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Meta-analytic evidence of low convergence between implicit and explicit measures of the needs for achievement, affiliation, and power.

Köllner MG, Schultheiss OC - Front Psychol (2014)

Bottom Line: Studies from a comprehensive search in PsycINFO, data sets of our research group, a literature list compiled by an expert, and the results of a request for gray literature were examined for relevance and coded.Participant age did not moderate the size of these relationships.However, a greater proportion of males in the samples and an earlier publication year were associated with larger effect sizes.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Human Motivation and Affective Neuroscience Lab, Department of Psychology and Sport Sciences, Institute of Psychology, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) Erlangen, Germany.

ABSTRACT
The correlation between implicit and explicit motive measures and potential moderators of this relationship were examined meta-analytically, using Hunter and Schmidt's (2004) approach. Studies from a comprehensive search in PsycINFO, data sets of our research group, a literature list compiled by an expert, and the results of a request for gray literature were examined for relevance and coded. Analyses were based on 49 papers, 56 independent samples, 6151 subjects, and 167 correlations. The correlations (ρ) between implicit and explicit measures were 0.130 (CI: 0.077-0.183) for the overall relationship, 0.116 (CI: 0.050-0.182) for affiliation, 0.139 (CI: 0.080-0.198) for achievement, and 0.038 (CI: -0.055-0.131) for power. Participant age did not moderate the size of these relationships. However, a greater proportion of males in the samples and an earlier publication year were associated with larger effect sizes.

No MeSH data available.


Overview of the procedure used in collecting and analyzing the literature with number of studies in the respective subsample given in brackets. White background, retained; dark background, excluded.
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Figure 1: Overview of the procedure used in collecting and analyzing the literature with number of studies in the respective subsample given in brackets. White background, retained; dark background, excluded.

Mentions: Literature was gathered and analyzed in three steps prior to meta-analytic computations: A comprehensive literature search, followed by acquisition and coding of eligible papers (for an overview see Figure 1). Units of analysis were studies meeting the inclusion criteria specified below. We use the term “study” to refer to a statistically independent sample, not to a paper.


Meta-analytic evidence of low convergence between implicit and explicit measures of the needs for achievement, affiliation, and power.

Köllner MG, Schultheiss OC - Front Psychol (2014)

Overview of the procedure used in collecting and analyzing the literature with number of studies in the respective subsample given in brackets. White background, retained; dark background, excluded.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4126572&req=5

Figure 1: Overview of the procedure used in collecting and analyzing the literature with number of studies in the respective subsample given in brackets. White background, retained; dark background, excluded.
Mentions: Literature was gathered and analyzed in three steps prior to meta-analytic computations: A comprehensive literature search, followed by acquisition and coding of eligible papers (for an overview see Figure 1). Units of analysis were studies meeting the inclusion criteria specified below. We use the term “study” to refer to a statistically independent sample, not to a paper.

Bottom Line: Studies from a comprehensive search in PsycINFO, data sets of our research group, a literature list compiled by an expert, and the results of a request for gray literature were examined for relevance and coded.Participant age did not moderate the size of these relationships.However, a greater proportion of males in the samples and an earlier publication year were associated with larger effect sizes.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Human Motivation and Affective Neuroscience Lab, Department of Psychology and Sport Sciences, Institute of Psychology, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) Erlangen, Germany.

ABSTRACT
The correlation between implicit and explicit motive measures and potential moderators of this relationship were examined meta-analytically, using Hunter and Schmidt's (2004) approach. Studies from a comprehensive search in PsycINFO, data sets of our research group, a literature list compiled by an expert, and the results of a request for gray literature were examined for relevance and coded. Analyses were based on 49 papers, 56 independent samples, 6151 subjects, and 167 correlations. The correlations (ρ) between implicit and explicit measures were 0.130 (CI: 0.077-0.183) for the overall relationship, 0.116 (CI: 0.050-0.182) for affiliation, 0.139 (CI: 0.080-0.198) for achievement, and 0.038 (CI: -0.055-0.131) for power. Participant age did not moderate the size of these relationships. However, a greater proportion of males in the samples and an earlier publication year were associated with larger effect sizes.

No MeSH data available.