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Value addition in sesame: A perspective on bioactive components for enhancing utility and profitability.

Pathak N, Rai AK, Kumari R, Bhat KV - Pharmacogn Rev (2014)

Bottom Line: Sesame seed is a reservoir of nutritional components with numerous beneficial effects along with health promotion in humans.The bioactive components present in the seed include vital minerals, vitamins, phytosterols, polyunsaturated fatty acids, tocopherols and unique class of lignans such as sesamin and sesamolin.The presence of phenylpropanoid compounds namely lignans along with tocopherols and phytosterols provide defense mechanism against reactive oxygen species and increases keeping quality of oil by preventing oxidative rancidity.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Division of Genomic Resources, National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Pusa Campus, New Delhi, India.

ABSTRACT
Sesame seed is a reservoir of nutritional components with numerous beneficial effects along with health promotion in humans. The bioactive components present in the seed include vital minerals, vitamins, phytosterols, polyunsaturated fatty acids, tocopherols and unique class of lignans such as sesamin and sesamolin. The presence of phenylpropanoid compounds namely lignans along with tocopherols and phytosterols provide defense mechanism against reactive oxygen species and increases keeping quality of oil by preventing oxidative rancidity. In this article, we have reviewed the nutraceutical, pharmacological, traditional and industrial value of sesame seeds with respect to bioactive components that hold high antioxidant value. Valuable information on superior functional components of sesame will strongly promote the use of sesame seeds in the daily diet world-wide. In spite of huge repertoire of sesame germplasm collection, limited research efforts on the use of conventional and biotechnological methodologies have resulted in minimal success in developing nutritionally superior cultivars. In consequence, value addition efforts in sesame would enable development of genotypes with high antioxidant activity and subsequently prevention of free radical related diseases. Modification of bioactive components in sesame would enable production of stabilized sesame oil with enhanced shelf life and better market value.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Flowchart depicting physiological and pharmacological activities of lignans
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Figure 2: Flowchart depicting physiological and pharmacological activities of lignans

Mentions: Sesamin and sesamolin have been considered as the major lignans in the sesame seed[25] along with sesaminol which has also been identified as an important lignan in later studies.[26] These components have been reported to possess unique properties, such as helping in lowering blood lipids[27] and arachidonic acid levels,[28] they are also involved in lowering cholesterol levels by inhibiting absorption and synthesis of cholesterol simultaneously in rats,[29] anti-inflammatory function[30] and have immunomodulatory activities [Figure 2].[31] Indian Sesamum species have been found to contain high amounts of sesamin (2.45 mg g−1 seed) and sesamolin (1.10 mg g−1 seed) (unpublished data). Liu et al.[32] reported 1520 μmol sesamin of the total lignan content of 2180 μmol 100 g−1 seed. Sesamin and sesamolin values for Indian sesame germplasm were higher than that of 65 sesame seed samples harvested in TX, USA, (1.63 mg g−1 seed for sesamin and 1.01 mg g−1 seed for sesamolin.[11] Moreover, Kim et al.[33] reported lower sesamin (2.09 mg/g seed) and sesamolin (1.65 mg g−1 seed) contents of 403 sesame landraces of Korea when compared with Indian sesame. Recently, Wang et al.[34] reported an average value of 8.54 mg g−1 for sesamin and sesamolin contents for core collection from China.


Value addition in sesame: A perspective on bioactive components for enhancing utility and profitability.

Pathak N, Rai AK, Kumari R, Bhat KV - Pharmacogn Rev (2014)

Flowchart depicting physiological and pharmacological activities of lignans
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4127822&req=5

Figure 2: Flowchart depicting physiological and pharmacological activities of lignans
Mentions: Sesamin and sesamolin have been considered as the major lignans in the sesame seed[25] along with sesaminol which has also been identified as an important lignan in later studies.[26] These components have been reported to possess unique properties, such as helping in lowering blood lipids[27] and arachidonic acid levels,[28] they are also involved in lowering cholesterol levels by inhibiting absorption and synthesis of cholesterol simultaneously in rats,[29] anti-inflammatory function[30] and have immunomodulatory activities [Figure 2].[31] Indian Sesamum species have been found to contain high amounts of sesamin (2.45 mg g−1 seed) and sesamolin (1.10 mg g−1 seed) (unpublished data). Liu et al.[32] reported 1520 μmol sesamin of the total lignan content of 2180 μmol 100 g−1 seed. Sesamin and sesamolin values for Indian sesame germplasm were higher than that of 65 sesame seed samples harvested in TX, USA, (1.63 mg g−1 seed for sesamin and 1.01 mg g−1 seed for sesamolin.[11] Moreover, Kim et al.[33] reported lower sesamin (2.09 mg/g seed) and sesamolin (1.65 mg g−1 seed) contents of 403 sesame landraces of Korea when compared with Indian sesame. Recently, Wang et al.[34] reported an average value of 8.54 mg g−1 for sesamin and sesamolin contents for core collection from China.

Bottom Line: Sesame seed is a reservoir of nutritional components with numerous beneficial effects along with health promotion in humans.The bioactive components present in the seed include vital minerals, vitamins, phytosterols, polyunsaturated fatty acids, tocopherols and unique class of lignans such as sesamin and sesamolin.The presence of phenylpropanoid compounds namely lignans along with tocopherols and phytosterols provide defense mechanism against reactive oxygen species and increases keeping quality of oil by preventing oxidative rancidity.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Division of Genomic Resources, National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Pusa Campus, New Delhi, India.

ABSTRACT
Sesame seed is a reservoir of nutritional components with numerous beneficial effects along with health promotion in humans. The bioactive components present in the seed include vital minerals, vitamins, phytosterols, polyunsaturated fatty acids, tocopherols and unique class of lignans such as sesamin and sesamolin. The presence of phenylpropanoid compounds namely lignans along with tocopherols and phytosterols provide defense mechanism against reactive oxygen species and increases keeping quality of oil by preventing oxidative rancidity. In this article, we have reviewed the nutraceutical, pharmacological, traditional and industrial value of sesame seeds with respect to bioactive components that hold high antioxidant value. Valuable information on superior functional components of sesame will strongly promote the use of sesame seeds in the daily diet world-wide. In spite of huge repertoire of sesame germplasm collection, limited research efforts on the use of conventional and biotechnological methodologies have resulted in minimal success in developing nutritionally superior cultivars. In consequence, value addition efforts in sesame would enable development of genotypes with high antioxidant activity and subsequently prevention of free radical related diseases. Modification of bioactive components in sesame would enable production of stabilized sesame oil with enhanced shelf life and better market value.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus