected directly into the coronary arteries, and effective CME was evident by histology (Figure 1). However, there was no significant difference (P>0.05) in myocardial infarct size in the metoprolol group compared with the CME group (Figure 2). Infarct areas in the CME and metoprolol groups were 8.32±3.27 and 7.98±2.72, respectively, indicating that metoprolol treatment has no significant effect on myocardial infarction size caused by CME in rats.


Effect of metoprolol on myocardial apoptosis after coronary microembolization in rats.

Su Q, Li L, Liu YC, Zhou Y, Wen WM - World J Emerg Med (2013)

Histopathology of post-CME myocardial microinfarcts. HE staining of tissue samples from the coronary microembolization group revealed myocardial microinfarcts with a low level of inflammatory cell infiltration. However, a portion of cardiomyocyte nuclei is not visible. The arrow indicates the presence of a 42 μm microsphere following the experimental protocol (HE staining, original magnification×400).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4129839&req=5

Figure 1: Histopathology of post-CME myocardial microinfarcts. HE staining of tissue samples from the coronary microembolization group revealed myocardial microinfarcts with a low level of inflammatory cell infiltration. However, a portion of cardiomyocyte nuclei is not visible. The arrow indicates the presence of a 42 μm microsphere following the experimental protocol (HE staining, original magnification×400).
Mentions: Microspheres were injected directly into the coronary arteries, and effective CME was evident by histology (Figure 1). However, there was no significant difference (P>0.05) in myocardial infarct size in the metoprolol group compared with the CME group (Figure 2). Infarct areas in the CME and metoprolol groups were 8.32±3.27 and 7.98±2.72, respectively, indicating that metoprolol treatment has no significant effect on myocardial infarction size caused by CME in rats.

Bottom Line: Echocardiographic parameters displayed that the metoprolol group improved cardiac function significantly compared with the CME group (P<0.05).The myocardial apoptotic rate of the CME group as well as the contents of activated caspase-3 increased significantly (P<0.05), both of which were ameliorated significantly by metoprolol treatment (P<0.05).These results suggest that the inhibition of apoptosis can be a potential therapeutic strategy for the treatment of CME.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning 530021, China.

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronary microembolization (CME) is a serious complication following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with acute coronary syndromes. The use of metoprolol before PCI can significantly protect ischemic myocardium from myocardial damage, but the function of metoprolol in the treatment of CME is not entirely clear. This study was to explore the effect and significance of metoprolol on myocardial apoptosis and caspase-3 activation after CME in rats.

Methods: Thirty rats were randomly divided into three groups including sham-operation (control group), CME plus saline (CME group), CME plus metoprolol (metoprolol group), 10 rats for each group. The CME group was induced by injecting 3 000 polyethylene microspheres (42 μm) into the left ventricle during a 10-second occlusion of the ascending aorta; the control group was injected with physiological saline instead of microembolization ball; the metoprolol or saline group was given three intravenous bolus injections before CME. Echocardiography, TUNEL staining, and Western blotting were used to evaluate cardiac function, proportion of apoptotic cells and activation of caspase-3 respectively at 6 hours after operation.

Results: Echocardiographic parameters displayed that the metoprolol group improved cardiac function significantly compared with the CME group (P<0.05). The myocardial apoptotic rate of the CME group as well as the contents of activated caspase-3 increased significantly (P<0.05), both of which were ameliorated significantly by metoprolol treatment (P<0.05).

Conclusions: This study demonstrates that metoprolol can protect the myocardium during CME in rats by inhibiting apoptosis and improving cardiac function. These results suggest that the inhibition of apoptosis can be a potential therapeutic strategy for the treatment of CME.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus