The effect of disgust and fear modeling on children's disgust and fear for animals.
Bottom Line: Disgust is a protective emotion associated with certain types of animal fears.Children's fear beliefs and avoidance preferences increased for these disgust-paired animals compared with unpaired control animals.The findings also suggest a bidirectional relationship between fear and disgust with fear-related vicarious learning leading to increased disgust for animals and disgust-related vicarious learning leading to increased fear and avoidance.
Affiliation: Department of Psychology.Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus
Mentions: A Hayes (2013) mediation analysis showed a significant indirect effect of increases in fear beliefs on avoidance preferences for animals that was mediated by disgust VAS scores, b = 11.209, BCa CI [0.157, 28.445], showing a small effect, k2 = .083, BCa CI [.005, .206]. Figure 8 shows the mediation model (note that the relationship between changes in fear beliefs and changes in disgust VAS scores was only borderline significant, p = .071). Mediation analyses conducted on disgust and fear groups separately did not reach significance.