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Imaging of articular cartilage.

Paunipagar BK, Rasalkar D - Indian J Radiol Imaging (2014)

Bottom Line: It is frequently exposed to trauma, degeneration, and repetitive wear and tear.MRI has played a vital role in evaluation of articular cartilage.With the availability of advanced repair surgeries for cartilage lesions, there has been an increased demand for improved cartilage imaging techniques.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Imaging Sciences, Global Hospitals, Mumbai, India.

ABSTRACT
We tried to review the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in understanding microscopic and morphologic structure of the articular cartilage. The optimal protocols and available spin-echo sequences in present day practice are reviewed in context of common pathologies of articular cartilage. The future trends of articular cartilage imaging have been discussed with their appropriateness. In diarthrodial joints of the body, articular cartilage is functionally very important. It is frequently exposed to trauma, degeneration, and repetitive wear and tear. MRI has played a vital role in evaluation of articular cartilage. With the availability of advanced repair surgeries for cartilage lesions, there has been an increased demand for improved cartilage imaging techniques. Recent advances in imaging strategies for native and postoperative articular cartilage open up an entirely new approach in management of cartilage-related pathologies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

(A) Axial FS PD-weighted sequence (TR/TE, 884/26; flip angle, 30°) image of knee joint shows grade 4 chondromalacia (yellow arrow) of articular cartilage in median patellar ridge and lateral patellar facet. The remainder of articular cartilage is irregularly thinned out. There is a moderate amount of edema of marrow in subchondral aspect (white arrow). (B) Coronal FS PD weighted images of an adult patient. There is a large osteochondral lesion involving weight-bearing surface of medial tibial condyle. There is a moderate depression of this osteochondral lesion (arrow) with moderate surrounding marrow edema
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Figure 16: (A) Axial FS PD-weighted sequence (TR/TE, 884/26; flip angle, 30°) image of knee joint shows grade 4 chondromalacia (yellow arrow) of articular cartilage in median patellar ridge and lateral patellar facet. The remainder of articular cartilage is irregularly thinned out. There is a moderate amount of edema of marrow in subchondral aspect (white arrow). (B) Coronal FS PD weighted images of an adult patient. There is a large osteochondral lesion involving weight-bearing surface of medial tibial condyle. There is a moderate depression of this osteochondral lesion (arrow) with moderate surrounding marrow edema

Mentions: Osteochondral lesions need a further detailed description based upon location, size, and depth of lesion [Figure 16A and B].


Imaging of articular cartilage.

Paunipagar BK, Rasalkar D - Indian J Radiol Imaging (2014)

(A) Axial FS PD-weighted sequence (TR/TE, 884/26; flip angle, 30°) image of knee joint shows grade 4 chondromalacia (yellow arrow) of articular cartilage in median patellar ridge and lateral patellar facet. The remainder of articular cartilage is irregularly thinned out. There is a moderate amount of edema of marrow in subchondral aspect (white arrow). (B) Coronal FS PD weighted images of an adult patient. There is a large osteochondral lesion involving weight-bearing surface of medial tibial condyle. There is a moderate depression of this osteochondral lesion (arrow) with moderate surrounding marrow edema
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4126138&req=5

Figure 16: (A) Axial FS PD-weighted sequence (TR/TE, 884/26; flip angle, 30°) image of knee joint shows grade 4 chondromalacia (yellow arrow) of articular cartilage in median patellar ridge and lateral patellar facet. The remainder of articular cartilage is irregularly thinned out. There is a moderate amount of edema of marrow in subchondral aspect (white arrow). (B) Coronal FS PD weighted images of an adult patient. There is a large osteochondral lesion involving weight-bearing surface of medial tibial condyle. There is a moderate depression of this osteochondral lesion (arrow) with moderate surrounding marrow edema
Mentions: Osteochondral lesions need a further detailed description based upon location, size, and depth of lesion [Figure 16A and B].

Bottom Line: It is frequently exposed to trauma, degeneration, and repetitive wear and tear.MRI has played a vital role in evaluation of articular cartilage.With the availability of advanced repair surgeries for cartilage lesions, there has been an increased demand for improved cartilage imaging techniques.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Imaging Sciences, Global Hospitals, Mumbai, India.

ABSTRACT
We tried to review the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in understanding microscopic and morphologic structure of the articular cartilage. The optimal protocols and available spin-echo sequences in present day practice are reviewed in context of common pathologies of articular cartilage. The future trends of articular cartilage imaging have been discussed with their appropriateness. In diarthrodial joints of the body, articular cartilage is functionally very important. It is frequently exposed to trauma, degeneration, and repetitive wear and tear. MRI has played a vital role in evaluation of articular cartilage. With the availability of advanced repair surgeries for cartilage lesions, there has been an increased demand for improved cartilage imaging techniques. Recent advances in imaging strategies for native and postoperative articular cartilage open up an entirely new approach in management of cartilage-related pathologies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus