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Interaction between physiological and subjective states predicts the effect of a judging panel on the postures of cellists in performance.

Endo S, Juhlberg K, Bradbury A, Wing AM - Front Psychol (2014)

Bottom Line: This study investigated the effect of a panel of judges on the movements and postures of cellists in performance.In contrast, the panel's presence had no reliable effect on their spatial accuracy.This highlights a need to distinguish performance anxiety from physiological arousal, to which end we advocate currency for the specific term performance arousal to describe heightened physiological activity in a performer.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Chair of Information-Oriented Control, Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology, Technische Universität München Munich, Germany ; SyMoN Lab, School of Psychology, University of Birmingham Birmingham, UK.

ABSTRACT
This study investigated the effect of a panel of judges on the movements and postures of cellists in performance. Twenty four expert cellists played a short piece of music, to a metronome beat, in the presence and absence of the panel. Kinematic analyses showed that in the presence of the panel the temporal execution of left arm shifting movements became less variable and closer to the metronome beat. In contrast, the panel's presence had no reliable effect on their spatial accuracy. A detailed postural analysis indicated that left elbow angle during execution of a given high note was correlated with level of heart rate, though the nature of this correlation was systematically affected by the relevant participant's subjective state: if anxious, a higher heart rate correlated with a more flexed elbow, if not anxious then with a more extended elbow. Our results suggest a change in physiological state alone does not reliably predict a change in behavior in performing cellists, which instead depends on the interaction between physiological state and subjective experience of anxiety. This highlights a need to distinguish performance anxiety from physiological arousal, to which end we advocate currency for the specific term performance arousal to describe heightened physiological activity in a performer.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Changes in one-item Likert scores across trials and their distribution. The Likert scores obtained before and after a trial were averaged. The error bars represent one standard error.
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Figure 2: Changes in one-item Likert scores across trials and their distribution. The Likert scores obtained before and after a trial were averaged. The error bars represent one standard error.

Mentions: In this section, we report the changes in the subjective experience of the participants associated with the presence of the Audience, repetitions of Trial (5 trials) and Time of report (before vs after a trial). The analysis indicated that the participants reported themselves to be most anxious when the Panel was present, followed by the Pre-Panel stage, and least anxious in the Post-Panel stage (Figure 2). Furthermore, the subjective rating was highest at the first trial of each condition and gradually reduced over the repetition of trials. A 3-way repeated-measures ANOVA confirmed the main effect of Audience, F(2, 46) = 30.27, p < 0.0005 and a main effect of Trial, F(4, 91) = 10.523, p < 0.0005. Pairwise comparisons indicated that the participants reported to be significantly less anxious in the Pre-Panel (p < 0.0005) and Post-Panel (p < 0.0005) stages than in the Panel stage. No main effect of Time of report or any interaction effects were observed (ps > 0.20).


Interaction between physiological and subjective states predicts the effect of a judging panel on the postures of cellists in performance.

Endo S, Juhlberg K, Bradbury A, Wing AM - Front Psychol (2014)

Changes in one-item Likert scores across trials and their distribution. The Likert scores obtained before and after a trial were averaged. The error bars represent one standard error.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4125750&req=5

Figure 2: Changes in one-item Likert scores across trials and their distribution. The Likert scores obtained before and after a trial were averaged. The error bars represent one standard error.
Mentions: In this section, we report the changes in the subjective experience of the participants associated with the presence of the Audience, repetitions of Trial (5 trials) and Time of report (before vs after a trial). The analysis indicated that the participants reported themselves to be most anxious when the Panel was present, followed by the Pre-Panel stage, and least anxious in the Post-Panel stage (Figure 2). Furthermore, the subjective rating was highest at the first trial of each condition and gradually reduced over the repetition of trials. A 3-way repeated-measures ANOVA confirmed the main effect of Audience, F(2, 46) = 30.27, p < 0.0005 and a main effect of Trial, F(4, 91) = 10.523, p < 0.0005. Pairwise comparisons indicated that the participants reported to be significantly less anxious in the Pre-Panel (p < 0.0005) and Post-Panel (p < 0.0005) stages than in the Panel stage. No main effect of Time of report or any interaction effects were observed (ps > 0.20).

Bottom Line: This study investigated the effect of a panel of judges on the movements and postures of cellists in performance.In contrast, the panel's presence had no reliable effect on their spatial accuracy.This highlights a need to distinguish performance anxiety from physiological arousal, to which end we advocate currency for the specific term performance arousal to describe heightened physiological activity in a performer.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Chair of Information-Oriented Control, Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology, Technische Universität München Munich, Germany ; SyMoN Lab, School of Psychology, University of Birmingham Birmingham, UK.

ABSTRACT
This study investigated the effect of a panel of judges on the movements and postures of cellists in performance. Twenty four expert cellists played a short piece of music, to a metronome beat, in the presence and absence of the panel. Kinematic analyses showed that in the presence of the panel the temporal execution of left arm shifting movements became less variable and closer to the metronome beat. In contrast, the panel's presence had no reliable effect on their spatial accuracy. A detailed postural analysis indicated that left elbow angle during execution of a given high note was correlated with level of heart rate, though the nature of this correlation was systematically affected by the relevant participant's subjective state: if anxious, a higher heart rate correlated with a more flexed elbow, if not anxious then with a more extended elbow. Our results suggest a change in physiological state alone does not reliably predict a change in behavior in performing cellists, which instead depends on the interaction between physiological state and subjective experience of anxiety. This highlights a need to distinguish performance anxiety from physiological arousal, to which end we advocate currency for the specific term performance arousal to describe heightened physiological activity in a performer.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus