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Alkylphenols in Surface Sediments of the Gulf of Gdansk (Baltic Sea).

Koniecko I, Staniszewska M, Falkowska L, Burska D, Kielczewska J, Jasinska A - Water Air Soil Pollut (2014)

Bottom Line: In summertime, sediments near the beach had the highest alkylphenol concentrations (NP-2.31 ng g(-1) dw, OP-13.09 ng g(-1) dw), which was related to tourism and recreational activity.In silt sediments located off the coast, the highest NP (1.46 ng g(-1) dw) and OP (6.56 ng g(-1) dw) amounts were observed in autumn.The origin of OP and NP at those test stations was linked to atmospheric transport of black carbon along with adsorbed alkylphenols.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Oceanography, University of Gdansk, Al. Marszalka Pilsudskiego 46, 81-378 Gdynia, Poland.

ABSTRACT
The widespread use of alkylphenols in European industry has led to their presence in the environment and the living organisms of the Baltic Sea. The present study (2011-2012) was designed to determine the concentrations of alkylphenols, 4-nonylphenol (NP) and 4-tert-octylphenol (OP), in surface sediments of the Gulf of Gdansk, a section of the Baltic that lies in close proximity to industrial and agricultural areas and borders with an agglomeration of nearly one million inhabitants. It is also where the Vistula, the largest Polish river, ends its course. In spring, large concentrations of 4-nonylphenol and 4-tert-octylphenol were washed off into the coastal zone with meltwater. In summertime, sediments near the beach had the highest alkylphenol concentrations (NP-2.31 ng g(-1) dw, OP-13.09 ng g(-1) dw), which was related to tourism and recreational activity. In silt sediments located off the coast, the highest NP (1.46 ng g(-1) dw) and OP (6.56 ng g(-1) dw) amounts were observed in autumn. The origin of OP and NP at those test stations was linked to atmospheric transport of black carbon along with adsorbed alkylphenols.

No MeSH data available.


Proportions of black carbon (BC) to 4-nonylphenol (NP) and 4-tert-octylphenol (OP) in sediments from river stations and stations situated close to river outlets: a Gizdepka River (ST6): Swarzewo (ST7), b Kacza River (ST4): Orlowo Molo (ST3), c Vistula Swibno (ST1): UW
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Fig2: Proportions of black carbon (BC) to 4-nonylphenol (NP) and 4-tert-octylphenol (OP) in sediments from river stations and stations situated close to river outlets: a Gizdepka River (ST6): Swarzewo (ST7), b Kacza River (ST4): Orlowo Molo (ST3), c Vistula Swibno (ST1): UW

Mentions: The mean value for 4-nonylphenol concentrations determined in the sediments of the Gulf of Gdansk amounted to 6.96 ng g−1 dw (Table 2), and this is comparable to concentrations obtained in other coastal areas of Europe. In 2003, Jonkers et al. found a mean NP concentration of 5.6 ng g−1 dw in the Scheldt and Rhine river estuaries (Holland), while similar values were found in sediment from Barcelona harbour (Spain) (9.25 ng g−1 dw) (Petrovic et al. 2002). However, the mean NP concentration in sediment from the German coast (North Sea) amounted to 32.5 ng g−1 dw (Bester et al. 2001). NP concentration levels in Asia were even higher than in Europe, reaching 64.5 ng g−1 dw in the sediments of the Sea of Japan (Hong and Shin 2009) and as much as 1.22 μg g−1 dw in sediments from the Yundang Lagoon in China (Zhang et al. 2011). In Jamaica Bay, near New York (USA), sediments exposed to pollution through petroleum recovery were characterised by average NP concentrations that were over 100-fold higher (846 ng g−1 dw) (Lee Ferguson et al. 2001) than those found in the sediments of the Gulf of Gdansk (Fig. 2).Table 2


Alkylphenols in Surface Sediments of the Gulf of Gdansk (Baltic Sea).

Koniecko I, Staniszewska M, Falkowska L, Burska D, Kielczewska J, Jasinska A - Water Air Soil Pollut (2014)

Proportions of black carbon (BC) to 4-nonylphenol (NP) and 4-tert-octylphenol (OP) in sediments from river stations and stations situated close to river outlets: a Gizdepka River (ST6): Swarzewo (ST7), b Kacza River (ST4): Orlowo Molo (ST3), c Vistula Swibno (ST1): UW
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
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Fig2: Proportions of black carbon (BC) to 4-nonylphenol (NP) and 4-tert-octylphenol (OP) in sediments from river stations and stations situated close to river outlets: a Gizdepka River (ST6): Swarzewo (ST7), b Kacza River (ST4): Orlowo Molo (ST3), c Vistula Swibno (ST1): UW
Mentions: The mean value for 4-nonylphenol concentrations determined in the sediments of the Gulf of Gdansk amounted to 6.96 ng g−1 dw (Table 2), and this is comparable to concentrations obtained in other coastal areas of Europe. In 2003, Jonkers et al. found a mean NP concentration of 5.6 ng g−1 dw in the Scheldt and Rhine river estuaries (Holland), while similar values were found in sediment from Barcelona harbour (Spain) (9.25 ng g−1 dw) (Petrovic et al. 2002). However, the mean NP concentration in sediment from the German coast (North Sea) amounted to 32.5 ng g−1 dw (Bester et al. 2001). NP concentration levels in Asia were even higher than in Europe, reaching 64.5 ng g−1 dw in the sediments of the Sea of Japan (Hong and Shin 2009) and as much as 1.22 μg g−1 dw in sediments from the Yundang Lagoon in China (Zhang et al. 2011). In Jamaica Bay, near New York (USA), sediments exposed to pollution through petroleum recovery were characterised by average NP concentrations that were over 100-fold higher (846 ng g−1 dw) (Lee Ferguson et al. 2001) than those found in the sediments of the Gulf of Gdansk (Fig. 2).Table 2

Bottom Line: In summertime, sediments near the beach had the highest alkylphenol concentrations (NP-2.31 ng g(-1) dw, OP-13.09 ng g(-1) dw), which was related to tourism and recreational activity.In silt sediments located off the coast, the highest NP (1.46 ng g(-1) dw) and OP (6.56 ng g(-1) dw) amounts were observed in autumn.The origin of OP and NP at those test stations was linked to atmospheric transport of black carbon along with adsorbed alkylphenols.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Oceanography, University of Gdansk, Al. Marszalka Pilsudskiego 46, 81-378 Gdynia, Poland.

ABSTRACT
The widespread use of alkylphenols in European industry has led to their presence in the environment and the living organisms of the Baltic Sea. The present study (2011-2012) was designed to determine the concentrations of alkylphenols, 4-nonylphenol (NP) and 4-tert-octylphenol (OP), in surface sediments of the Gulf of Gdansk, a section of the Baltic that lies in close proximity to industrial and agricultural areas and borders with an agglomeration of nearly one million inhabitants. It is also where the Vistula, the largest Polish river, ends its course. In spring, large concentrations of 4-nonylphenol and 4-tert-octylphenol were washed off into the coastal zone with meltwater. In summertime, sediments near the beach had the highest alkylphenol concentrations (NP-2.31 ng g(-1) dw, OP-13.09 ng g(-1) dw), which was related to tourism and recreational activity. In silt sediments located off the coast, the highest NP (1.46 ng g(-1) dw) and OP (6.56 ng g(-1) dw) amounts were observed in autumn. The origin of OP and NP at those test stations was linked to atmospheric transport of black carbon along with adsorbed alkylphenols.

No MeSH data available.