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Meta-analytic evidence of low convergence between implicit and explicit measures of the needs for achievement, affiliation, and power.

Köllner MG, Schultheiss OC - Front Psychol (2014)

Bottom Line: Studies from a comprehensive search in PsycINFO, data sets of our research group, a literature list compiled by an expert, and the results of a request for gray literature were examined for relevance and coded.Participant age did not moderate the size of these relationships.However, a greater proportion of males in the samples and an earlier publication year were associated with larger effect sizes.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Human Motivation and Affective Neuroscience Lab, Department of Psychology and Sport Sciences, Institute of Psychology, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) Erlangen, Germany.

ABSTRACT
The correlation between implicit and explicit motive measures and potential moderators of this relationship were examined meta-analytically, using Hunter and Schmidt's (2004) approach. Studies from a comprehensive search in PsycINFO, data sets of our research group, a literature list compiled by an expert, and the results of a request for gray literature were examined for relevance and coded. Analyses were based on 49 papers, 56 independent samples, 6151 subjects, and 167 correlations. The correlations (ρ) between implicit and explicit measures were 0.130 (CI: 0.077-0.183) for the overall relationship, 0.116 (CI: 0.050-0.182) for affiliation, 0.139 (CI: 0.080-0.198) for achievement, and 0.038 (CI: -0.055-0.131) for power. Participant age did not moderate the size of these relationships. However, a greater proportion of males in the samples and an earlier publication year were associated with larger effect sizes.

No MeSH data available.


Linear relationship of percentage of female participants in a sample with study correlation corrected for sampling error.
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Figure 2: Linear relationship of percentage of female participants in a sample with study correlation corrected for sampling error.

Mentions: Characteristics of the sample. Figure 2 shows the relationship of percentage of female participants in a sample with the study correlation. Contrary to our assumption, it was slightly different from zero (see Table 6) and negative: The higher the proportion of women in a sample, the lower the correlation of implicit and explicit motive measures. Additional hypothesis 3.1 concerning gender was not supported.


Meta-analytic evidence of low convergence between implicit and explicit measures of the needs for achievement, affiliation, and power.

Köllner MG, Schultheiss OC - Front Psychol (2014)

Linear relationship of percentage of female participants in a sample with study correlation corrected for sampling error.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4126572&req=5

Figure 2: Linear relationship of percentage of female participants in a sample with study correlation corrected for sampling error.
Mentions: Characteristics of the sample. Figure 2 shows the relationship of percentage of female participants in a sample with the study correlation. Contrary to our assumption, it was slightly different from zero (see Table 6) and negative: The higher the proportion of women in a sample, the lower the correlation of implicit and explicit motive measures. Additional hypothesis 3.1 concerning gender was not supported.

Bottom Line: Studies from a comprehensive search in PsycINFO, data sets of our research group, a literature list compiled by an expert, and the results of a request for gray literature were examined for relevance and coded.Participant age did not moderate the size of these relationships.However, a greater proportion of males in the samples and an earlier publication year were associated with larger effect sizes.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Human Motivation and Affective Neuroscience Lab, Department of Psychology and Sport Sciences, Institute of Psychology, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) Erlangen, Germany.

ABSTRACT
The correlation between implicit and explicit motive measures and potential moderators of this relationship were examined meta-analytically, using Hunter and Schmidt's (2004) approach. Studies from a comprehensive search in PsycINFO, data sets of our research group, a literature list compiled by an expert, and the results of a request for gray literature were examined for relevance and coded. Analyses were based on 49 papers, 56 independent samples, 6151 subjects, and 167 correlations. The correlations (ρ) between implicit and explicit measures were 0.130 (CI: 0.077-0.183) for the overall relationship, 0.116 (CI: 0.050-0.182) for affiliation, 0.139 (CI: 0.080-0.198) for achievement, and 0.038 (CI: -0.055-0.131) for power. Participant age did not moderate the size of these relationships. However, a greater proportion of males in the samples and an earlier publication year were associated with larger effect sizes.

No MeSH data available.