Limits...
Interaction between physiological and subjective states predicts the effect of a judging panel on the postures of cellists in performance.

Endo S, Juhlberg K, Bradbury A, Wing AM - Front Psychol (2014)

Bottom Line: This study investigated the effect of a panel of judges on the movements and postures of cellists in performance.In contrast, the panel's presence had no reliable effect on their spatial accuracy.This highlights a need to distinguish performance anxiety from physiological arousal, to which end we advocate currency for the specific term performance arousal to describe heightened physiological activity in a performer.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Chair of Information-Oriented Control, Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology, Technische Universität München Munich, Germany ; SyMoN Lab, School of Psychology, University of Birmingham Birmingham, UK.

ABSTRACT
This study investigated the effect of a panel of judges on the movements and postures of cellists in performance. Twenty four expert cellists played a short piece of music, to a metronome beat, in the presence and absence of the panel. Kinematic analyses showed that in the presence of the panel the temporal execution of left arm shifting movements became less variable and closer to the metronome beat. In contrast, the panel's presence had no reliable effect on their spatial accuracy. A detailed postural analysis indicated that left elbow angle during execution of a given high note was correlated with level of heart rate, though the nature of this correlation was systematically affected by the relevant participant's subjective state: if anxious, a higher heart rate correlated with a more flexed elbow, if not anxious then with a more extended elbow. Our results suggest a change in physiological state alone does not reliably predict a change in behavior in performing cellists, which instead depends on the interaction between physiological state and subjective experience of anxiety. This highlights a need to distinguish performance anxiety from physiological arousal, to which end we advocate currency for the specific term performance arousal to describe heightened physiological activity in a performer.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Individual differences in the correlation between the physiological measure (i.e., heart rate) and behavioral measures in the Panel stage. Those who reported the task as more anxiety-provoking showed negative correlation in the heart rate and elbow angle but the correlation was reversed in less anxious participants. The lines indicate a regression.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4125750&req=5

Figure 5: Individual differences in the correlation between the physiological measure (i.e., heart rate) and behavioral measures in the Panel stage. Those who reported the task as more anxiety-provoking showed negative correlation in the heart rate and elbow angle but the correlation was reversed in less anxious participants. The lines indicate a regression.

Mentions: Despite the fact that a significant increase in the physiological response was observed at the Panel stage, the subjective experience of the performance varied across individuals. Thus, we studied how the individual differences in the subjective distress rating interacts with physiological and behavioral measures. Figure 5 illustrates variations of the correlation coefficients between the physiological measure (i.e., heart rate) and temporal, spatial and postural behavioral measures in the Panel stage plotted against the averaged subjective rating across participants. Although no systematic relationship was found in the temporal and spatial behaviors of the performers (ps = 0.78), there was a linear relationship in how the elbow angle correlated with the physiological response (r2 = 0.256, p < 0.02) over their distress rating. The analysis revealed that three participants showed a tendency for positive correlation (defined as r > 0.25) between the physiological and behavioral measures, meaning that the increased heart rate was associated with more extension of the left arm at a given high note. In contrast 17 participants showed a conversed negative tendency (r < −0.25). The relationship between the heart rate and the left arm posture varying with their subjective distress rating suggests that the “positive correlation group” were predominantly observed among those who reported to be less anxious during performance (mean distress score = 1.9 ±0.27) and the negative correlation group commonly reported a higher level of anxiety (mean distress score = 2.63 ±0.77). The results indicate that the relationship between the physiological and behavioral components of music performance is not stably defined but it is moderated by their subjective distress level. This observation was evident in the postural control of the performers but not in the temporal and spatial control of the shift movements.


Interaction between physiological and subjective states predicts the effect of a judging panel on the postures of cellists in performance.

Endo S, Juhlberg K, Bradbury A, Wing AM - Front Psychol (2014)

Individual differences in the correlation between the physiological measure (i.e., heart rate) and behavioral measures in the Panel stage. Those who reported the task as more anxiety-provoking showed negative correlation in the heart rate and elbow angle but the correlation was reversed in less anxious participants. The lines indicate a regression.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4125750&req=5

Figure 5: Individual differences in the correlation between the physiological measure (i.e., heart rate) and behavioral measures in the Panel stage. Those who reported the task as more anxiety-provoking showed negative correlation in the heart rate and elbow angle but the correlation was reversed in less anxious participants. The lines indicate a regression.
Mentions: Despite the fact that a significant increase in the physiological response was observed at the Panel stage, the subjective experience of the performance varied across individuals. Thus, we studied how the individual differences in the subjective distress rating interacts with physiological and behavioral measures. Figure 5 illustrates variations of the correlation coefficients between the physiological measure (i.e., heart rate) and temporal, spatial and postural behavioral measures in the Panel stage plotted against the averaged subjective rating across participants. Although no systematic relationship was found in the temporal and spatial behaviors of the performers (ps = 0.78), there was a linear relationship in how the elbow angle correlated with the physiological response (r2 = 0.256, p < 0.02) over their distress rating. The analysis revealed that three participants showed a tendency for positive correlation (defined as r > 0.25) between the physiological and behavioral measures, meaning that the increased heart rate was associated with more extension of the left arm at a given high note. In contrast 17 participants showed a conversed negative tendency (r < −0.25). The relationship between the heart rate and the left arm posture varying with their subjective distress rating suggests that the “positive correlation group” were predominantly observed among those who reported to be less anxious during performance (mean distress score = 1.9 ±0.27) and the negative correlation group commonly reported a higher level of anxiety (mean distress score = 2.63 ±0.77). The results indicate that the relationship between the physiological and behavioral components of music performance is not stably defined but it is moderated by their subjective distress level. This observation was evident in the postural control of the performers but not in the temporal and spatial control of the shift movements.

Bottom Line: This study investigated the effect of a panel of judges on the movements and postures of cellists in performance.In contrast, the panel's presence had no reliable effect on their spatial accuracy.This highlights a need to distinguish performance anxiety from physiological arousal, to which end we advocate currency for the specific term performance arousal to describe heightened physiological activity in a performer.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Chair of Information-Oriented Control, Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology, Technische Universität München Munich, Germany ; SyMoN Lab, School of Psychology, University of Birmingham Birmingham, UK.

ABSTRACT
This study investigated the effect of a panel of judges on the movements and postures of cellists in performance. Twenty four expert cellists played a short piece of music, to a metronome beat, in the presence and absence of the panel. Kinematic analyses showed that in the presence of the panel the temporal execution of left arm shifting movements became less variable and closer to the metronome beat. In contrast, the panel's presence had no reliable effect on their spatial accuracy. A detailed postural analysis indicated that left elbow angle during execution of a given high note was correlated with level of heart rate, though the nature of this correlation was systematically affected by the relevant participant's subjective state: if anxious, a higher heart rate correlated with a more flexed elbow, if not anxious then with a more extended elbow. Our results suggest a change in physiological state alone does not reliably predict a change in behavior in performing cellists, which instead depends on the interaction between physiological state and subjective experience of anxiety. This highlights a need to distinguish performance anxiety from physiological arousal, to which end we advocate currency for the specific term performance arousal to describe heightened physiological activity in a performer.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus