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Role of ultrasound in evaluation of peripheral nerves.

Lawande AD, Warrier SS, Joshi MS - Indian J Radiol Imaging (2014)

Bottom Line: Ultrasonography (USG) is an excellent cost-effective modality in imaging of peripheral nerves.With the newer high-frequency probes with different footprints which allow high-resolution imaging at relatively superficial location, USG can detect and evaluate traumatic, inflammatory, infective, neoplastic, and compressive pathologies of the peripheral nerves.This article describes the technique for evaluation of nerves by USG as well as the USG appearances of normal and diseased peripheral nerves.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Dr. Joshi's Imaging Clinic, 809, Harjivandas Estate, Dadar East, Hindu Colony, Dadar East, Mumbai, India.

ABSTRACT
Ultrasonography (USG) is an excellent cost-effective modality in imaging of peripheral nerves. With the newer high-frequency probes with different footprints which allow high-resolution imaging at relatively superficial location, USG can detect and evaluate traumatic, inflammatory, infective, neoplastic, and compressive pathologies of the peripheral nerves. This article describes the technique for evaluation of nerves by USG as well as the USG appearances of normal and diseased peripheral nerves.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

(A) Longitudinal and (B) axial USG images in a patient with previous history of fracture repair of humerus at the elbow. The K wire is impinging on the nerve, causing chronic nerve degeneration seen as hypoechoic appearance of nerve with loss of normal fascicular architecture
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Figure 3: (A) Longitudinal and (B) axial USG images in a patient with previous history of fracture repair of humerus at the elbow. The K wire is impinging on the nerve, causing chronic nerve degeneration seen as hypoechoic appearance of nerve with loss of normal fascicular architecture

Mentions: USG can be used to detect and demonstrate the site of injury, differentiate nerve injury in continuity from nerve transection, evaluate the cause of compression, and detect foreign bodies as well as neuroma or scarring. USG is also useful in localizing iatrogenic nerve injury following limb lengthening procedures or due to orthopedic implants where magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may be limited due to susceptibility artifacts [Figure 3A and B].[3]


Role of ultrasound in evaluation of peripheral nerves.

Lawande AD, Warrier SS, Joshi MS - Indian J Radiol Imaging (2014)

(A) Longitudinal and (B) axial USG images in a patient with previous history of fracture repair of humerus at the elbow. The K wire is impinging on the nerve, causing chronic nerve degeneration seen as hypoechoic appearance of nerve with loss of normal fascicular architecture
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4126140&req=5

Figure 3: (A) Longitudinal and (B) axial USG images in a patient with previous history of fracture repair of humerus at the elbow. The K wire is impinging on the nerve, causing chronic nerve degeneration seen as hypoechoic appearance of nerve with loss of normal fascicular architecture
Mentions: USG can be used to detect and demonstrate the site of injury, differentiate nerve injury in continuity from nerve transection, evaluate the cause of compression, and detect foreign bodies as well as neuroma or scarring. USG is also useful in localizing iatrogenic nerve injury following limb lengthening procedures or due to orthopedic implants where magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may be limited due to susceptibility artifacts [Figure 3A and B].[3]

Bottom Line: Ultrasonography (USG) is an excellent cost-effective modality in imaging of peripheral nerves.With the newer high-frequency probes with different footprints which allow high-resolution imaging at relatively superficial location, USG can detect and evaluate traumatic, inflammatory, infective, neoplastic, and compressive pathologies of the peripheral nerves.This article describes the technique for evaluation of nerves by USG as well as the USG appearances of normal and diseased peripheral nerves.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Dr. Joshi's Imaging Clinic, 809, Harjivandas Estate, Dadar East, Hindu Colony, Dadar East, Mumbai, India.

ABSTRACT
Ultrasonography (USG) is an excellent cost-effective modality in imaging of peripheral nerves. With the newer high-frequency probes with different footprints which allow high-resolution imaging at relatively superficial location, USG can detect and evaluate traumatic, inflammatory, infective, neoplastic, and compressive pathologies of the peripheral nerves. This article describes the technique for evaluation of nerves by USG as well as the USG appearances of normal and diseased peripheral nerves.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus