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Alkylphenols in Surface Sediments of the Gulf of Gdansk (Baltic Sea).

Koniecko I, Staniszewska M, Falkowska L, Burska D, Kielczewska J, Jasinska A - Water Air Soil Pollut (2014)

Bottom Line: In summertime, sediments near the beach had the highest alkylphenol concentrations (NP-2.31 ng g(-1) dw, OP-13.09 ng g(-1) dw), which was related to tourism and recreational activity.In silt sediments located off the coast, the highest NP (1.46 ng g(-1) dw) and OP (6.56 ng g(-1) dw) amounts were observed in autumn.The origin of OP and NP at those test stations was linked to atmospheric transport of black carbon along with adsorbed alkylphenols.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Oceanography, University of Gdansk, Al. Marszalka Pilsudskiego 46, 81-378 Gdynia, Poland.

ABSTRACT
The widespread use of alkylphenols in European industry has led to their presence in the environment and the living organisms of the Baltic Sea. The present study (2011-2012) was designed to determine the concentrations of alkylphenols, 4-nonylphenol (NP) and 4-tert-octylphenol (OP), in surface sediments of the Gulf of Gdansk, a section of the Baltic that lies in close proximity to industrial and agricultural areas and borders with an agglomeration of nearly one million inhabitants. It is also where the Vistula, the largest Polish river, ends its course. In spring, large concentrations of 4-nonylphenol and 4-tert-octylphenol were washed off into the coastal zone with meltwater. In summertime, sediments near the beach had the highest alkylphenol concentrations (NP-2.31 ng g(-1) dw, OP-13.09 ng g(-1) dw), which was related to tourism and recreational activity. In silt sediments located off the coast, the highest NP (1.46 ng g(-1) dw) and OP (6.56 ng g(-1) dw) amounts were observed in autumn. The origin of OP and NP at those test stations was linked to atmospheric transport of black carbon along with adsorbed alkylphenols.

No MeSH data available.


Seasonal changes in 4-nonylphenol (NP) and 4-tert-octylphenol (OP) in sediments from open water stations located below the 4-m isobath ME, SP, GDY, GN, UW in a spring, b summer and c autumn
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Fig5: Seasonal changes in 4-nonylphenol (NP) and 4-tert-octylphenol (OP) in sediments from open water stations located below the 4-m isobath ME, SP, GDY, GN, UW in a spring, b summer and c autumn

Mentions: At open water stations below the 4-m isobath (Fig. 5), the highest concentrations of OP and NP were observed in autumn, and this has to be linked with alkylphenols introduced to surface sediments with suspension about 6 months previously, in springtime (Fig. 5c).Fig. 5


Alkylphenols in Surface Sediments of the Gulf of Gdansk (Baltic Sea).

Koniecko I, Staniszewska M, Falkowska L, Burska D, Kielczewska J, Jasinska A - Water Air Soil Pollut (2014)

Seasonal changes in 4-nonylphenol (NP) and 4-tert-octylphenol (OP) in sediments from open water stations located below the 4-m isobath ME, SP, GDY, GN, UW in a spring, b summer and c autumn
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4127005&req=5

Fig5: Seasonal changes in 4-nonylphenol (NP) and 4-tert-octylphenol (OP) in sediments from open water stations located below the 4-m isobath ME, SP, GDY, GN, UW in a spring, b summer and c autumn
Mentions: At open water stations below the 4-m isobath (Fig. 5), the highest concentrations of OP and NP were observed in autumn, and this has to be linked with alkylphenols introduced to surface sediments with suspension about 6 months previously, in springtime (Fig. 5c).Fig. 5

Bottom Line: In summertime, sediments near the beach had the highest alkylphenol concentrations (NP-2.31 ng g(-1) dw, OP-13.09 ng g(-1) dw), which was related to tourism and recreational activity.In silt sediments located off the coast, the highest NP (1.46 ng g(-1) dw) and OP (6.56 ng g(-1) dw) amounts were observed in autumn.The origin of OP and NP at those test stations was linked to atmospheric transport of black carbon along with adsorbed alkylphenols.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Oceanography, University of Gdansk, Al. Marszalka Pilsudskiego 46, 81-378 Gdynia, Poland.

ABSTRACT
The widespread use of alkylphenols in European industry has led to their presence in the environment and the living organisms of the Baltic Sea. The present study (2011-2012) was designed to determine the concentrations of alkylphenols, 4-nonylphenol (NP) and 4-tert-octylphenol (OP), in surface sediments of the Gulf of Gdansk, a section of the Baltic that lies in close proximity to industrial and agricultural areas and borders with an agglomeration of nearly one million inhabitants. It is also where the Vistula, the largest Polish river, ends its course. In spring, large concentrations of 4-nonylphenol and 4-tert-octylphenol were washed off into the coastal zone with meltwater. In summertime, sediments near the beach had the highest alkylphenol concentrations (NP-2.31 ng g(-1) dw, OP-13.09 ng g(-1) dw), which was related to tourism and recreational activity. In silt sediments located off the coast, the highest NP (1.46 ng g(-1) dw) and OP (6.56 ng g(-1) dw) amounts were observed in autumn. The origin of OP and NP at those test stations was linked to atmospheric transport of black carbon along with adsorbed alkylphenols.

No MeSH data available.