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Associations between cyberbullying and school bullying victimization and suicidal ideation, plans and attempts among Canadian schoolchildren.

Sampasa-Kanyinga H, Roumeliotis P, Xu H - PLoS ONE (2014)

Bottom Line: Data for this study are from the 2011 Eastern Ontario Youth Risk Behaviour Survey, which is a cross-sectional regional school-based survey that was conducted among students in selected Grade 7 to 12 classes (1658 girls, 1341 boys; mean ± SD age: 14.3 ± 1.8 years).Results were similar when adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics, substance use, and sedentary activities.Mediation analyses indicated that depression fully mediated the relationship between cyberbullying victimization and each of the outcomes of suicidal ideation, plans and attempts.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Eastern Ontario Health Unit, Cornwall, Ontario, Canada.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The negative effects of peer aggression on mental health are key issues for public health. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between cyberbullying and school bullying victimization with suicidal ideation, plans and attempts among middle and high school students, and to test whether these relationships were mediated by reports of depression.

Methods: Data for this study are from the 2011 Eastern Ontario Youth Risk Behaviour Survey, which is a cross-sectional regional school-based survey that was conducted among students in selected Grade 7 to 12 classes (1658 girls, 1341 boys; mean ± SD age: 14.3 ± 1.8 years).

Results: Victims of cyberbullying and school bullying incurred a significantly higher risk of suicidal ideation (cyberbullying: crude odds ratio, 95% confidence interval  = 3.31, 2.16-5.07; school bullying: 3.48, 2.48-4.89), plans (cyberbullying: 2.79, 1.63-4.77; school bullying: 2.76, 2.20-3.45) and attempts (cyberbullying: 1.73, 1.26-2.38; school bullying: 1.64, 1.18-2.27) compared to those who had not encountered such threats. Results were similar when adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics, substance use, and sedentary activities. Mediation analyses indicated that depression fully mediated the relationship between cyberbullying victimization and each of the outcomes of suicidal ideation, plans and attempts. Depression also fully mediated the relationship between school bullying victimization and suicide attempts, but partially mediated the relationship between school bullying victimization and both suicidal ideation and plans.

Conclusion: These findings support an association between both cyberbullying and school bullying victimization and risk of suicidal ideation, plans and attempts. The mediating role of depression on these links justifies the need for addressing depression among victims of both forms of bullying to prevent the risk of subsequent suicidal behaviours.

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Mediational model for study of the relationship between cyberbullying and school bullying victimization and suicidal ideation, plans and attempts.
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pone-0102145-g001: Mediational model for study of the relationship between cyberbullying and school bullying victimization and suicidal ideation, plans and attempts.

Mentions: The psychological mechanisms underlying the association between bullying victimization and suicidal ideation and suicide-related behaviours are less well understood. According to Agnew's social psychological strain theory of deviance, strained social relationships and events pressure individuals into committing deviant acts [17]. Bullying is known to be a source of strain [18], [19]. It makes victims feel angry and frustrated, therefore putting them more at risk to engage in deviant behaviours. From this, it can be reasoned that bullying victims are at an increased risk of suicidal ideation, plans and attempts as coping responses to their victimization. Since depression is a well known risk factor for suicidal behaviour [20], it may therefore be accounted for in these causal chains as victims may first endure episodes of depression before progressing to suicidal ideation, plans and attempts (Figure 1). Based on the nature and intensity of threats and individual vulnerability of the victim, cyberbullying and school bullying may directly result in suicidal ideation, plans and attempts (Path C, Figure 1).


Associations between cyberbullying and school bullying victimization and suicidal ideation, plans and attempts among Canadian schoolchildren.

Sampasa-Kanyinga H, Roumeliotis P, Xu H - PLoS ONE (2014)

Mediational model for study of the relationship between cyberbullying and school bullying victimization and suicidal ideation, plans and attempts.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4116124&req=5

pone-0102145-g001: Mediational model for study of the relationship between cyberbullying and school bullying victimization and suicidal ideation, plans and attempts.
Mentions: The psychological mechanisms underlying the association between bullying victimization and suicidal ideation and suicide-related behaviours are less well understood. According to Agnew's social psychological strain theory of deviance, strained social relationships and events pressure individuals into committing deviant acts [17]. Bullying is known to be a source of strain [18], [19]. It makes victims feel angry and frustrated, therefore putting them more at risk to engage in deviant behaviours. From this, it can be reasoned that bullying victims are at an increased risk of suicidal ideation, plans and attempts as coping responses to their victimization. Since depression is a well known risk factor for suicidal behaviour [20], it may therefore be accounted for in these causal chains as victims may first endure episodes of depression before progressing to suicidal ideation, plans and attempts (Figure 1). Based on the nature and intensity of threats and individual vulnerability of the victim, cyberbullying and school bullying may directly result in suicidal ideation, plans and attempts (Path C, Figure 1).

Bottom Line: Data for this study are from the 2011 Eastern Ontario Youth Risk Behaviour Survey, which is a cross-sectional regional school-based survey that was conducted among students in selected Grade 7 to 12 classes (1658 girls, 1341 boys; mean ± SD age: 14.3 ± 1.8 years).Results were similar when adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics, substance use, and sedentary activities.Mediation analyses indicated that depression fully mediated the relationship between cyberbullying victimization and each of the outcomes of suicidal ideation, plans and attempts.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Eastern Ontario Health Unit, Cornwall, Ontario, Canada.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The negative effects of peer aggression on mental health are key issues for public health. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between cyberbullying and school bullying victimization with suicidal ideation, plans and attempts among middle and high school students, and to test whether these relationships were mediated by reports of depression.

Methods: Data for this study are from the 2011 Eastern Ontario Youth Risk Behaviour Survey, which is a cross-sectional regional school-based survey that was conducted among students in selected Grade 7 to 12 classes (1658 girls, 1341 boys; mean ± SD age: 14.3 ± 1.8 years).

Results: Victims of cyberbullying and school bullying incurred a significantly higher risk of suicidal ideation (cyberbullying: crude odds ratio, 95% confidence interval  = 3.31, 2.16-5.07; school bullying: 3.48, 2.48-4.89), plans (cyberbullying: 2.79, 1.63-4.77; school bullying: 2.76, 2.20-3.45) and attempts (cyberbullying: 1.73, 1.26-2.38; school bullying: 1.64, 1.18-2.27) compared to those who had not encountered such threats. Results were similar when adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics, substance use, and sedentary activities. Mediation analyses indicated that depression fully mediated the relationship between cyberbullying victimization and each of the outcomes of suicidal ideation, plans and attempts. Depression also fully mediated the relationship between school bullying victimization and suicide attempts, but partially mediated the relationship between school bullying victimization and both suicidal ideation and plans.

Conclusion: These findings support an association between both cyberbullying and school bullying victimization and risk of suicidal ideation, plans and attempts. The mediating role of depression on these links justifies the need for addressing depression among victims of both forms of bullying to prevent the risk of subsequent suicidal behaviours.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus