Large-scale filament formation inhibits the activity of CTP synthetase.
Bottom Line: Structure-guided mutagenesis and mathematical modeling further indicate that coupling activity to polymerization promotes cooperative catalytic regulation.This previously uncharacterized regulatory mechanism is important for cellular function since a mutant that disrupts CtpS polymerization disrupts E. coli growth and metabolic regulation without reducing CTP levels.We propose that regulation by large-scale polymerization enables ultrasensitive control of enzymatic activity while storing an enzyme subpopulation in a conformationally restricted form that is readily activatable.
Affiliation: Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, United States.Show MeSH
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Mentions: To better understand the mechanism of enzymatic inhibition by polymerization, we determined the structure of the CtpS filament by cryo-electron microscopy at 8.4 Å resolution (Figure 3—figure supplement 1). The repeating subunits of the filament are X-shaped CtpS tetramers (Figure 3A). The helical symmetry of the filament results in CtpS tetramers stacked atop one another with the arms of the adjacent Xs interdigitated. The 222 point group symmetry of the tetramer is maintained within the filament, resulting in overall twofold symmetry both along and perpendicular to the helical axis. A significant effect of this unusual symmetry is that, unlike many biological polymers, CtpS filaments are apolar.10.7554/eLife.03638.017Figure 3.Cryo-EM structure of CtpS filaments at 8.4 Å resolution.
Affiliation: Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, United States.