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The effect of disgust and fear modeling on children's disgust and fear for animals.

Askew C, Cakır K, Põldsam L, Reynolds G - J Abnorm Psychol (2014)

Bottom Line: Disgust is a protective emotion associated with certain types of animal fears.Children's fear beliefs and avoidance preferences increased for these disgust-paired animals compared with unpaired control animals.The findings also suggest a bidirectional relationship between fear and disgust with fear-related vicarious learning leading to increased disgust for animals and disgust-related vicarious learning leading to increased fear and avoidance.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Mediation model of increases in children’s fear beliefs following negative (disgust and fear) vicarious learning as a predictor of avoidance preferences and mediated by disgust beliefs for the animals. DVAS = disgust visual analogue scale; FBQ = fear beliefs questionnaire; NRT = nature reserve task; CI = confidence interval.
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fig8: Mediation model of increases in children’s fear beliefs following negative (disgust and fear) vicarious learning as a predictor of avoidance preferences and mediated by disgust beliefs for the animals. DVAS = disgust visual analogue scale; FBQ = fear beliefs questionnaire; NRT = nature reserve task; CI = confidence interval.

Mentions: A Hayes (2013) mediation analysis showed a significant indirect effect of increases in fear beliefs on avoidance preferences for animals that was mediated by disgust VAS scores, b = 11.209, BCa CI [0.157, 28.445], showing a small effect, k2 = .083, BCa CI [.005, .206]. Figure 8 shows the mediation model (note that the relationship between changes in fear beliefs and changes in disgust VAS scores was only borderline significant, p = .071). Mediation analyses conducted on disgust and fear groups separately did not reach significance.


The effect of disgust and fear modeling on children's disgust and fear for animals.

Askew C, Cakır K, Põldsam L, Reynolds G - J Abnorm Psychol (2014)

Mediation model of increases in children’s fear beliefs following negative (disgust and fear) vicarious learning as a predictor of avoidance preferences and mediated by disgust beliefs for the animals. DVAS = disgust visual analogue scale; FBQ = fear beliefs questionnaire; NRT = nature reserve task; CI = confidence interval.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4120976&req=5

fig8: Mediation model of increases in children’s fear beliefs following negative (disgust and fear) vicarious learning as a predictor of avoidance preferences and mediated by disgust beliefs for the animals. DVAS = disgust visual analogue scale; FBQ = fear beliefs questionnaire; NRT = nature reserve task; CI = confidence interval.
Mentions: A Hayes (2013) mediation analysis showed a significant indirect effect of increases in fear beliefs on avoidance preferences for animals that was mediated by disgust VAS scores, b = 11.209, BCa CI [0.157, 28.445], showing a small effect, k2 = .083, BCa CI [.005, .206]. Figure 8 shows the mediation model (note that the relationship between changes in fear beliefs and changes in disgust VAS scores was only borderline significant, p = .071). Mediation analyses conducted on disgust and fear groups separately did not reach significance.

Bottom Line: Disgust is a protective emotion associated with certain types of animal fears.Children's fear beliefs and avoidance preferences increased for these disgust-paired animals compared with unpaired control animals.The findings also suggest a bidirectional relationship between fear and disgust with fear-related vicarious learning leading to increased disgust for animals and disgust-related vicarious learning leading to increased fear and avoidance.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus