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No significant difference in depression rate in employed and unemployed in a pair-matched study design.

Mihai A, Ricean A, Voidazan S - Front Public Health (2014)

Bottom Line: The study was done in a historical period of economic crisis, 2009-2010.Suicidal ideas are more frequent in men, employed persons with low level of education and in unemployed persons with medium level of education.Unemployment status increases the depression rate only in vulnerable groups such as single or divorced women; and suicidal ideas were associated with the unemployment status (longer than 8 months) in men from rural area with medium level of education.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychiatry, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Tîrgu Mureş , Tîrgu Mureş , Romania.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The main objective of this study was to evaluate the differences of depression rate in employed and unemployed persons in the period of financial and economic crisis in Romania, in a pair-matched study design.

Method: The cross-sectional study uses a pair match design (395 pairs) of two groups of employed and unemployed persons. Other socio-demographic risk factors of depression (gender, age, marital status, residence, ethnicity, educational level, and profession) were controlled. The study was done in a historical period of economic crisis, 2009-2010. For the screening of depression we used the patient health questionnaire-9.

Results: There were no statistical differences (p = 0.054) between the depression rates in the employed (17.98%) and unemployed (23.80%) samples. The depression rate in both groups was higher in females, age (51-55), marital status (divorced), living in the rural area, with a low level of education and poverty. Suicidal ideas are more frequent in men, employed persons with low level of education and in unemployed persons with medium level of education.

Conclusion: The exposure to short term unemployment status was not associated with change in depression rate in the period of financial and economic crisis in Romania, comparing with controls pair-matched. Unemployment status increases the depression rate only in vulnerable groups such as single or divorced women; and suicidal ideas were associated with the unemployment status (longer than 8 months) in men from rural area with medium level of education.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Depression rate and educational level.
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Figure 6: Depression rate and educational level.

Mentions: Low level of education was significantly correlated with higher depression rate in both employed and unemployed groups. With a low level of education, even if the person is employed, the risk to have depression is higher because of the level of poverty, low salary, longer duration of working time, heavy physical work, etc. There is no statistical difference in higher and medium education level regarding the impact on depression rate, no matter if they are employed or not. Five percent of persons who have high level of education and employed are depressed (Figure 6).


No significant difference in depression rate in employed and unemployed in a pair-matched study design.

Mihai A, Ricean A, Voidazan S - Front Public Health (2014)

Depression rate and educational level.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4109612&req=5

Figure 6: Depression rate and educational level.
Mentions: Low level of education was significantly correlated with higher depression rate in both employed and unemployed groups. With a low level of education, even if the person is employed, the risk to have depression is higher because of the level of poverty, low salary, longer duration of working time, heavy physical work, etc. There is no statistical difference in higher and medium education level regarding the impact on depression rate, no matter if they are employed or not. Five percent of persons who have high level of education and employed are depressed (Figure 6).

Bottom Line: The study was done in a historical period of economic crisis, 2009-2010.Suicidal ideas are more frequent in men, employed persons with low level of education and in unemployed persons with medium level of education.Unemployment status increases the depression rate only in vulnerable groups such as single or divorced women; and suicidal ideas were associated with the unemployment status (longer than 8 months) in men from rural area with medium level of education.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychiatry, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Tîrgu Mureş , Tîrgu Mureş , Romania.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The main objective of this study was to evaluate the differences of depression rate in employed and unemployed persons in the period of financial and economic crisis in Romania, in a pair-matched study design.

Method: The cross-sectional study uses a pair match design (395 pairs) of two groups of employed and unemployed persons. Other socio-demographic risk factors of depression (gender, age, marital status, residence, ethnicity, educational level, and profession) were controlled. The study was done in a historical period of economic crisis, 2009-2010. For the screening of depression we used the patient health questionnaire-9.

Results: There were no statistical differences (p = 0.054) between the depression rates in the employed (17.98%) and unemployed (23.80%) samples. The depression rate in both groups was higher in females, age (51-55), marital status (divorced), living in the rural area, with a low level of education and poverty. Suicidal ideas are more frequent in men, employed persons with low level of education and in unemployed persons with medium level of education.

Conclusion: The exposure to short term unemployment status was not associated with change in depression rate in the period of financial and economic crisis in Romania, comparing with controls pair-matched. Unemployment status increases the depression rate only in vulnerable groups such as single or divorced women; and suicidal ideas were associated with the unemployment status (longer than 8 months) in men from rural area with medium level of education.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus