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Combined treatment of PC-3 cells with ultrasound and microbubbles suppresses invasion and migration.

Wei C, Bai WK, Wang Y, Hu B - Oncol Lett (2014)

Bottom Line: Quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis were used to evaluate the expression of the migration-associated proteins, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9.Cell reproduction levels in the US and US + MB groups were significantly suppressed when compared with the control group (P<0.01) following 24 h of treatment and this suppression was significantly higher in the US + MB group than in the US group (P<0.01).However, no significant differences in cell reproduction levels between the three groups were identified at 12 h (P>0.05).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Ultrasound in Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine, Shanghai 200233, P.R. China.

ABSTRACT
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether ultrasound treatment combined with microbubbles inhibits cell invasion and migration in androgen-independent prostate cancer (PCa) cells and to identify the probable mechanism. Ultrasound was used in continuous wave mode at a frequency of 21 kHz and with a spatial-average temporal-average intensity of 46 mW/cm(2). Ultrasound combined with microbubbles (200 μl; SonoVue) was administered to androgen-independent human PCa PC-3 cells for 30 sec. The PC-3 cells were divided into three groups: The control group, the ultrasound group (US) and the ultrasound combined with microbubbles group (US + MB). Following treatment for 12, 24, 48 and 72 h, cell counting kit-8 was used to assess cell viability. Cell invasion and migration was measured 12 h after treatment using Transwell migration assays. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis were used to evaluate the expression of the migration-associated proteins, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9. Cell reproduction levels in the US and US + MB groups were significantly suppressed when compared with the control group (P<0.01) following 24 h of treatment and this suppression was significantly higher in the US + MB group than in the US group (P<0.01). However, no significant differences in cell reproduction levels between the three groups were identified at 12 h (P>0.05). Ultrasound combined with microbubbles significantly suppressed the level of invasion and migration in the PC-3 cells compared with the control group (190.83±14.63 vs. 509.67±18.62, P<0.01; and 86.67±10.60 vs. 271.33±65.14; P<0.01, respectively). Furthermore, combined treatment with ultrasound and microbubbles suppressed the expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9. In conclusion, it was found that ultrasound combined with microbubbles suppressed invasion and migration in human PCa PC-3 cells via downregulation of MMP-2 and MMP-9.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 protein following treatment. MMP, matrix metalloproteinase; US, ultrasound group; US + MB, ultrasound in combination with microbubbles group.
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f3-ol-08-03-1372: Expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 protein following treatment. MMP, matrix metalloproteinase; US, ultrasound group; US + MB, ultrasound in combination with microbubbles group.

Mentions: The expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 mRNA and protein was investigated following treatment. It was found that the MMP-2 and MMP-9 levels in the US and US + MB groups were significantly suppressed compared with the control group (P<0.01), and that this suppression was significantly greater in the US + MB group than in the US group (P<0.01). (Tables II and III; Fig. 3).


Combined treatment of PC-3 cells with ultrasound and microbubbles suppresses invasion and migration.

Wei C, Bai WK, Wang Y, Hu B - Oncol Lett (2014)

Expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 protein following treatment. MMP, matrix metalloproteinase; US, ultrasound group; US + MB, ultrasound in combination with microbubbles group.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4114620&req=5

f3-ol-08-03-1372: Expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 protein following treatment. MMP, matrix metalloproteinase; US, ultrasound group; US + MB, ultrasound in combination with microbubbles group.
Mentions: The expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 mRNA and protein was investigated following treatment. It was found that the MMP-2 and MMP-9 levels in the US and US + MB groups were significantly suppressed compared with the control group (P<0.01), and that this suppression was significantly greater in the US + MB group than in the US group (P<0.01). (Tables II and III; Fig. 3).

Bottom Line: Quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis were used to evaluate the expression of the migration-associated proteins, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9.Cell reproduction levels in the US and US + MB groups were significantly suppressed when compared with the control group (P<0.01) following 24 h of treatment and this suppression was significantly higher in the US + MB group than in the US group (P<0.01).However, no significant differences in cell reproduction levels between the three groups were identified at 12 h (P>0.05).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Ultrasound in Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine, Shanghai 200233, P.R. China.

ABSTRACT
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether ultrasound treatment combined with microbubbles inhibits cell invasion and migration in androgen-independent prostate cancer (PCa) cells and to identify the probable mechanism. Ultrasound was used in continuous wave mode at a frequency of 21 kHz and with a spatial-average temporal-average intensity of 46 mW/cm(2). Ultrasound combined with microbubbles (200 μl; SonoVue) was administered to androgen-independent human PCa PC-3 cells for 30 sec. The PC-3 cells were divided into three groups: The control group, the ultrasound group (US) and the ultrasound combined with microbubbles group (US + MB). Following treatment for 12, 24, 48 and 72 h, cell counting kit-8 was used to assess cell viability. Cell invasion and migration was measured 12 h after treatment using Transwell migration assays. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis were used to evaluate the expression of the migration-associated proteins, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9. Cell reproduction levels in the US and US + MB groups were significantly suppressed when compared with the control group (P<0.01) following 24 h of treatment and this suppression was significantly higher in the US + MB group than in the US group (P<0.01). However, no significant differences in cell reproduction levels between the three groups were identified at 12 h (P>0.05). Ultrasound combined with microbubbles significantly suppressed the level of invasion and migration in the PC-3 cells compared with the control group (190.83±14.63 vs. 509.67±18.62, P<0.01; and 86.67±10.60 vs. 271.33±65.14; P<0.01, respectively). Furthermore, combined treatment with ultrasound and microbubbles suppressed the expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9. In conclusion, it was found that ultrasound combined with microbubbles suppressed invasion and migration in human PCa PC-3 cells via downregulation of MMP-2 and MMP-9.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus