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Comparative assessment of public opinion on the landscape quality of two biosphere reserves in Europe.

Sowińska-Świerkosz B, Chmielewski TJ - Environ Manage (2014)

Bottom Line: In Poland, the implementation of the LQO concept was first undertaken in two regions with radically different landscape characteristics: (1) the West Polesie Biosphere Reserve and (2) the selected protected areas of the Roztocze-Solska Forest, nominated to the rank of a biosphere reserve.The first stage of the presented study was the recognition of public opinion on the quality of key features of landscape, based on a questionnaire (n = 470).The conducted comparative assessment revealed that it is possible to define a set of features fundamental to the quality of both areas and that representatives of local communities pointed out the same threats to the natural and cultural values of both regions investigated.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Landscape Ecology and Nature Conservation, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Dobrzańskiego 37, 20-262, Lublin, Poland, barbara.sowinska@wp.pl.

ABSTRACT
The European Landscape Convention (2000) obligates European Union countries to identify and implement landscape quality objectives (LQOs) understood as the specification of public expectations and preferences concerning the landscape of a given area, expressed by competent public authorities. The convention emphasizes the important role of local community representatives in this field. In Poland, the implementation of the LQO concept was first undertaken in two regions with radically different landscape characteristics: (1) the West Polesie Biosphere Reserve and (2) the selected protected areas of the Roztocze-Solska Forest, nominated to the rank of a biosphere reserve. The first stage of the presented study was the recognition of public opinion on the quality of key features of landscape, based on a questionnaire (n = 470). The primary objective of the study was to provide an answer to the following questions: (1) Whether similar social expectations regarding landscape quality exist in spite of radically different landscape characteristics of the regions investigated (landscape quality is understood as spatial arrangement, scenic beauty, and lack of environmental pollution); (2) which landscape features are considered to be most preservation worthy by the representatives of both local communities; and (3) What processes or development impacts pose the greatest threat to the landscape quality of both regions according to the public opinion? The conducted comparative assessment revealed that it is possible to define a set of features fundamental to the quality of both areas and that representatives of local communities pointed out the same threats to the natural and cultural values of both regions investigated.

Show MeSH
Threat Rank Index (ThRI) values given to each landscape component by representatives of the local communities of the West Polesie BR and the future Roztocze–Solska Forest BR
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Related In: Results  -  Collection


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Fig6: Threat Rank Index (ThRI) values given to each landscape component by representatives of the local communities of the West Polesie BR and the future Roztocze–Solska Forest BR

Mentions: The comparative assessment of public opinion regarding major landscape threats revealed that despite the variety of classes and types of natural landscapes, the environment of both BRs under study is in most cases subject to the same development forces. In the opinion of representatives from both regions, the highest ThRI values concern transformation of aquatic–meadow ecosystems, land use changes, and disappearance of typical elements of cultural heritage, particularly traditional forms of rural architecture (Fig. 6, values 5, 6, or 7). The lowest Threat Rank Index values concern endangerment of flora and fauna, as well as field ecosystems (values 1, 2, or 3). Comparison of these results with Total Feature Importance Index values reveals certain similarities. Elements such as cultural heritage and aquatic–meadow ecosystems, considered particularly vulnerable by the participants, were also highly rated as important to the character of the landscape of both regions. According to public opinion, the feature referred to as fauna and flora and its endangerment received a very low rating.Fig. 6


Comparative assessment of public opinion on the landscape quality of two biosphere reserves in Europe.

Sowińska-Świerkosz B, Chmielewski TJ - Environ Manage (2014)

Threat Rank Index (ThRI) values given to each landscape component by representatives of the local communities of the West Polesie BR and the future Roztocze–Solska Forest BR
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4129239&req=5

Fig6: Threat Rank Index (ThRI) values given to each landscape component by representatives of the local communities of the West Polesie BR and the future Roztocze–Solska Forest BR
Mentions: The comparative assessment of public opinion regarding major landscape threats revealed that despite the variety of classes and types of natural landscapes, the environment of both BRs under study is in most cases subject to the same development forces. In the opinion of representatives from both regions, the highest ThRI values concern transformation of aquatic–meadow ecosystems, land use changes, and disappearance of typical elements of cultural heritage, particularly traditional forms of rural architecture (Fig. 6, values 5, 6, or 7). The lowest Threat Rank Index values concern endangerment of flora and fauna, as well as field ecosystems (values 1, 2, or 3). Comparison of these results with Total Feature Importance Index values reveals certain similarities. Elements such as cultural heritage and aquatic–meadow ecosystems, considered particularly vulnerable by the participants, were also highly rated as important to the character of the landscape of both regions. According to public opinion, the feature referred to as fauna and flora and its endangerment received a very low rating.Fig. 6

Bottom Line: In Poland, the implementation of the LQO concept was first undertaken in two regions with radically different landscape characteristics: (1) the West Polesie Biosphere Reserve and (2) the selected protected areas of the Roztocze-Solska Forest, nominated to the rank of a biosphere reserve.The first stage of the presented study was the recognition of public opinion on the quality of key features of landscape, based on a questionnaire (n = 470).The conducted comparative assessment revealed that it is possible to define a set of features fundamental to the quality of both areas and that representatives of local communities pointed out the same threats to the natural and cultural values of both regions investigated.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Landscape Ecology and Nature Conservation, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Dobrzańskiego 37, 20-262, Lublin, Poland, barbara.sowinska@wp.pl.

ABSTRACT
The European Landscape Convention (2000) obligates European Union countries to identify and implement landscape quality objectives (LQOs) understood as the specification of public expectations and preferences concerning the landscape of a given area, expressed by competent public authorities. The convention emphasizes the important role of local community representatives in this field. In Poland, the implementation of the LQO concept was first undertaken in two regions with radically different landscape characteristics: (1) the West Polesie Biosphere Reserve and (2) the selected protected areas of the Roztocze-Solska Forest, nominated to the rank of a biosphere reserve. The first stage of the presented study was the recognition of public opinion on the quality of key features of landscape, based on a questionnaire (n = 470). The primary objective of the study was to provide an answer to the following questions: (1) Whether similar social expectations regarding landscape quality exist in spite of radically different landscape characteristics of the regions investigated (landscape quality is understood as spatial arrangement, scenic beauty, and lack of environmental pollution); (2) which landscape features are considered to be most preservation worthy by the representatives of both local communities; and (3) What processes or development impacts pose the greatest threat to the landscape quality of both regions according to the public opinion? The conducted comparative assessment revealed that it is possible to define a set of features fundamental to the quality of both areas and that representatives of local communities pointed out the same threats to the natural and cultural values of both regions investigated.

Show MeSH