Limits...
Elevated CXCL-8 expression in bronchoalveolar lavage correlates with disease severity in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome resulting from tuberculosis.

Hashemian SM, Mortaz E, Tabarsi P, Jamaati H, Maghsoomi Z, Khosravi A, Garssen J, Masjedi MR, Velayati AA, Folkerts G, Barnes PJ, Adcock IM - J Inflamm (Lond) (2014)

Bottom Line: CXCL8 levels in BAL were significantly higher in the ARDS + TB group compared to TB and ARDS alone groups.In addition, CXCL8 levels and neutrophils were increased in non-miliary TB versus miliary TB.This further suggests that CXCL8 inhibitors or blockers may be useful to control the onset and/or development of these combined diseases.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Chronic Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

ABSTRACT

Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is a rare but known cause of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The role of inflammatory cytokines in the progression of ARDS in TB patients is unknown.

Objectives: In this study we investigated the possible link between the levels of inflammatory cytokines in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) in patients with TB or ARDS alone or in patients with TB-induced ARDS (ARDS + TB).

Methods: 90 patients were studied: 30 with TB alone, 30 with ARDS alone and 30 with ARDS + TB. BAL was collected by fiberoptic bronchoscopy and the concentrations of interleukin(IL)-6, CXCL8, TNF-α and IL-1β and the amounts of total protein were measured by ELISA and bicinchoninic acid assay (BCA) methods respectively. The correlation between disease severity measured by Murray scores, SOFA and APACHE II analysis and BAL mediators and cells was also determined.

Results: CXCL8 levels in BAL were significantly higher in the ARDS + TB group compared to TB and ARDS alone groups. Disease severity in the ARDS + TB group as determined by Murray score correlated with BAL CXCL8 and neutrophils but not with IL-6, IL-1β and TNF-α concentrations. In addition, CXCL8 levels and neutrophils were increased in non-miliary TB versus miliary TB. This difference in CXCL8 was lost in the presence of ARDS.

Conclusions: BAL CXCL8 levels were significantly higher in patients with ARDS induced by TB and could suggest an important role of CXCL8 in the pathogenesis of this form of ARDS. This further suggests that CXCL8 inhibitors or blockers may be useful to control the onset and/or development of these combined diseases.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Cytokines levels in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) of patients with tuberculosis (TB), acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and the combination of both TB and ARDS. BAL CXCL8 (A), IL-6 (B), IL-1β (C) and TNFα (D) levels in patients with TB, ARDS and in combined patients were measured by ELISA as described in material and methods. Control subjects are age-matched with a negative PPD (purified protein derivative) test. Data are presented as mean ± SEM (n = 30 in each group except for controls where n = 20). *p ≤ 0.05, **p ≤ 0.01 and ***p ≤ 0.01 compared with control.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4126912&req=5

Figure 1: Cytokines levels in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) of patients with tuberculosis (TB), acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and the combination of both TB and ARDS. BAL CXCL8 (A), IL-6 (B), IL-1β (C) and TNFα (D) levels in patients with TB, ARDS and in combined patients were measured by ELISA as described in material and methods. Control subjects are age-matched with a negative PPD (purified protein derivative) test. Data are presented as mean ± SEM (n = 30 in each group except for controls where n = 20). *p ≤ 0.05, **p ≤ 0.01 and ***p ≤ 0.01 compared with control.

Mentions: CXCL-8 concentrations in BAL were significantly elevated in the TB alone and ARDS alone groups compared to disease controls (patients who underwent a BAL for another reason) and further increased in the ARDS + TB group (Figure 1A). The concentrations of IL-6 were similar in all groups and were significantly elevated compared to the control group (Figure 1B). Similar results were observed for the BAL concentrations of IL-1β (Figure 1C). The concentration of BAL TNF-α was significantly greater than control levels in the TB group and was further increased in the ARDS alone and in the ARDS + TB group (Figure 1D). There was no significant difference between the levels of TNF-α in the TB alone group and the other disease groups.


Elevated CXCL-8 expression in bronchoalveolar lavage correlates with disease severity in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome resulting from tuberculosis.

Hashemian SM, Mortaz E, Tabarsi P, Jamaati H, Maghsoomi Z, Khosravi A, Garssen J, Masjedi MR, Velayati AA, Folkerts G, Barnes PJ, Adcock IM - J Inflamm (Lond) (2014)

Cytokines levels in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) of patients with tuberculosis (TB), acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and the combination of both TB and ARDS. BAL CXCL8 (A), IL-6 (B), IL-1β (C) and TNFα (D) levels in patients with TB, ARDS and in combined patients were measured by ELISA as described in material and methods. Control subjects are age-matched with a negative PPD (purified protein derivative) test. Data are presented as mean ± SEM (n = 30 in each group except for controls where n = 20). *p ≤ 0.05, **p ≤ 0.01 and ***p ≤ 0.01 compared with control.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4126912&req=5

Figure 1: Cytokines levels in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) of patients with tuberculosis (TB), acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and the combination of both TB and ARDS. BAL CXCL8 (A), IL-6 (B), IL-1β (C) and TNFα (D) levels in patients with TB, ARDS and in combined patients were measured by ELISA as described in material and methods. Control subjects are age-matched with a negative PPD (purified protein derivative) test. Data are presented as mean ± SEM (n = 30 in each group except for controls where n = 20). *p ≤ 0.05, **p ≤ 0.01 and ***p ≤ 0.01 compared with control.
Mentions: CXCL-8 concentrations in BAL were significantly elevated in the TB alone and ARDS alone groups compared to disease controls (patients who underwent a BAL for another reason) and further increased in the ARDS + TB group (Figure 1A). The concentrations of IL-6 were similar in all groups and were significantly elevated compared to the control group (Figure 1B). Similar results were observed for the BAL concentrations of IL-1β (Figure 1C). The concentration of BAL TNF-α was significantly greater than control levels in the TB group and was further increased in the ARDS alone and in the ARDS + TB group (Figure 1D). There was no significant difference between the levels of TNF-α in the TB alone group and the other disease groups.

Bottom Line: CXCL8 levels in BAL were significantly higher in the ARDS + TB group compared to TB and ARDS alone groups.In addition, CXCL8 levels and neutrophils were increased in non-miliary TB versus miliary TB.This further suggests that CXCL8 inhibitors or blockers may be useful to control the onset and/or development of these combined diseases.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Chronic Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

ABSTRACT

Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is a rare but known cause of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The role of inflammatory cytokines in the progression of ARDS in TB patients is unknown.

Objectives: In this study we investigated the possible link between the levels of inflammatory cytokines in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) in patients with TB or ARDS alone or in patients with TB-induced ARDS (ARDS + TB).

Methods: 90 patients were studied: 30 with TB alone, 30 with ARDS alone and 30 with ARDS + TB. BAL was collected by fiberoptic bronchoscopy and the concentrations of interleukin(IL)-6, CXCL8, TNF-α and IL-1β and the amounts of total protein were measured by ELISA and bicinchoninic acid assay (BCA) methods respectively. The correlation between disease severity measured by Murray scores, SOFA and APACHE II analysis and BAL mediators and cells was also determined.

Results: CXCL8 levels in BAL were significantly higher in the ARDS + TB group compared to TB and ARDS alone groups. Disease severity in the ARDS + TB group as determined by Murray score correlated with BAL CXCL8 and neutrophils but not with IL-6, IL-1β and TNF-α concentrations. In addition, CXCL8 levels and neutrophils were increased in non-miliary TB versus miliary TB. This difference in CXCL8 was lost in the presence of ARDS.

Conclusions: BAL CXCL8 levels were significantly higher in patients with ARDS induced by TB and could suggest an important role of CXCL8 in the pathogenesis of this form of ARDS. This further suggests that CXCL8 inhibitors or blockers may be useful to control the onset and/or development of these combined diseases.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus