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Comparative efficacy of photo-activated disinfection and calcium hydroxide for disinfection of remaining carious dentin in deep cavities: a clinical study.

Sharma S, Logani A, Shah N - Restor Dent Endod (2014)

Bottom Line: Successful outcome with an increase in radiographic grey values were observed in all three groups.However, on inter-group comparison, this change was not significant (p > 0.05).They can be used independently in IPT, since combining both does not offer any additional therapeutic benefits.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Centre for Dental Education and Research, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari nagar, New Delhi, India.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To comparatively evaluate the efficacy of photo-activated disinfection (PAD), calcium hydroxide (CH) and their combination on the treatment outcome of indirect pulp treatment (IPT).

Materials and methods: Institutional ethical clearance and informed consent of the patients were taken. The study was also registered with clinical registry of India. Sixty permanent molars exhibiting deep occlusal carious lesion in patients with the age range of 18 - 22 yr were included. Clinical and radiographic evaluation and set inclusion and exclusion criteria's were followed. Gross caries excavation was accomplished. In group I (n = 20) PAD was applied for sixty seconds. In group II (n = 20), CH was applied to the remaining carious dentin, while in group III (n = 20), PAD application was followed by CH placement. The teeth were permanently restored. They were clinically and radiographically followed-up at 45 day, 6 mon and 12 mon. Relative density of the remaining affected dentin was measured by 'Radiovisiography (RVG) densitometric' analysis.

Results: Successful outcome with an increase in radiographic grey values were observed in all three groups. However, on inter-group comparison, this change was not significant (p > 0.05).

Conclusions: PAD and CH both have equal disinfection efficacy in the treatment of deep carious dentin. PAD alone is as effective for treatment of deep carious lesion as calcium hydroxide and hence can be used as an alternative to CH. They can be used independently in IPT, since combining both does not offer any additional therapeutic benefits.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Group I, PAD; Group II, CH; Group III, PAD + CH. (a) Preoperative; (b) Postoperative; (c) At 45 days after treatment; (d) At 6 months after treatment; (e) At 12 months after treatment.PAD, photo-activated disinfection; CH, calcium hydroxide.
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Figure 3: Group I, PAD; Group II, CH; Group III, PAD + CH. (a) Preoperative; (b) Postoperative; (c) At 45 days after treatment; (d) At 6 months after treatment; (e) At 12 months after treatment.PAD, photo-activated disinfection; CH, calcium hydroxide.

Mentions: Two teeth had to be excluded due to mid-treatment tooth/restoration fracture. A recall rate of 94.83% was achieved at the end of the study period (n = 55). Fifty four treated teeth showed successful clinical and radiographic outcome at 45 days, 6 months and 12 months (Figure 3). One tooth in Group I reported with signs and symptoms of apical periodontitis and was deemed to be a failure. The three groups were subjected to Fisher's exact test which showed no significant difference (p = 1.000).


Comparative efficacy of photo-activated disinfection and calcium hydroxide for disinfection of remaining carious dentin in deep cavities: a clinical study.

Sharma S, Logani A, Shah N - Restor Dent Endod (2014)

Group I, PAD; Group II, CH; Group III, PAD + CH. (a) Preoperative; (b) Postoperative; (c) At 45 days after treatment; (d) At 6 months after treatment; (e) At 12 months after treatment.PAD, photo-activated disinfection; CH, calcium hydroxide.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4125583&req=5

Figure 3: Group I, PAD; Group II, CH; Group III, PAD + CH. (a) Preoperative; (b) Postoperative; (c) At 45 days after treatment; (d) At 6 months after treatment; (e) At 12 months after treatment.PAD, photo-activated disinfection; CH, calcium hydroxide.
Mentions: Two teeth had to be excluded due to mid-treatment tooth/restoration fracture. A recall rate of 94.83% was achieved at the end of the study period (n = 55). Fifty four treated teeth showed successful clinical and radiographic outcome at 45 days, 6 months and 12 months (Figure 3). One tooth in Group I reported with signs and symptoms of apical periodontitis and was deemed to be a failure. The three groups were subjected to Fisher's exact test which showed no significant difference (p = 1.000).

Bottom Line: Successful outcome with an increase in radiographic grey values were observed in all three groups.However, on inter-group comparison, this change was not significant (p > 0.05).They can be used independently in IPT, since combining both does not offer any additional therapeutic benefits.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Centre for Dental Education and Research, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari nagar, New Delhi, India.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To comparatively evaluate the efficacy of photo-activated disinfection (PAD), calcium hydroxide (CH) and their combination on the treatment outcome of indirect pulp treatment (IPT).

Materials and methods: Institutional ethical clearance and informed consent of the patients were taken. The study was also registered with clinical registry of India. Sixty permanent molars exhibiting deep occlusal carious lesion in patients with the age range of 18 - 22 yr were included. Clinical and radiographic evaluation and set inclusion and exclusion criteria's were followed. Gross caries excavation was accomplished. In group I (n = 20) PAD was applied for sixty seconds. In group II (n = 20), CH was applied to the remaining carious dentin, while in group III (n = 20), PAD application was followed by CH placement. The teeth were permanently restored. They were clinically and radiographically followed-up at 45 day, 6 mon and 12 mon. Relative density of the remaining affected dentin was measured by 'Radiovisiography (RVG) densitometric' analysis.

Results: Successful outcome with an increase in radiographic grey values were observed in all three groups. However, on inter-group comparison, this change was not significant (p > 0.05).

Conclusions: PAD and CH both have equal disinfection efficacy in the treatment of deep carious dentin. PAD alone is as effective for treatment of deep carious lesion as calcium hydroxide and hence can be used as an alternative to CH. They can be used independently in IPT, since combining both does not offer any additional therapeutic benefits.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus