Limits...
No significant difference in depression rate in employed and unemployed in a pair-matched study design.

Mihai A, Ricean A, Voidazan S - Front Public Health (2014)

Bottom Line: The study was done in a historical period of economic crisis, 2009-2010.Suicidal ideas are more frequent in men, employed persons with low level of education and in unemployed persons with medium level of education.Unemployment status increases the depression rate only in vulnerable groups such as single or divorced women; and suicidal ideas were associated with the unemployment status (longer than 8 months) in men from rural area with medium level of education.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychiatry, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Tîrgu Mureş , Tîrgu Mureş , Romania.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The main objective of this study was to evaluate the differences of depression rate in employed and unemployed persons in the period of financial and economic crisis in Romania, in a pair-matched study design.

Method: The cross-sectional study uses a pair match design (395 pairs) of two groups of employed and unemployed persons. Other socio-demographic risk factors of depression (gender, age, marital status, residence, ethnicity, educational level, and profession) were controlled. The study was done in a historical period of economic crisis, 2009-2010. For the screening of depression we used the patient health questionnaire-9.

Results: There were no statistical differences (p = 0.054) between the depression rates in the employed (17.98%) and unemployed (23.80%) samples. The depression rate in both groups was higher in females, age (51-55), marital status (divorced), living in the rural area, with a low level of education and poverty. Suicidal ideas are more frequent in men, employed persons with low level of education and in unemployed persons with medium level of education.

Conclusion: The exposure to short term unemployment status was not associated with change in depression rate in the period of financial and economic crisis in Romania, comparing with controls pair-matched. Unemployment status increases the depression rate only in vulnerable groups such as single or divorced women; and suicidal ideas were associated with the unemployment status (longer than 8 months) in men from rural area with medium level of education.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The flowchart of recruitment.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4109612&req=5

Figure 2: The flowchart of recruitment.

Mentions: We considered short term unemployment status <1 year and we chose this period because the state gives to unemployed person a financial support for maximum 1 year. The unemployed people in order to obtain the state financial support have to visit every month the Workforce Units, on a specific day of the month, in alphabetical order. The randomization consists in selecting every third person, which are on a list at workforce unit. We included all selected unemployed persons who presented themselves to this unit and accepted to answer the study questions until we completed the number (410 persons) decided by the sample size calculation. A number of 20 persons were absent and 65 persons refused to participate in the study. The recruitment period was December 2009, and in 17 days we reached the proposed number, with a response rate of 85.63%. A number of 15 answers were excluded because of incomplete data. A number of 395 persons were included and analyzed (Figure 2).


No significant difference in depression rate in employed and unemployed in a pair-matched study design.

Mihai A, Ricean A, Voidazan S - Front Public Health (2014)

The flowchart of recruitment.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4109612&req=5

Figure 2: The flowchart of recruitment.
Mentions: We considered short term unemployment status <1 year and we chose this period because the state gives to unemployed person a financial support for maximum 1 year. The unemployed people in order to obtain the state financial support have to visit every month the Workforce Units, on a specific day of the month, in alphabetical order. The randomization consists in selecting every third person, which are on a list at workforce unit. We included all selected unemployed persons who presented themselves to this unit and accepted to answer the study questions until we completed the number (410 persons) decided by the sample size calculation. A number of 20 persons were absent and 65 persons refused to participate in the study. The recruitment period was December 2009, and in 17 days we reached the proposed number, with a response rate of 85.63%. A number of 15 answers were excluded because of incomplete data. A number of 395 persons were included and analyzed (Figure 2).

Bottom Line: The study was done in a historical period of economic crisis, 2009-2010.Suicidal ideas are more frequent in men, employed persons with low level of education and in unemployed persons with medium level of education.Unemployment status increases the depression rate only in vulnerable groups such as single or divorced women; and suicidal ideas were associated with the unemployment status (longer than 8 months) in men from rural area with medium level of education.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychiatry, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Tîrgu Mureş , Tîrgu Mureş , Romania.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The main objective of this study was to evaluate the differences of depression rate in employed and unemployed persons in the period of financial and economic crisis in Romania, in a pair-matched study design.

Method: The cross-sectional study uses a pair match design (395 pairs) of two groups of employed and unemployed persons. Other socio-demographic risk factors of depression (gender, age, marital status, residence, ethnicity, educational level, and profession) were controlled. The study was done in a historical period of economic crisis, 2009-2010. For the screening of depression we used the patient health questionnaire-9.

Results: There were no statistical differences (p = 0.054) between the depression rates in the employed (17.98%) and unemployed (23.80%) samples. The depression rate in both groups was higher in females, age (51-55), marital status (divorced), living in the rural area, with a low level of education and poverty. Suicidal ideas are more frequent in men, employed persons with low level of education and in unemployed persons with medium level of education.

Conclusion: The exposure to short term unemployment status was not associated with change in depression rate in the period of financial and economic crisis in Romania, comparing with controls pair-matched. Unemployment status increases the depression rate only in vulnerable groups such as single or divorced women; and suicidal ideas were associated with the unemployment status (longer than 8 months) in men from rural area with medium level of education.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus