Limits...
Imaging of articular cartilage.

Paunipagar BK, Rasalkar D - Indian J Radiol Imaging (2014)

Bottom Line: It is frequently exposed to trauma, degeneration, and repetitive wear and tear.MRI has played a vital role in evaluation of articular cartilage.With the availability of advanced repair surgeries for cartilage lesions, there has been an increased demand for improved cartilage imaging techniques.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Imaging Sciences, Global Hospitals, Mumbai, India.

ABSTRACT
We tried to review the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in understanding microscopic and morphologic structure of the articular cartilage. The optimal protocols and available spin-echo sequences in present day practice are reviewed in context of common pathologies of articular cartilage. The future trends of articular cartilage imaging have been discussed with their appropriateness. In diarthrodial joints of the body, articular cartilage is functionally very important. It is frequently exposed to trauma, degeneration, and repetitive wear and tear. MRI has played a vital role in evaluation of articular cartilage. With the availability of advanced repair surgeries for cartilage lesions, there has been an increased demand for improved cartilage imaging techniques. Recent advances in imaging strategies for native and postoperative articular cartilage open up an entirely new approach in management of cartilage-related pathologies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Multiplanar FS PD-weighted images in a 56 year old woman who previously underwent arthroscopic partial medial meniscectomy. MRI images of knee joint show established osteoarthrosis in medial-lateral femorotibial and patellofemoral articulation. There is a near-complete loss of articular cartilage covering weight bearing surfaces of femoral and tibial condyles as well as non-weight bearing surface of patellofemoral articulation exposing subchondral bone. There are established marginal osteophytosis and subchondral bone sclerosis
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4126138&req=5

Figure 11: Multiplanar FS PD-weighted images in a 56 year old woman who previously underwent arthroscopic partial medial meniscectomy. MRI images of knee joint show established osteoarthrosis in medial-lateral femorotibial and patellofemoral articulation. There is a near-complete loss of articular cartilage covering weight bearing surfaces of femoral and tibial condyles as well as non-weight bearing surface of patellofemoral articulation exposing subchondral bone. There are established marginal osteophytosis and subchondral bone sclerosis

Mentions: Chronic stress-related microtrauma to articular cartilage and bone results in arthrosis and osteoarthritis, which involve diffuse chondropathy, osteophytes, eburnation of the bone surface, and subchondral changes[28] [Figure 11].


Imaging of articular cartilage.

Paunipagar BK, Rasalkar D - Indian J Radiol Imaging (2014)

Multiplanar FS PD-weighted images in a 56 year old woman who previously underwent arthroscopic partial medial meniscectomy. MRI images of knee joint show established osteoarthrosis in medial-lateral femorotibial and patellofemoral articulation. There is a near-complete loss of articular cartilage covering weight bearing surfaces of femoral and tibial condyles as well as non-weight bearing surface of patellofemoral articulation exposing subchondral bone. There are established marginal osteophytosis and subchondral bone sclerosis
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4126138&req=5

Figure 11: Multiplanar FS PD-weighted images in a 56 year old woman who previously underwent arthroscopic partial medial meniscectomy. MRI images of knee joint show established osteoarthrosis in medial-lateral femorotibial and patellofemoral articulation. There is a near-complete loss of articular cartilage covering weight bearing surfaces of femoral and tibial condyles as well as non-weight bearing surface of patellofemoral articulation exposing subchondral bone. There are established marginal osteophytosis and subchondral bone sclerosis
Mentions: Chronic stress-related microtrauma to articular cartilage and bone results in arthrosis and osteoarthritis, which involve diffuse chondropathy, osteophytes, eburnation of the bone surface, and subchondral changes[28] [Figure 11].

Bottom Line: It is frequently exposed to trauma, degeneration, and repetitive wear and tear.MRI has played a vital role in evaluation of articular cartilage.With the availability of advanced repair surgeries for cartilage lesions, there has been an increased demand for improved cartilage imaging techniques.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Imaging Sciences, Global Hospitals, Mumbai, India.

ABSTRACT
We tried to review the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in understanding microscopic and morphologic structure of the articular cartilage. The optimal protocols and available spin-echo sequences in present day practice are reviewed in context of common pathologies of articular cartilage. The future trends of articular cartilage imaging have been discussed with their appropriateness. In diarthrodial joints of the body, articular cartilage is functionally very important. It is frequently exposed to trauma, degeneration, and repetitive wear and tear. MRI has played a vital role in evaluation of articular cartilage. With the availability of advanced repair surgeries for cartilage lesions, there has been an increased demand for improved cartilage imaging techniques. Recent advances in imaging strategies for native and postoperative articular cartilage open up an entirely new approach in management of cartilage-related pathologies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus