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Prevalence of restless legs syndrome and sleep problems in Korean children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a single institution study.

Kwon S, Sohn Y, Jeong SH, Chung US, Seo H - Korean J Pediatr (2014)

Bottom Line: A total of 56 patients, including 51 boys and 5 girls (mean age, 10.7 years old) participated.Of these, 24 complained of pain, discomfort, or an unpleasant sensation in the legs.There were no significant differences in age, medication dosage, or neuropsychological test scores between the patients with and without RLS symptoms.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pediatrics, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common disorder in school-aged children. Patients with restless legs syndrome (RLS) often present with ADHD symptoms and vice versa. This study was the first to attempt to identify the prevalence of RLS and sleep problems in children with ADHD in Korea.

Methods: Patients diagnosed with ADHD were asked to complete a sleep questionnaire. The sleep questionnaire included items to help identify the presence of four typical symptoms that are used as diagnostic criteria for RLS.

Results: A total of 56 patients, including 51 boys and 5 girls (mean age, 10.7 years old) participated. Of these, 24 complained of pain, discomfort, or an unpleasant sensation in the legs. Based on the RLS diagnostic criteria, 2 patients were diagnosed with definite RLS and 4 with probable RLS. There were no significant differences in age, medication dosage, or neuropsychological test scores between the patients with and without RLS symptoms.

Conclusion: Approximately 42.9% of patients with ADHD presented with RLS symptoms and 7.1% of these were diagnosed with RLS. Patients with ADHD also experienced various other sleep disorders. Thus, appropriate assessment and treatment for sleep disorders in patients with ADHD is essential.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Sleep problems in the study patients. Sleep problems were observed in 42 patients (75%) among the subjects. Excessive daytime sleepiness was the most common symptom, followed by bedtime problems, snoring, irregularity of sleep, and awakening during the night. There were no significant differences between the two groups. RLS Sx, restless legs syndrome symptom.
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Figure 2: Sleep problems in the study patients. Sleep problems were observed in 42 patients (75%) among the subjects. Excessive daytime sleepiness was the most common symptom, followed by bedtime problems, snoring, irregularity of sleep, and awakening during the night. There were no significant differences between the two groups. RLS Sx, restless legs syndrome symptom.

Mentions: Among patients with ADHD, sleep problems were observed in 42 patients (75%); with the highest response 35 patients (62.5%) answered to "Excessive daytime sleepiness"; 17 patients (30.4%) answered to "Bedtime problem"; 11 patients (19.6%) answered to "snoring"; 7 patients (12.5%) answered to "problems in Regularity and duration of sleep"; 4 patients (7.1%) answered to "Awakening during sleep" (Fig. 2).


Prevalence of restless legs syndrome and sleep problems in Korean children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a single institution study.

Kwon S, Sohn Y, Jeong SH, Chung US, Seo H - Korean J Pediatr (2014)

Sleep problems in the study patients. Sleep problems were observed in 42 patients (75%) among the subjects. Excessive daytime sleepiness was the most common symptom, followed by bedtime problems, snoring, irregularity of sleep, and awakening during the night. There were no significant differences between the two groups. RLS Sx, restless legs syndrome symptom.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4127394&req=5

Figure 2: Sleep problems in the study patients. Sleep problems were observed in 42 patients (75%) among the subjects. Excessive daytime sleepiness was the most common symptom, followed by bedtime problems, snoring, irregularity of sleep, and awakening during the night. There were no significant differences between the two groups. RLS Sx, restless legs syndrome symptom.
Mentions: Among patients with ADHD, sleep problems were observed in 42 patients (75%); with the highest response 35 patients (62.5%) answered to "Excessive daytime sleepiness"; 17 patients (30.4%) answered to "Bedtime problem"; 11 patients (19.6%) answered to "snoring"; 7 patients (12.5%) answered to "problems in Regularity and duration of sleep"; 4 patients (7.1%) answered to "Awakening during sleep" (Fig. 2).

Bottom Line: A total of 56 patients, including 51 boys and 5 girls (mean age, 10.7 years old) participated.Of these, 24 complained of pain, discomfort, or an unpleasant sensation in the legs.There were no significant differences in age, medication dosage, or neuropsychological test scores between the patients with and without RLS symptoms.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pediatrics, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common disorder in school-aged children. Patients with restless legs syndrome (RLS) often present with ADHD symptoms and vice versa. This study was the first to attempt to identify the prevalence of RLS and sleep problems in children with ADHD in Korea.

Methods: Patients diagnosed with ADHD were asked to complete a sleep questionnaire. The sleep questionnaire included items to help identify the presence of four typical symptoms that are used as diagnostic criteria for RLS.

Results: A total of 56 patients, including 51 boys and 5 girls (mean age, 10.7 years old) participated. Of these, 24 complained of pain, discomfort, or an unpleasant sensation in the legs. Based on the RLS diagnostic criteria, 2 patients were diagnosed with definite RLS and 4 with probable RLS. There were no significant differences in age, medication dosage, or neuropsychological test scores between the patients with and without RLS symptoms.

Conclusion: Approximately 42.9% of patients with ADHD presented with RLS symptoms and 7.1% of these were diagnosed with RLS. Patients with ADHD also experienced various other sleep disorders. Thus, appropriate assessment and treatment for sleep disorders in patients with ADHD is essential.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus