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A comparison of tablet computer and paper-based questionnaires in healthy aging research.

Fanning J, McAuley E - JMIR Res Protoc (2014)

Bottom Line: A nonparametric one-sample binomial test indicated a significantly greater proportion of individuals preferred the tablet-delivered questionnaires (z=4.96, SE 3.428, P<.001).Participants most frequently reported that the tablet delivery increased speed of use and improved data entry, although navigation was perceived as being more difficult.This study provides preliminary evidence suggesting that questionnaires delivered to older adults using contemporary tablet computers may be acceptable and do not substantively influence the content of the collected data.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Exercise Psychology Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, United States. fanning4@illinois.edu.

ABSTRACT

Background: Digital questionnaire delivery offers many advantages to investigators and participants alike; however, evidence supporting digital questionnaire delivery via touchscreen device in the older adult population is lacking.

Objective: The objective of this study was to compare the use of tablet computer-delivered and printed questionnaires as vehicles for the collection of psychosocial data from older adults to determine whether this digital platform would be readily adopted by the sample, and to identify whether tablet delivery influences the content of data received.

Methods: The participants completed three questionnaires using both delivery methods, followed by a brief evaluation.

Results: A nonparametric one-sample binomial test indicated a significantly greater proportion of individuals preferred the tablet-delivered questionnaires (z=4.96, SE 3.428, P<.001). Paired sample t tests and Wilcoxon sign-rank tests indicated that measures collected by each method were not significantly different (all P≥.273). Ease of use of the tablet interface and anxiety while completing the digital questionnaires were significantly correlated with preferences, (rs=.665, P<.001 and rs=.552, P<.001, respectively). Participants most frequently reported that the tablet delivery increased speed of use and improved data entry, although navigation was perceived as being more difficult. By comparison, participants felt that the paper packet was easier to read and navigate, but was slow and cumbersome, and they disliked the lack of dynamic features.

Conclusions: This study provides preliminary evidence suggesting that questionnaires delivered to older adults using contemporary tablet computers may be acceptable and do not substantively influence the content of the collected data.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Sample printed questionnaire.
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figure1: Sample printed questionnaire.

Mentions: The QuIET study software package was developed as a Web app with the use of hypertext markup language (HTML), cascading style sheets (CSS), JavaScript, and Perl programming languages. The package was designed aesthetically to resemble a pad of paper, and all navigation features were removed to simplify the interface. For short answer questions, participants used the iPad’s digital keyboard to enter responses, and for Likert-type questions, participants were instructed to use a finger or stylus to touch their answer, which highlighted in response. Unlike printed questionnaire completion, for which users are able to gauge progress based on the number of pages completed or remaining, digital questionnaire completion offers no such physical indication of progress through the set. To account for this, a progress bar was included at the top of each page to indicate the portion of the total questionnaire battery completed, and a small motivational prompt indicating percent completion was provided between questionnaires. Though basic aesthetic elements were stylized to enhance clarity, the general layout and content of each questionnaire was the same in the print and digital versions. Figure 1 shows a sample of a printed questionnaire.


A comparison of tablet computer and paper-based questionnaires in healthy aging research.

Fanning J, McAuley E - JMIR Res Protoc (2014)

Sample printed questionnaire.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4129113&req=5

figure1: Sample printed questionnaire.
Mentions: The QuIET study software package was developed as a Web app with the use of hypertext markup language (HTML), cascading style sheets (CSS), JavaScript, and Perl programming languages. The package was designed aesthetically to resemble a pad of paper, and all navigation features were removed to simplify the interface. For short answer questions, participants used the iPad’s digital keyboard to enter responses, and for Likert-type questions, participants were instructed to use a finger or stylus to touch their answer, which highlighted in response. Unlike printed questionnaire completion, for which users are able to gauge progress based on the number of pages completed or remaining, digital questionnaire completion offers no such physical indication of progress through the set. To account for this, a progress bar was included at the top of each page to indicate the portion of the total questionnaire battery completed, and a small motivational prompt indicating percent completion was provided between questionnaires. Though basic aesthetic elements were stylized to enhance clarity, the general layout and content of each questionnaire was the same in the print and digital versions. Figure 1 shows a sample of a printed questionnaire.

Bottom Line: A nonparametric one-sample binomial test indicated a significantly greater proportion of individuals preferred the tablet-delivered questionnaires (z=4.96, SE 3.428, P<.001).Participants most frequently reported that the tablet delivery increased speed of use and improved data entry, although navigation was perceived as being more difficult.This study provides preliminary evidence suggesting that questionnaires delivered to older adults using contemporary tablet computers may be acceptable and do not substantively influence the content of the collected data.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Exercise Psychology Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, United States. fanning4@illinois.edu.

ABSTRACT

Background: Digital questionnaire delivery offers many advantages to investigators and participants alike; however, evidence supporting digital questionnaire delivery via touchscreen device in the older adult population is lacking.

Objective: The objective of this study was to compare the use of tablet computer-delivered and printed questionnaires as vehicles for the collection of psychosocial data from older adults to determine whether this digital platform would be readily adopted by the sample, and to identify whether tablet delivery influences the content of data received.

Methods: The participants completed three questionnaires using both delivery methods, followed by a brief evaluation.

Results: A nonparametric one-sample binomial test indicated a significantly greater proportion of individuals preferred the tablet-delivered questionnaires (z=4.96, SE 3.428, P<.001). Paired sample t tests and Wilcoxon sign-rank tests indicated that measures collected by each method were not significantly different (all P≥.273). Ease of use of the tablet interface and anxiety while completing the digital questionnaires were significantly correlated with preferences, (rs=.665, P<.001 and rs=.552, P<.001, respectively). Participants most frequently reported that the tablet delivery increased speed of use and improved data entry, although navigation was perceived as being more difficult. By comparison, participants felt that the paper packet was easier to read and navigate, but was slow and cumbersome, and they disliked the lack of dynamic features.

Conclusions: This study provides preliminary evidence suggesting that questionnaires delivered to older adults using contemporary tablet computers may be acceptable and do not substantively influence the content of the collected data.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus