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rLOAD: does sex mediate the effect of acute antiplatelet loading on stroke outcome.

Meyer DM, Eastwood JA, Compton MP, Gylys K, Zivin JA - Biol Sex Differ (2014)

Bottom Line: Primary outcome measures were platelet inhibition, behavioral outcome P 50 (the weight of microclots (mg) that produces neurologic dysfunction in 50% of a group of animals), and effect of endogenous estrogen on outcome.For the first time in a non-rodent model of stroke, it was found that higher endogenous estrogen levels resulted in significantly better behavioral outcome in female subjects (r s -0.70, p < 0.011).Behavioral outcomes are improved with females with higher endogenous estrogen levels treated with standard dose antiplatelet loading.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: UC San Diego School of Medicine, 200 W Arbor Drive, MON, Suite 3, San Diego, CA 92103-8466, USA.

ABSTRACT

Background: Biologic sex can influence response to pharmacologic therapy. The purpose of this proof-of-concept study was to evaluate the medicating effects of estrogen in the efficacy of acute antiplatelet loading therapy on stroke outcome in the rabbit small clot embolic model.

Methods: Female and male (20/group) New Zealand White rabbits were embolized to produce embolic stroke by injecting small blood clots into the middle cerebral artery via an internal carotid artery catheter. Two hours after embolization, rabbits were treated with standard dose antiplatelet loading (aspirin 10 mg/kg plus clopidogrel 10 mg/kg). Primary outcome measures were platelet inhibition, behavioral outcome P 50 (the weight of microclots (mg) that produces neurologic dysfunction in 50% of a group of animals), and effect of endogenous estrogen on outcome.

Results: For the first time in a non-rodent model of stroke, it was found that higher endogenous estrogen levels resulted in significantly better behavioral outcome in female subjects (r s -0.70, p < 0.011). Platelet inhibition in response to collagen, arachidonic acid, and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) was not significantly different in females with higher vs. lower estrogen levels.

Conclusions: Behavioral outcomes are improved with females with higher endogenous estrogen levels treated with standard dose antiplatelet loading. This is the first non-rodent study to demonstrate that higher endogenous estrogen levels in female rabbits appear to be neuroprotective in ischemic stroke. This research supports the further study of the effect of endogenous estrogen levels on outcome with standard dose antiplatelet loading in stroke patients not eligible for revascularization therapies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Estrogen and behavioral outcome. Females with an RSCEM score of 0 (normal) had significantly higher estrogen levels as compared to females with a score of 1 (abnormal score) at 24 h (46.5 pg/ml vs. 38.5 pg/ml, 95% CI 3.2–12.9, p = 0.003). Higher estrogen levels were significantly associated with higher P50 at 24 h (rs −0.70, p < 0.011).
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Figure 1: Estrogen and behavioral outcome. Females with an RSCEM score of 0 (normal) had significantly higher estrogen levels as compared to females with a score of 1 (abnormal score) at 24 h (46.5 pg/ml vs. 38.5 pg/ml, 95% CI 3.2–12.9, p = 0.003). Higher estrogen levels were significantly associated with higher P50 at 24 h (rs −0.70, p < 0.011).

Mentions: Although serum levels of endogenous estrogen in female animals were not significantly associated with inhibition of platelet aggregation at any timepoint or reagent, they were significantly and positively associated with behavioral outcome. Females with an RSCEM score of 0 (normal) had higher baseline endogenous estrogen levels as compared to females with a score of 1 (abnormal score) (46.5 pg/ml vs. 38.5 pg/ml, 95% CI 3.2–12.9, p = 0.003). Higher estrogen levels were associated with higher P50 at 24 h (rs −0.70, p < 0.011) (Figure 1).


rLOAD: does sex mediate the effect of acute antiplatelet loading on stroke outcome.

Meyer DM, Eastwood JA, Compton MP, Gylys K, Zivin JA - Biol Sex Differ (2014)

Estrogen and behavioral outcome. Females with an RSCEM score of 0 (normal) had significantly higher estrogen levels as compared to females with a score of 1 (abnormal score) at 24 h (46.5 pg/ml vs. 38.5 pg/ml, 95% CI 3.2–12.9, p = 0.003). Higher estrogen levels were significantly associated with higher P50 at 24 h (rs −0.70, p < 0.011).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4109774&req=5

Figure 1: Estrogen and behavioral outcome. Females with an RSCEM score of 0 (normal) had significantly higher estrogen levels as compared to females with a score of 1 (abnormal score) at 24 h (46.5 pg/ml vs. 38.5 pg/ml, 95% CI 3.2–12.9, p = 0.003). Higher estrogen levels were significantly associated with higher P50 at 24 h (rs −0.70, p < 0.011).
Mentions: Although serum levels of endogenous estrogen in female animals were not significantly associated with inhibition of platelet aggregation at any timepoint or reagent, they were significantly and positively associated with behavioral outcome. Females with an RSCEM score of 0 (normal) had higher baseline endogenous estrogen levels as compared to females with a score of 1 (abnormal score) (46.5 pg/ml vs. 38.5 pg/ml, 95% CI 3.2–12.9, p = 0.003). Higher estrogen levels were associated with higher P50 at 24 h (rs −0.70, p < 0.011) (Figure 1).

Bottom Line: Primary outcome measures were platelet inhibition, behavioral outcome P 50 (the weight of microclots (mg) that produces neurologic dysfunction in 50% of a group of animals), and effect of endogenous estrogen on outcome.For the first time in a non-rodent model of stroke, it was found that higher endogenous estrogen levels resulted in significantly better behavioral outcome in female subjects (r s -0.70, p < 0.011).Behavioral outcomes are improved with females with higher endogenous estrogen levels treated with standard dose antiplatelet loading.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: UC San Diego School of Medicine, 200 W Arbor Drive, MON, Suite 3, San Diego, CA 92103-8466, USA.

ABSTRACT

Background: Biologic sex can influence response to pharmacologic therapy. The purpose of this proof-of-concept study was to evaluate the medicating effects of estrogen in the efficacy of acute antiplatelet loading therapy on stroke outcome in the rabbit small clot embolic model.

Methods: Female and male (20/group) New Zealand White rabbits were embolized to produce embolic stroke by injecting small blood clots into the middle cerebral artery via an internal carotid artery catheter. Two hours after embolization, rabbits were treated with standard dose antiplatelet loading (aspirin 10 mg/kg plus clopidogrel 10 mg/kg). Primary outcome measures were platelet inhibition, behavioral outcome P 50 (the weight of microclots (mg) that produces neurologic dysfunction in 50% of a group of animals), and effect of endogenous estrogen on outcome.

Results: For the first time in a non-rodent model of stroke, it was found that higher endogenous estrogen levels resulted in significantly better behavioral outcome in female subjects (r s -0.70, p < 0.011). Platelet inhibition in response to collagen, arachidonic acid, and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) was not significantly different in females with higher vs. lower estrogen levels.

Conclusions: Behavioral outcomes are improved with females with higher endogenous estrogen levels treated with standard dose antiplatelet loading. This is the first non-rodent study to demonstrate that higher endogenous estrogen levels in female rabbits appear to be neuroprotective in ischemic stroke. This research supports the further study of the effect of endogenous estrogen levels on outcome with standard dose antiplatelet loading in stroke patients not eligible for revascularization therapies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus