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Alkylphenols in Surface Sediments of the Gulf of Gdansk (Baltic Sea).

Koniecko I, Staniszewska M, Falkowska L, Burska D, Kielczewska J, Jasinska A - Water Air Soil Pollut (2014)

Bottom Line: In summertime, sediments near the beach had the highest alkylphenol concentrations (NP-2.31 ng g(-1) dw, OP-13.09 ng g(-1) dw), which was related to tourism and recreational activity.In silt sediments located off the coast, the highest NP (1.46 ng g(-1) dw) and OP (6.56 ng g(-1) dw) amounts were observed in autumn.The origin of OP and NP at those test stations was linked to atmospheric transport of black carbon along with adsorbed alkylphenols.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Oceanography, University of Gdansk, Al. Marszalka Pilsudskiego 46, 81-378 Gdynia, Poland.

ABSTRACT
The widespread use of alkylphenols in European industry has led to their presence in the environment and the living organisms of the Baltic Sea. The present study (2011-2012) was designed to determine the concentrations of alkylphenols, 4-nonylphenol (NP) and 4-tert-octylphenol (OP), in surface sediments of the Gulf of Gdansk, a section of the Baltic that lies in close proximity to industrial and agricultural areas and borders with an agglomeration of nearly one million inhabitants. It is also where the Vistula, the largest Polish river, ends its course. In spring, large concentrations of 4-nonylphenol and 4-tert-octylphenol were washed off into the coastal zone with meltwater. In summertime, sediments near the beach had the highest alkylphenol concentrations (NP-2.31 ng g(-1) dw, OP-13.09 ng g(-1) dw), which was related to tourism and recreational activity. In silt sediments located off the coast, the highest NP (1.46 ng g(-1) dw) and OP (6.56 ng g(-1) dw) amounts were observed in autumn. The origin of OP and NP at those test stations was linked to atmospheric transport of black carbon along with adsorbed alkylphenols.

No MeSH data available.


The locations of sediment sampling sites in the Gulf of Gdansk in 2011–2012
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Related In: Results  -  Collection


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Fig1: The locations of sediment sampling sites in the Gulf of Gdansk in 2011–2012

Mentions: Sediment samples were collected in 2011 and 2012 in three different seasons (spring, summer and autumn). Seven coastal stations were used, and, of these, three were located by river outlets: the Vistula (ST1), the Kacza (ST2) and the Gizdepka (ST6), while the other four were situated near urbanised areas: Orlowo Pier (ST3), the Seaside Boulevard in Gdynia (ST4), Mechelinki (ST5), Swarzewo (ST7). Five more stations were located at sea further away from the coastline, below the 4-m isobath: ME, GDY, SP, GN, UW (Table 1) (Fig. 1).Table 1


Alkylphenols in Surface Sediments of the Gulf of Gdansk (Baltic Sea).

Koniecko I, Staniszewska M, Falkowska L, Burska D, Kielczewska J, Jasinska A - Water Air Soil Pollut (2014)

The locations of sediment sampling sites in the Gulf of Gdansk in 2011–2012
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4127005&req=5

Fig1: The locations of sediment sampling sites in the Gulf of Gdansk in 2011–2012
Mentions: Sediment samples were collected in 2011 and 2012 in three different seasons (spring, summer and autumn). Seven coastal stations were used, and, of these, three were located by river outlets: the Vistula (ST1), the Kacza (ST2) and the Gizdepka (ST6), while the other four were situated near urbanised areas: Orlowo Pier (ST3), the Seaside Boulevard in Gdynia (ST4), Mechelinki (ST5), Swarzewo (ST7). Five more stations were located at sea further away from the coastline, below the 4-m isobath: ME, GDY, SP, GN, UW (Table 1) (Fig. 1).Table 1

Bottom Line: In summertime, sediments near the beach had the highest alkylphenol concentrations (NP-2.31 ng g(-1) dw, OP-13.09 ng g(-1) dw), which was related to tourism and recreational activity.In silt sediments located off the coast, the highest NP (1.46 ng g(-1) dw) and OP (6.56 ng g(-1) dw) amounts were observed in autumn.The origin of OP and NP at those test stations was linked to atmospheric transport of black carbon along with adsorbed alkylphenols.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute of Oceanography, University of Gdansk, Al. Marszalka Pilsudskiego 46, 81-378 Gdynia, Poland.

ABSTRACT
The widespread use of alkylphenols in European industry has led to their presence in the environment and the living organisms of the Baltic Sea. The present study (2011-2012) was designed to determine the concentrations of alkylphenols, 4-nonylphenol (NP) and 4-tert-octylphenol (OP), in surface sediments of the Gulf of Gdansk, a section of the Baltic that lies in close proximity to industrial and agricultural areas and borders with an agglomeration of nearly one million inhabitants. It is also where the Vistula, the largest Polish river, ends its course. In spring, large concentrations of 4-nonylphenol and 4-tert-octylphenol were washed off into the coastal zone with meltwater. In summertime, sediments near the beach had the highest alkylphenol concentrations (NP-2.31 ng g(-1) dw, OP-13.09 ng g(-1) dw), which was related to tourism and recreational activity. In silt sediments located off the coast, the highest NP (1.46 ng g(-1) dw) and OP (6.56 ng g(-1) dw) amounts were observed in autumn. The origin of OP and NP at those test stations was linked to atmospheric transport of black carbon along with adsorbed alkylphenols.

No MeSH data available.