Large-scale filament formation inhibits the activity of CTP synthetase.
Bottom Line: Structure-guided mutagenesis and mathematical modeling further indicate that coupling activity to polymerization promotes cooperative catalytic regulation.This previously uncharacterized regulatory mechanism is important for cellular function since a mutant that disrupts CtpS polymerization disrupts E. coli growth and metabolic regulation without reducing CTP levels.We propose that regulation by large-scale polymerization enables ultrasensitive control of enzymatic activity while storing an enzyme subpopulation in a conformationally restricted form that is readily activatable.
Affiliation: Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, United States.Show MeSH
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Mentions: To create an atomic model of the CtpS filament, we fit a monomer of the E. coli CtpS crystal structure into the cryo-EM structure as three rigid bodies (ALase domain, GATase domain, and the linker region) (Figure 3B). There is a slight rotation between the GATase and ALase domains, similar to the variation seen across crystal structures of full length CtpS (Figure 3—figure supplement 2A). There is a strong density for CTP bound at the inhibitory site, and no density in the predicted UTP active site (Figure 3—figure supplement 2B), confirming the biochemical data that CTP binding favors assembly. Weaker density is also observed for ADP, but there is no density in the predicted GTP allosteric regulatory site (Figure 3—figure supplement 2C,D). There is a minor rearrangement of the tetramerization interface in the filament relative to the crystal structure that results in a compression of the tetramer by about 3 Å along the length of the filament axis (Figure 4).10.7554/eLife.03638.020Figure 4.Rearrangement of the CtpS tetramerization interface within the filament.
Affiliation: Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, United States.