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Imaging of articular cartilage.

Paunipagar BK, Rasalkar D - Indian J Radiol Imaging (2014)

Bottom Line: It is frequently exposed to trauma, degeneration, and repetitive wear and tear.MRI has played a vital role in evaluation of articular cartilage.With the availability of advanced repair surgeries for cartilage lesions, there has been an increased demand for improved cartilage imaging techniques.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Imaging Sciences, Global Hospitals, Mumbai, India.

ABSTRACT
We tried to review the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in understanding microscopic and morphologic structure of the articular cartilage. The optimal protocols and available spin-echo sequences in present day practice are reviewed in context of common pathologies of articular cartilage. The future trends of articular cartilage imaging have been discussed with their appropriateness. In diarthrodial joints of the body, articular cartilage is functionally very important. It is frequently exposed to trauma, degeneration, and repetitive wear and tear. MRI has played a vital role in evaluation of articular cartilage. With the availability of advanced repair surgeries for cartilage lesions, there has been an increased demand for improved cartilage imaging techniques. Recent advances in imaging strategies for native and postoperative articular cartilage open up an entirely new approach in management of cartilage-related pathologies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Sagittal FS T2W FSE image of knee joint. The articular cartilage appears hyperintense. Note excellent morphological detail of articular cartilage. The other structures of knee joint can also be identified. However finer morphology of articular cartilage along tidemark junction (arrow) is compromised
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Figure 3: Sagittal FS T2W FSE image of knee joint. The articular cartilage appears hyperintense. Note excellent morphological detail of articular cartilage. The other structures of knee joint can also be identified. However finer morphology of articular cartilage along tidemark junction (arrow) is compromised

Mentions: To assess the cartilage integrity, it is preferred to have proton density and T2-weighted sequences, with and without fat saturation.[45] Both intermediate and T2-weighted fast spin-echo (SE) imaging sequences, with and without fat suppression have been advocated in the assessment of articular cartilage integrity[6] [Figure 3].


Imaging of articular cartilage.

Paunipagar BK, Rasalkar D - Indian J Radiol Imaging (2014)

Sagittal FS T2W FSE image of knee joint. The articular cartilage appears hyperintense. Note excellent morphological detail of articular cartilage. The other structures of knee joint can also be identified. However finer morphology of articular cartilage along tidemark junction (arrow) is compromised
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4126138&req=5

Figure 3: Sagittal FS T2W FSE image of knee joint. The articular cartilage appears hyperintense. Note excellent morphological detail of articular cartilage. The other structures of knee joint can also be identified. However finer morphology of articular cartilage along tidemark junction (arrow) is compromised
Mentions: To assess the cartilage integrity, it is preferred to have proton density and T2-weighted sequences, with and without fat saturation.[45] Both intermediate and T2-weighted fast spin-echo (SE) imaging sequences, with and without fat suppression have been advocated in the assessment of articular cartilage integrity[6] [Figure 3].

Bottom Line: It is frequently exposed to trauma, degeneration, and repetitive wear and tear.MRI has played a vital role in evaluation of articular cartilage.With the availability of advanced repair surgeries for cartilage lesions, there has been an increased demand for improved cartilage imaging techniques.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Imaging Sciences, Global Hospitals, Mumbai, India.

ABSTRACT
We tried to review the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in understanding microscopic and morphologic structure of the articular cartilage. The optimal protocols and available spin-echo sequences in present day practice are reviewed in context of common pathologies of articular cartilage. The future trends of articular cartilage imaging have been discussed with their appropriateness. In diarthrodial joints of the body, articular cartilage is functionally very important. It is frequently exposed to trauma, degeneration, and repetitive wear and tear. MRI has played a vital role in evaluation of articular cartilage. With the availability of advanced repair surgeries for cartilage lesions, there has been an increased demand for improved cartilage imaging techniques. Recent advances in imaging strategies for native and postoperative articular cartilage open up an entirely new approach in management of cartilage-related pathologies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus