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Relationship among Bone Mineral Density Reduction, Hearing Loss, and Balance Disorders in Osteoporotic Patients.

Radaei F, Gharibzadeh S - Front Bioeng Biotechnol (2013)

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Neural and Cognitive Sciences Laboratory, Biomedical Engineering Faculty, Amirkabir University of Technology , Tehran , Iran.

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Osteoporosis is a disease that weakens bones and is known to be “silent,” but it does not mean that it should be ignored... In another word, in osteoporotic patients due to reduction of bone formation in comparison with bone re-absorption, low bone mineral is stored and as a result BMD loss occurs (Bone et al., ; Marie, )... On the other hand, according to some researches, it has been shown that there is a correlation between BMD loss in osteoporotic patients and conductive hearing loss; in those patients over a specific age, changing the structure of the ossicles or hormonal mechanism in hearing may correlate BMD loss with hearing loss (Shafer, ; Babich et al., )... Due to these changes, endolymph within the canals moves inner ear’s hair cells... As a result, position of the head is sensed by hair cells... What is more, there are some evidences that show due to metabolic dysfunction in bones – osteoporosis – there is a correlation between hearing loss and balance disorders (Zatonski et al., )... In conclusion, we hypothesize that in osteoporotic patients, who have low BMD, hearing loss occurs and as a result balance problems happen... In spite of the fact that some researchers have shown that osteoporotic patients have balance disorders and hearing loss (Henkin et al., ; Matsuo et al., ), the possible relationship with BMD loss and hearing loss has not been clarified up to now (Figure 1)... In fact, our methodology toward this study would be based on clinical records of patients... Basically, patients’ BMD score, history of falling (summary of their status of stability), and their auditory test score is needed to provide our hypothesis... Last but not least, it is proposed that using some specific earphones which intensify the sound, by compensating the hearing loss in patients may reduce risk of falls in osteoporotic patients who suffer from balance problems, but obviously earphones are not preventive enough for falling.

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Relationship between BMD loss and balance disorders in osteoporotic patients.
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Figure 1: Relationship between BMD loss and balance disorders in osteoporotic patients.

Mentions: In conclusion, we hypothesize that in osteoporotic patients, who have low BMD, hearing loss occurs and as a result balance problems happen. In spite of the fact that some researchers have shown that osteoporotic patients have balance disorders and hearing loss (Henkin et al., 1972; Matsuo et al., 2005), the possible relationship with BMD loss and hearing loss has not been clarified up to now (Figure 1). In fact, our methodology toward this study would be based on clinical records of patients. Basically, patients’ BMD score, history of falling (summary of their status of stability), and their auditory test score is needed to provide our hypothesis. Last but not least, it is proposed that using some specific earphones which intensify the sound, by compensating the hearing loss in patients may reduce risk of falls in osteoporotic patients who suffer from balance problems, but obviously earphones are not preventive enough for falling. Surely experimental researches and clinical trials are needed to validate our hypothesis.


Relationship among Bone Mineral Density Reduction, Hearing Loss, and Balance Disorders in Osteoporotic Patients.

Radaei F, Gharibzadeh S - Front Bioeng Biotechnol (2013)

Relationship between BMD loss and balance disorders in osteoporotic patients.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4126382&req=5

Figure 1: Relationship between BMD loss and balance disorders in osteoporotic patients.
Mentions: In conclusion, we hypothesize that in osteoporotic patients, who have low BMD, hearing loss occurs and as a result balance problems happen. In spite of the fact that some researchers have shown that osteoporotic patients have balance disorders and hearing loss (Henkin et al., 1972; Matsuo et al., 2005), the possible relationship with BMD loss and hearing loss has not been clarified up to now (Figure 1). In fact, our methodology toward this study would be based on clinical records of patients. Basically, patients’ BMD score, history of falling (summary of their status of stability), and their auditory test score is needed to provide our hypothesis. Last but not least, it is proposed that using some specific earphones which intensify the sound, by compensating the hearing loss in patients may reduce risk of falls in osteoporotic patients who suffer from balance problems, but obviously earphones are not preventive enough for falling. Surely experimental researches and clinical trials are needed to validate our hypothesis.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Neural and Cognitive Sciences Laboratory, Biomedical Engineering Faculty, Amirkabir University of Technology , Tehran , Iran.

AUTOMATICALLY GENERATED EXCERPT
Please rate it.

Osteoporosis is a disease that weakens bones and is known to be “silent,” but it does not mean that it should be ignored... In another word, in osteoporotic patients due to reduction of bone formation in comparison with bone re-absorption, low bone mineral is stored and as a result BMD loss occurs (Bone et al., ; Marie, )... On the other hand, according to some researches, it has been shown that there is a correlation between BMD loss in osteoporotic patients and conductive hearing loss; in those patients over a specific age, changing the structure of the ossicles or hormonal mechanism in hearing may correlate BMD loss with hearing loss (Shafer, ; Babich et al., )... Due to these changes, endolymph within the canals moves inner ear’s hair cells... As a result, position of the head is sensed by hair cells... What is more, there are some evidences that show due to metabolic dysfunction in bones – osteoporosis – there is a correlation between hearing loss and balance disorders (Zatonski et al., )... In conclusion, we hypothesize that in osteoporotic patients, who have low BMD, hearing loss occurs and as a result balance problems happen... In spite of the fact that some researchers have shown that osteoporotic patients have balance disorders and hearing loss (Henkin et al., ; Matsuo et al., ), the possible relationship with BMD loss and hearing loss has not been clarified up to now (Figure 1)... In fact, our methodology toward this study would be based on clinical records of patients... Basically, patients’ BMD score, history of falling (summary of their status of stability), and their auditory test score is needed to provide our hypothesis... Last but not least, it is proposed that using some specific earphones which intensify the sound, by compensating the hearing loss in patients may reduce risk of falls in osteoporotic patients who suffer from balance problems, but obviously earphones are not preventive enough for falling.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus