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Imaging of articular cartilage.

Paunipagar BK, Rasalkar D - Indian J Radiol Imaging (2014)

Bottom Line: It is frequently exposed to trauma, degeneration, and repetitive wear and tear.MRI has played a vital role in evaluation of articular cartilage.With the availability of advanced repair surgeries for cartilage lesions, there has been an increased demand for improved cartilage imaging techniques.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Imaging Sciences, Global Hospitals, Mumbai, India.

ABSTRACT
We tried to review the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in understanding microscopic and morphologic structure of the articular cartilage. The optimal protocols and available spin-echo sequences in present day practice are reviewed in context of common pathologies of articular cartilage. The future trends of articular cartilage imaging have been discussed with their appropriateness. In diarthrodial joints of the body, articular cartilage is functionally very important. It is frequently exposed to trauma, degeneration, and repetitive wear and tear. MRI has played a vital role in evaluation of articular cartilage. With the availability of advanced repair surgeries for cartilage lesions, there has been an increased demand for improved cartilage imaging techniques. Recent advances in imaging strategies for native and postoperative articular cartilage open up an entirely new approach in management of cartilage-related pathologies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Axial FS T2W images of the patella targetted for cartilage imaging (A) large FOV (B) Small FOV. Note better delineation of chondral morphology in retropatellar cartilage when images obtained at a smaller FOV. Similarly, use of a small FOV for superficial structures like joints may help us improve spatial resolution and conspicuity of chondral based lesions
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Figure 2: Axial FS T2W images of the patella targetted for cartilage imaging (A) large FOV (B) Small FOV. Note better delineation of chondral morphology in retropatellar cartilage when images obtained at a smaller FOV. Similarly, use of a small FOV for superficial structures like joints may help us improve spatial resolution and conspicuity of chondral based lesions

Mentions: Common MRI sequences for cartilage constitute T1-weighted, proton density, and T2-weighted imaging sequences, with or without fat saturation, but the preferable information is expected to be better assessed on high-resolution imaging which is considered important for morphological and physiologic information. In present day practice, combination of morphologic imaging sequence with high-resolution [Figure 2] facility compatible to evaluate the matrix is preferred and is readily available.


Imaging of articular cartilage.

Paunipagar BK, Rasalkar D - Indian J Radiol Imaging (2014)

Axial FS T2W images of the patella targetted for cartilage imaging (A) large FOV (B) Small FOV. Note better delineation of chondral morphology in retropatellar cartilage when images obtained at a smaller FOV. Similarly, use of a small FOV for superficial structures like joints may help us improve spatial resolution and conspicuity of chondral based lesions
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4126138&req=5

Figure 2: Axial FS T2W images of the patella targetted for cartilage imaging (A) large FOV (B) Small FOV. Note better delineation of chondral morphology in retropatellar cartilage when images obtained at a smaller FOV. Similarly, use of a small FOV for superficial structures like joints may help us improve spatial resolution and conspicuity of chondral based lesions
Mentions: Common MRI sequences for cartilage constitute T1-weighted, proton density, and T2-weighted imaging sequences, with or without fat saturation, but the preferable information is expected to be better assessed on high-resolution imaging which is considered important for morphological and physiologic information. In present day practice, combination of morphologic imaging sequence with high-resolution [Figure 2] facility compatible to evaluate the matrix is preferred and is readily available.

Bottom Line: It is frequently exposed to trauma, degeneration, and repetitive wear and tear.MRI has played a vital role in evaluation of articular cartilage.With the availability of advanced repair surgeries for cartilage lesions, there has been an increased demand for improved cartilage imaging techniques.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Imaging Sciences, Global Hospitals, Mumbai, India.

ABSTRACT
We tried to review the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in understanding microscopic and morphologic structure of the articular cartilage. The optimal protocols and available spin-echo sequences in present day practice are reviewed in context of common pathologies of articular cartilage. The future trends of articular cartilage imaging have been discussed with their appropriateness. In diarthrodial joints of the body, articular cartilage is functionally very important. It is frequently exposed to trauma, degeneration, and repetitive wear and tear. MRI has played a vital role in evaluation of articular cartilage. With the availability of advanced repair surgeries for cartilage lesions, there has been an increased demand for improved cartilage imaging techniques. Recent advances in imaging strategies for native and postoperative articular cartilage open up an entirely new approach in management of cartilage-related pathologies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus