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Effect of electro-acupuncture stimulation of different frequencies and intensities on ovarian blood flow in anaesthetized rats with steroid-induced polycystic ovaries.

Stener-Victorin E, Kobayashi R, Watanabe O, Lundeberg T, Kurosawa M - Reprod. Biol. Endocrinol. (2004)

Bottom Line: Low-frequency EA at intensities of 3 and 6 mA elicited significant increases in OBF in the Control group compared to baseline.High-frequency EA at 6 mA significantly decreased OBF and mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) in the Control group compared to baseline.In the PCO group, the same stimulation produced similar decreases in MAP, but not in OBF.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy, Göteborg University, Box 432, SE-405 30 Göteborg, Sweden. elsv@fhs.gu.se

ABSTRACT

Background: Maintenance of ovarian blood flow (OBF) is suggested to be important for regular ovulation in women with polycystic ovaries (PCO). The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether electro-acupuncture (EA) of different frequencies and intensities can improve the OBF of anaesthetized rat in the animal model of PCO.

Methods: PCO was experimentally induced by a single intramuscular (i.m.) injection of estradiol valerate (EV) in rats. Control rats were given i.m. injection of oil. The involvement of the two ovarian sympathetic nerves; superior ovarian nerve (SON) and plexus ovarian nerve (OPN), in OBF responses was elucidated by severance of SON and OPN in both control and PCO rats. How systemic circulatory changes affect OBF was evaluated by continuous recording of the blood pressure. OBF was measured on the surface of the ovary-using laser Doppler flowmetry. Acupuncture needles were inserted bilaterally into the abdominal and hind limb muscles and connected to an electrical stimulator. Two frequencies--2 Hz (low) and 80 Hz (high)--with three different intensities--1.5, 3, and 6 mA--were applied for 35 s.

Results: Low-frequency EA at intensities of 3 and 6 mA elicited significant increases in OBF in the Control group compared to baseline. In the PCO group the increases in OBF were significant only when stimulating with low-frequency EA at 6 mA. After severance of the ovarian sympathetic nerves, the increased response of OBF that had been induced by low-frequency EA in both the Control and PCO group was abolished, indicating that the OBF response is mediated via the ovarian sympathetic nerves. High-frequency EA at 6 mA significantly decreased OBF and mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) in the Control group compared to baseline. In the PCO group, the same stimulation produced similar decreases in MAP, but not in OBF.

Conclusion: Low-frequency EA stimulation with a strong intensity (6 mA) increases OBF in rats with steroid-induced PCO whereas less strong intensity (3 mA) induces similar changes in control rats. Severance of the ovarian sympathetic nerves, abolish this OBF increase in both study groups, which suggests that the responses of OBF to EA are mediated via the ovarian sympathetic nerves.

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2 Hz EA – OBF and MAP Summarized OBF (A, C, E) and MAP (B, D, F) responses in both the control rats and the PCO rats when stimulating with low-frequency (2 Hz) EA. Changes in OBF and MAP were calculated every minute (1 s record), and response magnitude is expressed as percentage of the pre-stimulus value at the time point 0 min. The vertical lines and thick horizontal bar indicate the time of stimulation. The onset of stimulation is indicated as zero. The data is expressed as mean ± SEM. †p < 0.05, ††p < 0.01 (control rats) * p < 0.05, **p < 0.01 (PCO rats), compared with the pre-stimulus control value.
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Figure 1: 2 Hz EA – OBF and MAP Summarized OBF (A, C, E) and MAP (B, D, F) responses in both the control rats and the PCO rats when stimulating with low-frequency (2 Hz) EA. Changes in OBF and MAP were calculated every minute (1 s record), and response magnitude is expressed as percentage of the pre-stimulus value at the time point 0 min. The vertical lines and thick horizontal bar indicate the time of stimulation. The onset of stimulation is indicated as zero. The data is expressed as mean ± SEM. †p < 0.05, ††p < 0.01 (control rats) * p < 0.05, **p < 0.01 (PCO rats), compared with the pre-stimulus control value.

Mentions: Responses of OBF to low-frequency (2 Hz) EA were investigated in control rats as well as in rats with steroid induced PCO. Fig. 1 summarizes the OBF and MAP responses to low-frequency EA at different stimulus intensities. Values during stimulus were excluded because of muscle contractions in response to EA sometimes caused artifacts that would lead to misinterpret the OBF recordings.


Effect of electro-acupuncture stimulation of different frequencies and intensities on ovarian blood flow in anaesthetized rats with steroid-induced polycystic ovaries.

Stener-Victorin E, Kobayashi R, Watanabe O, Lundeberg T, Kurosawa M - Reprod. Biol. Endocrinol. (2004)

2 Hz EA – OBF and MAP Summarized OBF (A, C, E) and MAP (B, D, F) responses in both the control rats and the PCO rats when stimulating with low-frequency (2 Hz) EA. Changes in OBF and MAP were calculated every minute (1 s record), and response magnitude is expressed as percentage of the pre-stimulus value at the time point 0 min. The vertical lines and thick horizontal bar indicate the time of stimulation. The onset of stimulation is indicated as zero. The data is expressed as mean ± SEM. †p < 0.05, ††p < 0.01 (control rats) * p < 0.05, **p < 0.01 (PCO rats), compared with the pre-stimulus control value.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC411056&req=5

Figure 1: 2 Hz EA – OBF and MAP Summarized OBF (A, C, E) and MAP (B, D, F) responses in both the control rats and the PCO rats when stimulating with low-frequency (2 Hz) EA. Changes in OBF and MAP were calculated every minute (1 s record), and response magnitude is expressed as percentage of the pre-stimulus value at the time point 0 min. The vertical lines and thick horizontal bar indicate the time of stimulation. The onset of stimulation is indicated as zero. The data is expressed as mean ± SEM. †p < 0.05, ††p < 0.01 (control rats) * p < 0.05, **p < 0.01 (PCO rats), compared with the pre-stimulus control value.
Mentions: Responses of OBF to low-frequency (2 Hz) EA were investigated in control rats as well as in rats with steroid induced PCO. Fig. 1 summarizes the OBF and MAP responses to low-frequency EA at different stimulus intensities. Values during stimulus were excluded because of muscle contractions in response to EA sometimes caused artifacts that would lead to misinterpret the OBF recordings.

Bottom Line: Low-frequency EA at intensities of 3 and 6 mA elicited significant increases in OBF in the Control group compared to baseline.High-frequency EA at 6 mA significantly decreased OBF and mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) in the Control group compared to baseline.In the PCO group, the same stimulation produced similar decreases in MAP, but not in OBF.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy, Göteborg University, Box 432, SE-405 30 Göteborg, Sweden. elsv@fhs.gu.se

ABSTRACT

Background: Maintenance of ovarian blood flow (OBF) is suggested to be important for regular ovulation in women with polycystic ovaries (PCO). The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether electro-acupuncture (EA) of different frequencies and intensities can improve the OBF of anaesthetized rat in the animal model of PCO.

Methods: PCO was experimentally induced by a single intramuscular (i.m.) injection of estradiol valerate (EV) in rats. Control rats were given i.m. injection of oil. The involvement of the two ovarian sympathetic nerves; superior ovarian nerve (SON) and plexus ovarian nerve (OPN), in OBF responses was elucidated by severance of SON and OPN in both control and PCO rats. How systemic circulatory changes affect OBF was evaluated by continuous recording of the blood pressure. OBF was measured on the surface of the ovary-using laser Doppler flowmetry. Acupuncture needles were inserted bilaterally into the abdominal and hind limb muscles and connected to an electrical stimulator. Two frequencies--2 Hz (low) and 80 Hz (high)--with three different intensities--1.5, 3, and 6 mA--were applied for 35 s.

Results: Low-frequency EA at intensities of 3 and 6 mA elicited significant increases in OBF in the Control group compared to baseline. In the PCO group the increases in OBF were significant only when stimulating with low-frequency EA at 6 mA. After severance of the ovarian sympathetic nerves, the increased response of OBF that had been induced by low-frequency EA in both the Control and PCO group was abolished, indicating that the OBF response is mediated via the ovarian sympathetic nerves. High-frequency EA at 6 mA significantly decreased OBF and mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) in the Control group compared to baseline. In the PCO group, the same stimulation produced similar decreases in MAP, but not in OBF.

Conclusion: Low-frequency EA stimulation with a strong intensity (6 mA) increases OBF in rats with steroid-induced PCO whereas less strong intensity (3 mA) induces similar changes in control rats. Severance of the ovarian sympathetic nerves, abolish this OBF increase in both study groups, which suggests that the responses of OBF to EA are mediated via the ovarian sympathetic nerves.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus