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Disruption of HPV16-E7 by CRISPR/Cas system induces apoptosis and growth inhibition in HPV16 positive human cervical cancer cells.

Hu Z, Yu L, Zhu D, Ding W, Wang X, Zhang C, Wang L, Jiang X, Shen H, He D, Li K, Xi L, Ma D, Wang H - Biomed Res Int (2014)

Bottom Line: By using clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats- (CRISPR-) associated protein system (CRISPR/Cas system), a widely used genome editing tool in many organisms, to target HPV16-E7 DNA in HPV positive cell lines, we showed for the first time that the HPV16-E7 single-guide RNA (sgRNA) guided CRISPR/Cas system could disrupt HPV16-E7 DNA at specific sites, inducing apoptosis and growth inhibition in HPV positive SiHa and Caski cells, but not in HPV negative C33A and HEK293 cells.Moreover, disruption of E7 DNA directly leads to downregulation of E7 protein and upregulation of tumor suppressor protein pRb.Therefore, our results suggest that HPV16-E7 gRNA guided CRISPR/Cas system might be used as a therapeutic strategy for the treatment of cervical cancer.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430030, China.

ABSTRACT
High-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) has been recognized as a major causative agent for cervical cancer. Upon HPV infection, early genes E6 and E7 play important roles in maintaining malignant phenotype of cervical cancer cells. By using clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats- (CRISPR-) associated protein system (CRISPR/Cas system), a widely used genome editing tool in many organisms, to target HPV16-E7 DNA in HPV positive cell lines, we showed for the first time that the HPV16-E7 single-guide RNA (sgRNA) guided CRISPR/Cas system could disrupt HPV16-E7 DNA at specific sites, inducing apoptosis and growth inhibition in HPV positive SiHa and Caski cells, but not in HPV negative C33A and HEK293 cells. Moreover, disruption of E7 DNA directly leads to downregulation of E7 protein and upregulation of tumor suppressor protein pRb. Therefore, our results suggest that HPV16-E7 gRNA guided CRISPR/Cas system might be used as a therapeutic strategy for the treatment of cervical cancer.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Schematic representation of HPV16-E7 gene editing using the CRISPR/Cas system. (a) The CRISPR/Cas system-mediated E7 gene targeting of HPV16 genome. (b) Schematic representation of the four customized gRNAs disrupting the E7 gene. The CRISPR/Cas system could induce double strand breaks of the E7 oncogene, which lead to NHEJ repair and frameshift mutation. Disruption of the E7 gene would further result in apoptosis and growth inhibition of HPV16-positive cells. Black arrows represent Cas9 enzyme-mediated DSB breaking sites upon gRNA recognition.
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fig1: Schematic representation of HPV16-E7 gene editing using the CRISPR/Cas system. (a) The CRISPR/Cas system-mediated E7 gene targeting of HPV16 genome. (b) Schematic representation of the four customized gRNAs disrupting the E7 gene. The CRISPR/Cas system could induce double strand breaks of the E7 oncogene, which lead to NHEJ repair and frameshift mutation. Disruption of the E7 gene would further result in apoptosis and growth inhibition of HPV16-positive cells. Black arrows represent Cas9 enzyme-mediated DSB breaking sites upon gRNA recognition.

Mentions: The CRISPR/Cas system is a newly developed programmable RNA-guided endonuclease system. And it has emerged as a powerful genome editing tool in many organisms including prokaryotes, C. elegans, and zebrafish [6–8]. Consisting of a site-specific single-guide-RNA (sgRNA) and a Cas9 enzyme, the system can basically target any genomic site in the form of 5′-N20NGG-3′ [9]. Upon recognition at a determined genomic site complementary to sgRNA sequence, Cas9 enzyme induces double strand breaks (DSBs) (Figure 1). DSBs are mainly repaired through the mutagenic nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) repair pathway, leading to disruption of the targeted gene [10].


Disruption of HPV16-E7 by CRISPR/Cas system induces apoptosis and growth inhibition in HPV16 positive human cervical cancer cells.

Hu Z, Yu L, Zhu D, Ding W, Wang X, Zhang C, Wang L, Jiang X, Shen H, He D, Li K, Xi L, Ma D, Wang H - Biomed Res Int (2014)

Schematic representation of HPV16-E7 gene editing using the CRISPR/Cas system. (a) The CRISPR/Cas system-mediated E7 gene targeting of HPV16 genome. (b) Schematic representation of the four customized gRNAs disrupting the E7 gene. The CRISPR/Cas system could induce double strand breaks of the E7 oncogene, which lead to NHEJ repair and frameshift mutation. Disruption of the E7 gene would further result in apoptosis and growth inhibition of HPV16-positive cells. Black arrows represent Cas9 enzyme-mediated DSB breaking sites upon gRNA recognition.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4127252&req=5

fig1: Schematic representation of HPV16-E7 gene editing using the CRISPR/Cas system. (a) The CRISPR/Cas system-mediated E7 gene targeting of HPV16 genome. (b) Schematic representation of the four customized gRNAs disrupting the E7 gene. The CRISPR/Cas system could induce double strand breaks of the E7 oncogene, which lead to NHEJ repair and frameshift mutation. Disruption of the E7 gene would further result in apoptosis and growth inhibition of HPV16-positive cells. Black arrows represent Cas9 enzyme-mediated DSB breaking sites upon gRNA recognition.
Mentions: The CRISPR/Cas system is a newly developed programmable RNA-guided endonuclease system. And it has emerged as a powerful genome editing tool in many organisms including prokaryotes, C. elegans, and zebrafish [6–8]. Consisting of a site-specific single-guide-RNA (sgRNA) and a Cas9 enzyme, the system can basically target any genomic site in the form of 5′-N20NGG-3′ [9]. Upon recognition at a determined genomic site complementary to sgRNA sequence, Cas9 enzyme induces double strand breaks (DSBs) (Figure 1). DSBs are mainly repaired through the mutagenic nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) repair pathway, leading to disruption of the targeted gene [10].

Bottom Line: By using clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats- (CRISPR-) associated protein system (CRISPR/Cas system), a widely used genome editing tool in many organisms, to target HPV16-E7 DNA in HPV positive cell lines, we showed for the first time that the HPV16-E7 single-guide RNA (sgRNA) guided CRISPR/Cas system could disrupt HPV16-E7 DNA at specific sites, inducing apoptosis and growth inhibition in HPV positive SiHa and Caski cells, but not in HPV negative C33A and HEK293 cells.Moreover, disruption of E7 DNA directly leads to downregulation of E7 protein and upregulation of tumor suppressor protein pRb.Therefore, our results suggest that HPV16-E7 gRNA guided CRISPR/Cas system might be used as a therapeutic strategy for the treatment of cervical cancer.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430030, China.

ABSTRACT
High-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) has been recognized as a major causative agent for cervical cancer. Upon HPV infection, early genes E6 and E7 play important roles in maintaining malignant phenotype of cervical cancer cells. By using clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats- (CRISPR-) associated protein system (CRISPR/Cas system), a widely used genome editing tool in many organisms, to target HPV16-E7 DNA in HPV positive cell lines, we showed for the first time that the HPV16-E7 single-guide RNA (sgRNA) guided CRISPR/Cas system could disrupt HPV16-E7 DNA at specific sites, inducing apoptosis and growth inhibition in HPV positive SiHa and Caski cells, but not in HPV negative C33A and HEK293 cells. Moreover, disruption of E7 DNA directly leads to downregulation of E7 protein and upregulation of tumor suppressor protein pRb. Therefore, our results suggest that HPV16-E7 gRNA guided CRISPR/Cas system might be used as a therapeutic strategy for the treatment of cervical cancer.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus