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mHealth 2.0: Experiences, Possibilities, and Perspectives.

Becker S, Miron-Shatz T, Schumacher N, Krocza J, Diamantidis C, Albrecht UV - JMIR Mhealth Uhealth (2014)

Bottom Line: Expectations range from overcoming structural barriers to access in low-income countries to more effective, interactive treatment of chronic conditions.Regarding technology interoperability, open standards and low-energy wireless protocols appear to be vital for successful implementation.Hence, interdisciplinary alliances and collaborative strategies are vital to achieve sustainable growth for "mHealth 2.0," the next generation mobile technology to support patient care.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute for Drug Safety, Department of Nephrology, University Hospital Essen, Essen, Germany.

ABSTRACT
With more than 1 billion users having access to mobile broadband Internet and a rapidly growing mobile app market, all stakeholders involved have high hopes that this technology may improve health care. Expectations range from overcoming structural barriers to access in low-income countries to more effective, interactive treatment of chronic conditions. Before medical health practice supported by mobile devices ("mHealth") can scale up, a number of challenges need to be adequately addressed. From a psychological perspective, high attrition rates, digital divide of society, and intellectual capabilities of the users are key issues when implementing such technologies. Furthermore, apps addressing behavior change often lack a comprehensive concept, which is essential for an ongoing impact. From a clinical point of view, there is insufficient evidence to allow scaling up of mHealth interventions. In addition, new concepts are required to assess the efficacy and efficiency of interventions. Regarding technology interoperability, open standards and low-energy wireless protocols appear to be vital for successful implementation. There is an ongoing discussion in how far health care-related apps require a conformity assessment and how to best communicate quality standards to consumers. "Apps Peer-Review" and standard reporting via an "App synopsis" appear to be promising approaches to increase transparency for end users. With respect to development, more emphasis must be placed on context analysis to identify what generic functions of mobile information technology best meet the needs of stakeholders involved. Hence, interdisciplinary alliances and collaborative strategies are vital to achieve sustainable growth for "mHealth 2.0," the next generation mobile technology to support patient care.

No MeSH data available.


Development of health-related mobile applications and necessary viewpoints.
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Related In: Results  -  Collection

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figure1: Development of health-related mobile applications and necessary viewpoints.

Mentions: With more than 6 billion mobile phone subscribers, it is estimated that 75% of the world population has access to mobile communication [1]. The number of devices with broadband capabilities increased to more than 1 billion worldwide [2]. Associated with the advances in hardware is the rapid evolution of a mobile app industry: with the promise “There's an app for that,” Apple introduced its App Store in 2008. From conception, the number of mobile apps offered increased from 500 to 850,000, with more than 50 billion recent app downloads [3]. New mobile technology offers novel system solutions for a variety of needs in daily life. Consumers, patients, providers of medical services, software developers, governments, and non-governmental organizations are excited about the opportunities mobile communication technology is likely to offer in terms of improving access to health care and delivery, engagement of patients, and clinical outcomes [4]. Whereas an estimated 63% of adults who own a mobile phone use their devices for Internet access, approximately 34% of them use their phones as their primary means for going online [5]. The availability of mobile Web access is allowing individuals who may not have broadband capabilities readily available in their home to access Internet content. With more than 97,000 health-related mobile applications and approximately 1000 new apps being published every month, there are high hopes in the market, which is expected to grow by more than 25% per year [6]. What is termed “mobile Health” or “mHealth,” broadly defined as medical or public health practice supported by mobile devices [4], encompasses a variety of contexts: use of mobile phones to improve point of service data collection, care delivery, patient communication, use of alternative wireless devices for real-time medication monitoring, and adherence support [7]. These new services are developed within a colorful new industry, which brings together a variety of disciplines sometimes lacking understanding of each other’s perspective. This viewpoint paper gathers experiences, evidence, and prognosis in the mHealth market from a psychological, medical, technological, and regulatory perspective (Figure 1). The idea of this paper was conceived at the Medicine 2.0 Conference 2013 in London, where 3 of the authors (TMS, UVA, and SB) met. They thought that a wider scope was required to fully understand the context of mHealth and started to write this paper, which evolved to be an interesting learning process for all contributors.


mHealth 2.0: Experiences, Possibilities, and Perspectives.

Becker S, Miron-Shatz T, Schumacher N, Krocza J, Diamantidis C, Albrecht UV - JMIR Mhealth Uhealth (2014)

Development of health-related mobile applications and necessary viewpoints.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4114478&req=5

figure1: Development of health-related mobile applications and necessary viewpoints.
Mentions: With more than 6 billion mobile phone subscribers, it is estimated that 75% of the world population has access to mobile communication [1]. The number of devices with broadband capabilities increased to more than 1 billion worldwide [2]. Associated with the advances in hardware is the rapid evolution of a mobile app industry: with the promise “There's an app for that,” Apple introduced its App Store in 2008. From conception, the number of mobile apps offered increased from 500 to 850,000, with more than 50 billion recent app downloads [3]. New mobile technology offers novel system solutions for a variety of needs in daily life. Consumers, patients, providers of medical services, software developers, governments, and non-governmental organizations are excited about the opportunities mobile communication technology is likely to offer in terms of improving access to health care and delivery, engagement of patients, and clinical outcomes [4]. Whereas an estimated 63% of adults who own a mobile phone use their devices for Internet access, approximately 34% of them use their phones as their primary means for going online [5]. The availability of mobile Web access is allowing individuals who may not have broadband capabilities readily available in their home to access Internet content. With more than 97,000 health-related mobile applications and approximately 1000 new apps being published every month, there are high hopes in the market, which is expected to grow by more than 25% per year [6]. What is termed “mobile Health” or “mHealth,” broadly defined as medical or public health practice supported by mobile devices [4], encompasses a variety of contexts: use of mobile phones to improve point of service data collection, care delivery, patient communication, use of alternative wireless devices for real-time medication monitoring, and adherence support [7]. These new services are developed within a colorful new industry, which brings together a variety of disciplines sometimes lacking understanding of each other’s perspective. This viewpoint paper gathers experiences, evidence, and prognosis in the mHealth market from a psychological, medical, technological, and regulatory perspective (Figure 1). The idea of this paper was conceived at the Medicine 2.0 Conference 2013 in London, where 3 of the authors (TMS, UVA, and SB) met. They thought that a wider scope was required to fully understand the context of mHealth and started to write this paper, which evolved to be an interesting learning process for all contributors.

Bottom Line: Expectations range from overcoming structural barriers to access in low-income countries to more effective, interactive treatment of chronic conditions.Regarding technology interoperability, open standards and low-energy wireless protocols appear to be vital for successful implementation.Hence, interdisciplinary alliances and collaborative strategies are vital to achieve sustainable growth for "mHealth 2.0," the next generation mobile technology to support patient care.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute for Drug Safety, Department of Nephrology, University Hospital Essen, Essen, Germany.

ABSTRACT
With more than 1 billion users having access to mobile broadband Internet and a rapidly growing mobile app market, all stakeholders involved have high hopes that this technology may improve health care. Expectations range from overcoming structural barriers to access in low-income countries to more effective, interactive treatment of chronic conditions. Before medical health practice supported by mobile devices ("mHealth") can scale up, a number of challenges need to be adequately addressed. From a psychological perspective, high attrition rates, digital divide of society, and intellectual capabilities of the users are key issues when implementing such technologies. Furthermore, apps addressing behavior change often lack a comprehensive concept, which is essential for an ongoing impact. From a clinical point of view, there is insufficient evidence to allow scaling up of mHealth interventions. In addition, new concepts are required to assess the efficacy and efficiency of interventions. Regarding technology interoperability, open standards and low-energy wireless protocols appear to be vital for successful implementation. There is an ongoing discussion in how far health care-related apps require a conformity assessment and how to best communicate quality standards to consumers. "Apps Peer-Review" and standard reporting via an "App synopsis" appear to be promising approaches to increase transparency for end users. With respect to development, more emphasis must be placed on context analysis to identify what generic functions of mobile information technology best meet the needs of stakeholders involved. Hence, interdisciplinary alliances and collaborative strategies are vital to achieve sustainable growth for "mHealth 2.0," the next generation mobile technology to support patient care.

No MeSH data available.