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Sexual behaviour, contraceptive knowledge and use among female undergraduates' students of Muhimbili and Dar es Salaam Universities, Tanzania: a cross-sectional study.

Somba MJ, Mbonile M, Obure J, Mahande MJ - BMC Womens Health (2014)

Bottom Line: A P-value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.Marital status, age at first sex, ever had sex, ever been pregnant and unwanted pregnancies were associated with use of contraception.This needs advocacy for adolescence reproductive health education to promote the use of the available contraceptive services amongst university students.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, P,O, Box 1638, Moshi, Tanzania. jmmahande@gmail.com.

ABSTRACT

Background: The rate of premarital sexual activity, unwanted pregnancies and illegal abortions remain higher among university students. This calls for understanding the knowledge on contraceptive use and sexual behaviours among this high risk group if the incidence of unintended pregnancy, illegal abortions and high sexual risky behaviour are to be minimized. This study aimed to assess ssexual behaviour, contraceptive knowledge and use among female undergraduates' students of Muhimbili and Dar es Salaam Universities in Tanzania.

Methods: A cross-sectional analytic study was conducted among undergraduate female students in the two Universities located in Dar es Salaam region, Tanzania. The study period was from June 2013 to October 2013. A self-administered questionnaire was given to 281 students. Of these, 253 were retrieved, giving a response rate of 90%. Data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) for Windows version 17.0. Descriptive statistics were summarized. The chi square test was used to examine relationship between various sociodemographic and sexual behaviours variables with contraceptive use. A P-value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: Results showed that majority (70.4%) of the students have had sexual intercourse. All participants had knowledge of contraception. More than half, 148 (58.5%) of sexually active women reported ever used contraception before while 105 (41.5%) were current contraceptive users. Majority (74.7%) of the sexually active group started sexual activity at young age (19-24 years). Condom, 221(24.3%) and pills, 153 (16.8%) were the known contraceptive methods. The most popular method of contraception used were condoms, withdrawal and periodic abstinence. The main sources of information about contraception were from friends, radio and school (39.5%, 36% and 24%) respectively. Forty (15.8%) women had pregnancies. Of these, 11 (27%) have had unwanted pregnancies among which 54.6% have had induced abortion. Marital status, age at first sex, ever had sex, ever been pregnant and unwanted pregnancies were associated with use of contraception.

Conclusions: Most of the student's had knowledge of contraception. However, rate of contraception use is still low. Majority of the respondent were sexually active, with the majority started sexual activity at young age. This needs advocacy for adolescence reproductive health education to promote the use of the available contraceptive services amongst university students.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Location of the Study Area in Dar es Salaam Region.
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Figure 1: Location of the Study Area in Dar es Salaam Region.

Mentions: A cross-sectional analytic study was carried out from June 2013 to October 2013 in Dar es Salaam region of Tanzania. Two universities, one medical University (Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Science i.e. MUHAS) and University of Dar es Salaam (UDSM)) which is a non-medical were conveniently selected (FigureĀ 1). From each participating institution, we only recruited women undergraduate students (married and unmarried).


Sexual behaviour, contraceptive knowledge and use among female undergraduates' students of Muhimbili and Dar es Salaam Universities, Tanzania: a cross-sectional study.

Somba MJ, Mbonile M, Obure J, Mahande MJ - BMC Womens Health (2014)

Location of the Study Area in Dar es Salaam Region.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4126911&req=5

Figure 1: Location of the Study Area in Dar es Salaam Region.
Mentions: A cross-sectional analytic study was carried out from June 2013 to October 2013 in Dar es Salaam region of Tanzania. Two universities, one medical University (Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Science i.e. MUHAS) and University of Dar es Salaam (UDSM)) which is a non-medical were conveniently selected (FigureĀ 1). From each participating institution, we only recruited women undergraduate students (married and unmarried).

Bottom Line: A P-value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.Marital status, age at first sex, ever had sex, ever been pregnant and unwanted pregnancies were associated with use of contraception.This needs advocacy for adolescence reproductive health education to promote the use of the available contraceptive services amongst university students.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, P,O, Box 1638, Moshi, Tanzania. jmmahande@gmail.com.

ABSTRACT

Background: The rate of premarital sexual activity, unwanted pregnancies and illegal abortions remain higher among university students. This calls for understanding the knowledge on contraceptive use and sexual behaviours among this high risk group if the incidence of unintended pregnancy, illegal abortions and high sexual risky behaviour are to be minimized. This study aimed to assess ssexual behaviour, contraceptive knowledge and use among female undergraduates' students of Muhimbili and Dar es Salaam Universities in Tanzania.

Methods: A cross-sectional analytic study was conducted among undergraduate female students in the two Universities located in Dar es Salaam region, Tanzania. The study period was from June 2013 to October 2013. A self-administered questionnaire was given to 281 students. Of these, 253 were retrieved, giving a response rate of 90%. Data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) for Windows version 17.0. Descriptive statistics were summarized. The chi square test was used to examine relationship between various sociodemographic and sexual behaviours variables with contraceptive use. A P-value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: Results showed that majority (70.4%) of the students have had sexual intercourse. All participants had knowledge of contraception. More than half, 148 (58.5%) of sexually active women reported ever used contraception before while 105 (41.5%) were current contraceptive users. Majority (74.7%) of the sexually active group started sexual activity at young age (19-24 years). Condom, 221(24.3%) and pills, 153 (16.8%) were the known contraceptive methods. The most popular method of contraception used were condoms, withdrawal and periodic abstinence. The main sources of information about contraception were from friends, radio and school (39.5%, 36% and 24%) respectively. Forty (15.8%) women had pregnancies. Of these, 11 (27%) have had unwanted pregnancies among which 54.6% have had induced abortion. Marital status, age at first sex, ever had sex, ever been pregnant and unwanted pregnancies were associated with use of contraception.

Conclusions: Most of the student's had knowledge of contraception. However, rate of contraception use is still low. Majority of the respondent were sexually active, with the majority started sexual activity at young age. This needs advocacy for adolescence reproductive health education to promote the use of the available contraceptive services amongst university students.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus