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Imaging of articular cartilage.

Paunipagar BK, Rasalkar D - Indian J Radiol Imaging (2014)

Bottom Line: It is frequently exposed to trauma, degeneration, and repetitive wear and tear.MRI has played a vital role in evaluation of articular cartilage.With the availability of advanced repair surgeries for cartilage lesions, there has been an increased demand for improved cartilage imaging techniques.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Imaging Sciences, Global Hospitals, Mumbai, India.

ABSTRACT
We tried to review the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in understanding microscopic and morphologic structure of the articular cartilage. The optimal protocols and available spin-echo sequences in present day practice are reviewed in context of common pathologies of articular cartilage. The future trends of articular cartilage imaging have been discussed with their appropriateness. In diarthrodial joints of the body, articular cartilage is functionally very important. It is frequently exposed to trauma, degeneration, and repetitive wear and tear. MRI has played a vital role in evaluation of articular cartilage. With the availability of advanced repair surgeries for cartilage lesions, there has been an increased demand for improved cartilage imaging techniques. Recent advances in imaging strategies for native and postoperative articular cartilage open up an entirely new approach in management of cartilage-related pathologies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Coronal T1W image of knee joint. The articular cartilage appears hypointense. The bone details like bone trabecular pattern (blue arrow), marginal osteophytosis (white arrow) and subchondral sclerosis (yellow arrow) are nicely depicted. However, there is compromised information of articular cartilage
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Figure 4: Coronal T1W image of knee joint. The articular cartilage appears hypointense. The bone details like bone trabecular pattern (blue arrow), marginal osteophytosis (white arrow) and subchondral sclerosis (yellow arrow) are nicely depicted. However, there is compromised information of articular cartilage

Mentions: There is a limited role of T1-weighted imaging in cartilage evaluation due to lack of good tissue contrast from the adjacent joint fluid and the articular cartilage surface, making it suboptimal for particular usage [Figure 4]. Additional shortcomings are its limitations in assessing the adjacent soft tissue structures.[8]


Imaging of articular cartilage.

Paunipagar BK, Rasalkar D - Indian J Radiol Imaging (2014)

Coronal T1W image of knee joint. The articular cartilage appears hypointense. The bone details like bone trabecular pattern (blue arrow), marginal osteophytosis (white arrow) and subchondral sclerosis (yellow arrow) are nicely depicted. However, there is compromised information of articular cartilage
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4126138&req=5

Figure 4: Coronal T1W image of knee joint. The articular cartilage appears hypointense. The bone details like bone trabecular pattern (blue arrow), marginal osteophytosis (white arrow) and subchondral sclerosis (yellow arrow) are nicely depicted. However, there is compromised information of articular cartilage
Mentions: There is a limited role of T1-weighted imaging in cartilage evaluation due to lack of good tissue contrast from the adjacent joint fluid and the articular cartilage surface, making it suboptimal for particular usage [Figure 4]. Additional shortcomings are its limitations in assessing the adjacent soft tissue structures.[8]

Bottom Line: It is frequently exposed to trauma, degeneration, and repetitive wear and tear.MRI has played a vital role in evaluation of articular cartilage.With the availability of advanced repair surgeries for cartilage lesions, there has been an increased demand for improved cartilage imaging techniques.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Imaging Sciences, Global Hospitals, Mumbai, India.

ABSTRACT
We tried to review the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in understanding microscopic and morphologic structure of the articular cartilage. The optimal protocols and available spin-echo sequences in present day practice are reviewed in context of common pathologies of articular cartilage. The future trends of articular cartilage imaging have been discussed with their appropriateness. In diarthrodial joints of the body, articular cartilage is functionally very important. It is frequently exposed to trauma, degeneration, and repetitive wear and tear. MRI has played a vital role in evaluation of articular cartilage. With the availability of advanced repair surgeries for cartilage lesions, there has been an increased demand for improved cartilage imaging techniques. Recent advances in imaging strategies for native and postoperative articular cartilage open up an entirely new approach in management of cartilage-related pathologies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus