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Meliponiculture in Quilombola communities of Ipiranga and Gurugi, Paraíba state, Brazil: an ethnoecological approach.

Carvalho RM, Martins CF, Mourão Jda S - J Ethnobiol Ethnomed (2014)

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Programa de Pós-graduação em Desenvolvimento e Meio Ambiente - PRODEMA, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, João Pessoa, PB 58051-900, Brasil. robertamonique.a@gmail.com.

ABSTRACT

Background: The Quilombola communities of Ipiranga and Gurugi, located in AtlanticRainforest in Southern of Paraíba state, have stories that are interwoventhroughout time. The practice of meliponicultura has been carried out forgenerations in these social groups and provides an elaborate ecologicalknowledge based on native stingless bees, the melliferous flora and themanagement techniques used. The traditional knowledge that Quilombola have ofstingless bees is of utmost importance for the establishment of conservationstrategies for many species.

Methods: To deepen study concerning the ecological knowledge of the beekeepers, themethod of participant observation together with structured and semi-structuredinterviews was used, as well as the collection of entomological and botanicalcategories of bees and plants mentioned. With the aim of recording theknowledge related to meliponiculture previously exercised by the residents, themethod of the oral story was employed.

Results and discussion: Results show that the informants sampled possess knowledge of twelve categoriesof stingless bees (Apidae: Meliponini), classified according to morphological,behavioral and ecological characteristics. Their management techniques arerepresented by the making of traditional cortiço and themelliferous flora is composed of many species predominant in the AtlanticRainforest. From recording the memories and recollections of the individuals,it was observed that an intricate system of beliefs has permeated the keepingof uruçu bees (Melipona scutellaris) forgenerations.

Conclusion: According to management techniques used by beekeepers, the keeping of stinglessbees in the communities is considered a traditional activity that is embeddedwithin a network of ecological knowledge and beliefs accumulated by generationsover time, and is undergoing a process of transformation that provides newmeanings to such knowledge, as can be observed in the practices of youngpeople.

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State Highway PB-018 in the centre: on the left is the community ofIpiranga, and on the right, the community of Gurugi.
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Figure 2: State Highway PB-018 in the centre: on the left is the community ofIpiranga, and on the right, the community of Gurugi.

Mentions: The communities are approximately 6 km from the centre of Conde and are located onthe state highway PB-018 and are adjacent to each other (Figure 2). According to Silva and Dowling [40], a total of 250 families inhabit these two communities and focus theirsource of income primarily on family farming and fishing, and other extractiveactivities. Moreover, preserve cultural expressions that are well represented by thedance coco de roda.


Meliponiculture in Quilombola communities of Ipiranga and Gurugi, Paraíba state, Brazil: an ethnoecological approach.

Carvalho RM, Martins CF, Mourão Jda S - J Ethnobiol Ethnomed (2014)

State Highway PB-018 in the centre: on the left is the community ofIpiranga, and on the right, the community of Gurugi.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4120937&req=5

Figure 2: State Highway PB-018 in the centre: on the left is the community ofIpiranga, and on the right, the community of Gurugi.
Mentions: The communities are approximately 6 km from the centre of Conde and are located onthe state highway PB-018 and are adjacent to each other (Figure 2). According to Silva and Dowling [40], a total of 250 families inhabit these two communities and focus theirsource of income primarily on family farming and fishing, and other extractiveactivities. Moreover, preserve cultural expressions that are well represented by thedance coco de roda.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Programa de Pós-graduação em Desenvolvimento e Meio Ambiente - PRODEMA, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, João Pessoa, PB 58051-900, Brasil. robertamonique.a@gmail.com.

ABSTRACT

Background: The Quilombola communities of Ipiranga and Gurugi, located in AtlanticRainforest in Southern of Paraíba state, have stories that are interwoventhroughout time. The practice of meliponicultura has been carried out forgenerations in these social groups and provides an elaborate ecologicalknowledge based on native stingless bees, the melliferous flora and themanagement techniques used. The traditional knowledge that Quilombola have ofstingless bees is of utmost importance for the establishment of conservationstrategies for many species.

Methods: To deepen study concerning the ecological knowledge of the beekeepers, themethod of participant observation together with structured and semi-structuredinterviews was used, as well as the collection of entomological and botanicalcategories of bees and plants mentioned. With the aim of recording theknowledge related to meliponiculture previously exercised by the residents, themethod of the oral story was employed.

Results and discussion: Results show that the informants sampled possess knowledge of twelve categoriesof stingless bees (Apidae: Meliponini), classified according to morphological,behavioral and ecological characteristics. Their management techniques arerepresented by the making of traditional cortiço and themelliferous flora is composed of many species predominant in the AtlanticRainforest. From recording the memories and recollections of the individuals,it was observed that an intricate system of beliefs has permeated the keepingof uruçu bees (Melipona scutellaris) forgenerations.

Conclusion: According to management techniques used by beekeepers, the keeping of stinglessbees in the communities is considered a traditional activity that is embeddedwithin a network of ecological knowledge and beliefs accumulated by generationsover time, and is undergoing a process of transformation that provides newmeanings to such knowledge, as can be observed in the practices of youngpeople.

Show MeSH