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Imaging of articular cartilage.

Paunipagar BK, Rasalkar D - Indian J Radiol Imaging (2014)

Bottom Line: It is frequently exposed to trauma, degeneration, and repetitive wear and tear.MRI has played a vital role in evaluation of articular cartilage.With the availability of advanced repair surgeries for cartilage lesions, there has been an increased demand for improved cartilage imaging techniques.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Imaging Sciences, Global Hospitals, Mumbai, India.

ABSTRACT
We tried to review the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in understanding microscopic and morphologic structure of the articular cartilage. The optimal protocols and available spin-echo sequences in present day practice are reviewed in context of common pathologies of articular cartilage. The future trends of articular cartilage imaging have been discussed with their appropriateness. In diarthrodial joints of the body, articular cartilage is functionally very important. It is frequently exposed to trauma, degeneration, and repetitive wear and tear. MRI has played a vital role in evaluation of articular cartilage. With the availability of advanced repair surgeries for cartilage lesions, there has been an increased demand for improved cartilage imaging techniques. Recent advances in imaging strategies for native and postoperative articular cartilage open up an entirely new approach in management of cartilage-related pathologies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Sagittal water selective 3D DESS imaging of wrist (TR/TE 14.1/5 ms). At the flip angle of 60°, there is highest signal intensity of articular cartilage with highest contrast-to-noise ratio of cartilage. Note excellent details of articular cartilage. Note that the details of subchondral bone are compromised
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Figure 17: Sagittal water selective 3D DESS imaging of wrist (TR/TE 14.1/5 ms). At the flip angle of 60°, there is highest signal intensity of articular cartilage with highest contrast-to-noise ratio of cartilage. Note excellent details of articular cartilage. Note that the details of subchondral bone are compromised

Mentions: DESS imaging has proven useful for the evaluation of cartilage imaging and 3-mm slices can be acquired in about 6 min. Initial studies of cartilage morphology have been performed using DEFT imaging,[4041] but this technique has not been conclusively proven to be superior to 2D approaches [Figure 17].


Imaging of articular cartilage.

Paunipagar BK, Rasalkar D - Indian J Radiol Imaging (2014)

Sagittal water selective 3D DESS imaging of wrist (TR/TE 14.1/5 ms). At the flip angle of 60°, there is highest signal intensity of articular cartilage with highest contrast-to-noise ratio of cartilage. Note excellent details of articular cartilage. Note that the details of subchondral bone are compromised
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4126138&req=5

Figure 17: Sagittal water selective 3D DESS imaging of wrist (TR/TE 14.1/5 ms). At the flip angle of 60°, there is highest signal intensity of articular cartilage with highest contrast-to-noise ratio of cartilage. Note excellent details of articular cartilage. Note that the details of subchondral bone are compromised
Mentions: DESS imaging has proven useful for the evaluation of cartilage imaging and 3-mm slices can be acquired in about 6 min. Initial studies of cartilage morphology have been performed using DEFT imaging,[4041] but this technique has not been conclusively proven to be superior to 2D approaches [Figure 17].

Bottom Line: It is frequently exposed to trauma, degeneration, and repetitive wear and tear.MRI has played a vital role in evaluation of articular cartilage.With the availability of advanced repair surgeries for cartilage lesions, there has been an increased demand for improved cartilage imaging techniques.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Imaging Sciences, Global Hospitals, Mumbai, India.

ABSTRACT
We tried to review the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in understanding microscopic and morphologic structure of the articular cartilage. The optimal protocols and available spin-echo sequences in present day practice are reviewed in context of common pathologies of articular cartilage. The future trends of articular cartilage imaging have been discussed with their appropriateness. In diarthrodial joints of the body, articular cartilage is functionally very important. It is frequently exposed to trauma, degeneration, and repetitive wear and tear. MRI has played a vital role in evaluation of articular cartilage. With the availability of advanced repair surgeries for cartilage lesions, there has been an increased demand for improved cartilage imaging techniques. Recent advances in imaging strategies for native and postoperative articular cartilage open up an entirely new approach in management of cartilage-related pathologies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus