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Imaging of articular cartilage.

Paunipagar BK, Rasalkar D - Indian J Radiol Imaging (2014)

Bottom Line: It is frequently exposed to trauma, degeneration, and repetitive wear and tear.MRI has played a vital role in evaluation of articular cartilage.With the availability of advanced repair surgeries for cartilage lesions, there has been an increased demand for improved cartilage imaging techniques.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Imaging Sciences, Global Hospitals, Mumbai, India.

ABSTRACT
We tried to review the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in understanding microscopic and morphologic structure of the articular cartilage. The optimal protocols and available spin-echo sequences in present day practice are reviewed in context of common pathologies of articular cartilage. The future trends of articular cartilage imaging have been discussed with their appropriateness. In diarthrodial joints of the body, articular cartilage is functionally very important. It is frequently exposed to trauma, degeneration, and repetitive wear and tear. MRI has played a vital role in evaluation of articular cartilage. With the availability of advanced repair surgeries for cartilage lesions, there has been an increased demand for improved cartilage imaging techniques. Recent advances in imaging strategies for native and postoperative articular cartilage open up an entirely new approach in management of cartilage-related pathologies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

A T1 W FS Axial (A) and coronal (B) image of MR Arthogram. In addition to routine information of glenoid labrum, we can assess articular cartilage well. The presence of intra-articular gadolinium contrast helps us in assessment of cartilage morphology
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Figure 10: A T1 W FS Axial (A) and coronal (B) image of MR Arthogram. In addition to routine information of glenoid labrum, we can assess articular cartilage well. The presence of intra-articular gadolinium contrast helps us in assessment of cartilage morphology

Mentions: Post cartilage repair, MR arthrography (MRA) is recommended in evaluation of cartilage integrity. The instilled contrast outlines cartilage defects and their contours. A small amount of 2mmol/l gadolinium contrast (Dotarem, Guerbet LLC, USA) mixed with saline is injected within the joint space to increase its sensitivity to detect cartilage abnormalities.[2425] MRA has been shown to be more sensitive than the standard 3D T2-weighted gradient echo sequences for the detection of cartilage lesions[26] [Figure 10].


Imaging of articular cartilage.

Paunipagar BK, Rasalkar D - Indian J Radiol Imaging (2014)

A T1 W FS Axial (A) and coronal (B) image of MR Arthogram. In addition to routine information of glenoid labrum, we can assess articular cartilage well. The presence of intra-articular gadolinium contrast helps us in assessment of cartilage morphology
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4126138&req=5

Figure 10: A T1 W FS Axial (A) and coronal (B) image of MR Arthogram. In addition to routine information of glenoid labrum, we can assess articular cartilage well. The presence of intra-articular gadolinium contrast helps us in assessment of cartilage morphology
Mentions: Post cartilage repair, MR arthrography (MRA) is recommended in evaluation of cartilage integrity. The instilled contrast outlines cartilage defects and their contours. A small amount of 2mmol/l gadolinium contrast (Dotarem, Guerbet LLC, USA) mixed with saline is injected within the joint space to increase its sensitivity to detect cartilage abnormalities.[2425] MRA has been shown to be more sensitive than the standard 3D T2-weighted gradient echo sequences for the detection of cartilage lesions[26] [Figure 10].

Bottom Line: It is frequently exposed to trauma, degeneration, and repetitive wear and tear.MRI has played a vital role in evaluation of articular cartilage.With the availability of advanced repair surgeries for cartilage lesions, there has been an increased demand for improved cartilage imaging techniques.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Imaging Sciences, Global Hospitals, Mumbai, India.

ABSTRACT
We tried to review the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in understanding microscopic and morphologic structure of the articular cartilage. The optimal protocols and available spin-echo sequences in present day practice are reviewed in context of common pathologies of articular cartilage. The future trends of articular cartilage imaging have been discussed with their appropriateness. In diarthrodial joints of the body, articular cartilage is functionally very important. It is frequently exposed to trauma, degeneration, and repetitive wear and tear. MRI has played a vital role in evaluation of articular cartilage. With the availability of advanced repair surgeries for cartilage lesions, there has been an increased demand for improved cartilage imaging techniques. Recent advances in imaging strategies for native and postoperative articular cartilage open up an entirely new approach in management of cartilage-related pathologies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus