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A comparison of tablet computer and paper-based questionnaires in healthy aging research.

Fanning J, McAuley E - JMIR Res Protoc (2014)

Bottom Line: A nonparametric one-sample binomial test indicated a significantly greater proportion of individuals preferred the tablet-delivered questionnaires (z=4.96, SE 3.428, P<.001).Participants most frequently reported that the tablet delivery increased speed of use and improved data entry, although navigation was perceived as being more difficult.This study provides preliminary evidence suggesting that questionnaires delivered to older adults using contemporary tablet computers may be acceptable and do not substantively influence the content of the collected data.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Exercise Psychology Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, United States. fanning4@illinois.edu.

ABSTRACT

Background: Digital questionnaire delivery offers many advantages to investigators and participants alike; however, evidence supporting digital questionnaire delivery via touchscreen device in the older adult population is lacking.

Objective: The objective of this study was to compare the use of tablet computer-delivered and printed questionnaires as vehicles for the collection of psychosocial data from older adults to determine whether this digital platform would be readily adopted by the sample, and to identify whether tablet delivery influences the content of data received.

Methods: The participants completed three questionnaires using both delivery methods, followed by a brief evaluation.

Results: A nonparametric one-sample binomial test indicated a significantly greater proportion of individuals preferred the tablet-delivered questionnaires (z=4.96, SE 3.428, P<.001). Paired sample t tests and Wilcoxon sign-rank tests indicated that measures collected by each method were not significantly different (all P≥.273). Ease of use of the tablet interface and anxiety while completing the digital questionnaires were significantly correlated with preferences, (rs=.665, P<.001 and rs=.552, P<.001, respectively). Participants most frequently reported that the tablet delivery increased speed of use and improved data entry, although navigation was perceived as being more difficult. By comparison, participants felt that the paper packet was easier to read and navigate, but was slow and cumbersome, and they disliked the lack of dynamic features.

Conclusions: This study provides preliminary evidence suggesting that questionnaires delivered to older adults using contemporary tablet computers may be acceptable and do not substantively influence the content of the collected data.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Sample questionnaire with follow-up items.
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figure3: Sample questionnaire with follow-up items.

Mentions: To further enhance clarity, each questionnaire displayed only appropriate information when presenting conditional items. For example, when asking a question about the frequency with which participants engaged in walking behaviors, possible choices included: (1) Never (Skip to next question), (2) Seldom (1-2 Days), (3) Sometimes (3-4 days), or (4) Often (5-7 days). While the question remained unanswered or if the participant chose “Never”, the questionnaire only displayed the next question (Figure 2 shows a screenshot of this display). Should one of the remaining three options be selected, a follow-up question was displayed asking about the number of hours per day spent doing the activity (Figure 3 shows a screenshot of this display). This was intended to reduce confusion and errors associated with incorrectly answering conditional questions (eg, answering follow-up questions when not applicable).


A comparison of tablet computer and paper-based questionnaires in healthy aging research.

Fanning J, McAuley E - JMIR Res Protoc (2014)

Sample questionnaire with follow-up items.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4129113&req=5

figure3: Sample questionnaire with follow-up items.
Mentions: To further enhance clarity, each questionnaire displayed only appropriate information when presenting conditional items. For example, when asking a question about the frequency with which participants engaged in walking behaviors, possible choices included: (1) Never (Skip to next question), (2) Seldom (1-2 Days), (3) Sometimes (3-4 days), or (4) Often (5-7 days). While the question remained unanswered or if the participant chose “Never”, the questionnaire only displayed the next question (Figure 2 shows a screenshot of this display). Should one of the remaining three options be selected, a follow-up question was displayed asking about the number of hours per day spent doing the activity (Figure 3 shows a screenshot of this display). This was intended to reduce confusion and errors associated with incorrectly answering conditional questions (eg, answering follow-up questions when not applicable).

Bottom Line: A nonparametric one-sample binomial test indicated a significantly greater proportion of individuals preferred the tablet-delivered questionnaires (z=4.96, SE 3.428, P<.001).Participants most frequently reported that the tablet delivery increased speed of use and improved data entry, although navigation was perceived as being more difficult.This study provides preliminary evidence suggesting that questionnaires delivered to older adults using contemporary tablet computers may be acceptable and do not substantively influence the content of the collected data.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Exercise Psychology Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, United States. fanning4@illinois.edu.

ABSTRACT

Background: Digital questionnaire delivery offers many advantages to investigators and participants alike; however, evidence supporting digital questionnaire delivery via touchscreen device in the older adult population is lacking.

Objective: The objective of this study was to compare the use of tablet computer-delivered and printed questionnaires as vehicles for the collection of psychosocial data from older adults to determine whether this digital platform would be readily adopted by the sample, and to identify whether tablet delivery influences the content of data received.

Methods: The participants completed three questionnaires using both delivery methods, followed by a brief evaluation.

Results: A nonparametric one-sample binomial test indicated a significantly greater proportion of individuals preferred the tablet-delivered questionnaires (z=4.96, SE 3.428, P<.001). Paired sample t tests and Wilcoxon sign-rank tests indicated that measures collected by each method were not significantly different (all P≥.273). Ease of use of the tablet interface and anxiety while completing the digital questionnaires were significantly correlated with preferences, (rs=.665, P<.001 and rs=.552, P<.001, respectively). Participants most frequently reported that the tablet delivery increased speed of use and improved data entry, although navigation was perceived as being more difficult. By comparison, participants felt that the paper packet was easier to read and navigate, but was slow and cumbersome, and they disliked the lack of dynamic features.

Conclusions: This study provides preliminary evidence suggesting that questionnaires delivered to older adults using contemporary tablet computers may be acceptable and do not substantively influence the content of the collected data.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus