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Mapping of novel chromosomal regions associated with atopy

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A panel of recombinant congenic strains (RCS) of mice can be used to study an array of disease related phenotypes... We have used a panel of 33 AcB/BcA RCS, derived from parental strains A/J and C57BL/6J (Figure 1), to study phenotypes of allergic asthma that are difficult to segregate in the human population, such as airway hyperresponsiveness... Each recombinant strain is fully inbred and contains approximately 12.5% of the genome from one parental strain on the background of the other parental strain... Here we present our findings for mapping chromosomal regions associated with atopy, another phenotype of allergic asthma... Naïve mice from each RCS were phenotyped for atopy by measuring plasma IgE concentration by ELISA... Within the phenotype associated loci, candidate genes were selected based on the presence of coding mutations between the sequences of the two parental strains... A/J and C57BL/6J strains have significantly different plasma IgE concentrations... Among the 33 RCS, a wide distribution in plasma IgE concentrations was observed (Figure 2)... Genotype-phenotype analysis identified one region on chromosome 3 as significantly associated with atopy... This region contains a total of six protein coding genes of which four have coding variants in their sequences between A/J and C57BL/6J strains... To the best of our knowledge, we have identified a novel candidate loci associated with atopy... Future plans of our study include functionally validating the importance of our candidate genes, candidate locus, and of chromosome 3 in atopy... Our results demonstrate that using a genetically unique panel of RCS we can identify candidate genes that are in common and unique to the various phenotypes of allergic asthmatics.

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Strain distribution pattern of parental strains A/J and C57BL/6J (red bars), 12 AcB strains (white bars), and 21 BcA strains (black bars). Significance was calculated by one-way ANOVA by comparing each RCS to its major genetic donor parental strain. *, ** and *** represents p<0.05, p<0.01 and p<0.001, respectively, post Bonferroni correction.
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Figure 2: Strain distribution pattern of parental strains A/J and C57BL/6J (red bars), 12 AcB strains (white bars), and 21 BcA strains (black bars). Significance was calculated by one-way ANOVA by comparing each RCS to its major genetic donor parental strain. *, ** and *** represents p<0.05, p<0.01 and p<0.001, respectively, post Bonferroni correction.

Mentions: A/J and C57BL/6J strains have significantly different plasma IgE concentrations. A/J mice have higher plasma IgE levels, making them a good model of atopic individuals. Among the 33 RCS, a wide distribution in plasma IgE concentrations was observed (Figure 2). Genotype-phenotype analysis identified one region on chromosome 3 as significantly associated with atopy. This region contains a total of six protein coding genes of which four have coding variants in their sequences between A/J and C57BL/6J strains.


Mapping of novel chromosomal regions associated with atopy
Strain distribution pattern of parental strains A/J and C57BL/6J (red bars), 12 AcB strains (white bars), and 21 BcA strains (black bars). Significance was calculated by one-way ANOVA by comparing each RCS to its major genetic donor parental strain. *, ** and *** represents p<0.05, p<0.01 and p<0.001, respectively, post Bonferroni correction.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4125973&req=5

Figure 2: Strain distribution pattern of parental strains A/J and C57BL/6J (red bars), 12 AcB strains (white bars), and 21 BcA strains (black bars). Significance was calculated by one-way ANOVA by comparing each RCS to its major genetic donor parental strain. *, ** and *** represents p<0.05, p<0.01 and p<0.001, respectively, post Bonferroni correction.
Mentions: A/J and C57BL/6J strains have significantly different plasma IgE concentrations. A/J mice have higher plasma IgE levels, making them a good model of atopic individuals. Among the 33 RCS, a wide distribution in plasma IgE concentrations was observed (Figure 2). Genotype-phenotype analysis identified one region on chromosome 3 as significantly associated with atopy. This region contains a total of six protein coding genes of which four have coding variants in their sequences between A/J and C57BL/6J strains.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML

AUTOMATICALLY GENERATED EXCERPT
Please rate it.

A panel of recombinant congenic strains (RCS) of mice can be used to study an array of disease related phenotypes... We have used a panel of 33 AcB/BcA RCS, derived from parental strains A/J and C57BL/6J (Figure 1), to study phenotypes of allergic asthma that are difficult to segregate in the human population, such as airway hyperresponsiveness... Each recombinant strain is fully inbred and contains approximately 12.5% of the genome from one parental strain on the background of the other parental strain... Here we present our findings for mapping chromosomal regions associated with atopy, another phenotype of allergic asthma... Naïve mice from each RCS were phenotyped for atopy by measuring plasma IgE concentration by ELISA... Within the phenotype associated loci, candidate genes were selected based on the presence of coding mutations between the sequences of the two parental strains... A/J and C57BL/6J strains have significantly different plasma IgE concentrations... Among the 33 RCS, a wide distribution in plasma IgE concentrations was observed (Figure 2)... Genotype-phenotype analysis identified one region on chromosome 3 as significantly associated with atopy... This region contains a total of six protein coding genes of which four have coding variants in their sequences between A/J and C57BL/6J strains... To the best of our knowledge, we have identified a novel candidate loci associated with atopy... Future plans of our study include functionally validating the importance of our candidate genes, candidate locus, and of chromosome 3 in atopy... Our results demonstrate that using a genetically unique panel of RCS we can identify candidate genes that are in common and unique to the various phenotypes of allergic asthmatics.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus