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Prevalence of restless legs syndrome and sleep problems in Korean children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a single institution study.

Kwon S, Sohn Y, Jeong SH, Chung US, Seo H - Korean J Pediatr (2014)

Bottom Line: A total of 56 patients, including 51 boys and 5 girls (mean age, 10.7 years old) participated.Of these, 24 complained of pain, discomfort, or an unpleasant sensation in the legs.There were no significant differences in age, medication dosage, or neuropsychological test scores between the patients with and without RLS symptoms.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pediatrics, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common disorder in school-aged children. Patients with restless legs syndrome (RLS) often present with ADHD symptoms and vice versa. This study was the first to attempt to identify the prevalence of RLS and sleep problems in children with ADHD in Korea.

Methods: Patients diagnosed with ADHD were asked to complete a sleep questionnaire. The sleep questionnaire included items to help identify the presence of four typical symptoms that are used as diagnostic criteria for RLS.

Results: A total of 56 patients, including 51 boys and 5 girls (mean age, 10.7 years old) participated. Of these, 24 complained of pain, discomfort, or an unpleasant sensation in the legs. Based on the RLS diagnostic criteria, 2 patients were diagnosed with definite RLS and 4 with probable RLS. There were no significant differences in age, medication dosage, or neuropsychological test scores between the patients with and without RLS symptoms.

Conclusion: Approximately 42.9% of patients with ADHD presented with RLS symptoms and 7.1% of these were diagnosed with RLS. Patients with ADHD also experienced various other sleep disorders. Thus, appropriate assessment and treatment for sleep disorders in patients with ADHD is essential.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Prevalence of restless legs syndrome (RLS)-related symptoms in study patients. Twenty-four patients had symptoms of RLS. The symptoms "an urge to move the legs" and "relief by movement" were most common, followed by "worsening during rest" and "worsening in the evening or night."
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Figure 1: Prevalence of restless legs syndrome (RLS)-related symptoms in study patients. Twenty-four patients had symptoms of RLS. The symptoms "an urge to move the legs" and "relief by movement" were most common, followed by "worsening during rest" and "worsening in the evening or night."

Mentions: Seven patients had a family history of RLS (12.5%) and 24 patients (42.9%) showed symptoms of RLS. The highest responses were made to the statement "An urge to move the legs, usually accompanied or caused by uncomfortable and unpleasant sensation in the legs", with 11 answers (19.6%), followed by "The urge to move or unpleasant sensations are partially or totally relieved by movement" which 10 patients (17.9%) answered to. There were 6 patients (10.7%) who answered to "The urge to move or unpleasant sensations begin or worsen during periods of rest or inactivity" and 6 patients (10.7%) who answered to "The urge to move or unpleasant sensations are worse in the evening or night than during the day or only occur in the evening or night" (Fig. 1). Assessing the subjects based on the sleep questionnaire, 2 patients (3.6%) were diagnosed with "definite RLS" and another 2 patients (3.6%) were diagnosed with "probable RLS".


Prevalence of restless legs syndrome and sleep problems in Korean children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a single institution study.

Kwon S, Sohn Y, Jeong SH, Chung US, Seo H - Korean J Pediatr (2014)

Prevalence of restless legs syndrome (RLS)-related symptoms in study patients. Twenty-four patients had symptoms of RLS. The symptoms "an urge to move the legs" and "relief by movement" were most common, followed by "worsening during rest" and "worsening in the evening or night."
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4127394&req=5

Figure 1: Prevalence of restless legs syndrome (RLS)-related symptoms in study patients. Twenty-four patients had symptoms of RLS. The symptoms "an urge to move the legs" and "relief by movement" were most common, followed by "worsening during rest" and "worsening in the evening or night."
Mentions: Seven patients had a family history of RLS (12.5%) and 24 patients (42.9%) showed symptoms of RLS. The highest responses were made to the statement "An urge to move the legs, usually accompanied or caused by uncomfortable and unpleasant sensation in the legs", with 11 answers (19.6%), followed by "The urge to move or unpleasant sensations are partially or totally relieved by movement" which 10 patients (17.9%) answered to. There were 6 patients (10.7%) who answered to "The urge to move or unpleasant sensations begin or worsen during periods of rest or inactivity" and 6 patients (10.7%) who answered to "The urge to move or unpleasant sensations are worse in the evening or night than during the day or only occur in the evening or night" (Fig. 1). Assessing the subjects based on the sleep questionnaire, 2 patients (3.6%) were diagnosed with "definite RLS" and another 2 patients (3.6%) were diagnosed with "probable RLS".

Bottom Line: A total of 56 patients, including 51 boys and 5 girls (mean age, 10.7 years old) participated.Of these, 24 complained of pain, discomfort, or an unpleasant sensation in the legs.There were no significant differences in age, medication dosage, or neuropsychological test scores between the patients with and without RLS symptoms.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pediatrics, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common disorder in school-aged children. Patients with restless legs syndrome (RLS) often present with ADHD symptoms and vice versa. This study was the first to attempt to identify the prevalence of RLS and sleep problems in children with ADHD in Korea.

Methods: Patients diagnosed with ADHD were asked to complete a sleep questionnaire. The sleep questionnaire included items to help identify the presence of four typical symptoms that are used as diagnostic criteria for RLS.

Results: A total of 56 patients, including 51 boys and 5 girls (mean age, 10.7 years old) participated. Of these, 24 complained of pain, discomfort, or an unpleasant sensation in the legs. Based on the RLS diagnostic criteria, 2 patients were diagnosed with definite RLS and 4 with probable RLS. There were no significant differences in age, medication dosage, or neuropsychological test scores between the patients with and without RLS symptoms.

Conclusion: Approximately 42.9% of patients with ADHD presented with RLS symptoms and 7.1% of these were diagnosed with RLS. Patients with ADHD also experienced various other sleep disorders. Thus, appropriate assessment and treatment for sleep disorders in patients with ADHD is essential.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus